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Chapter 1

Medical Terms - Chapter 1

adenitis inflammation of a gland
adenoma tumor of a gland
anemia deficiency of hemoglobin and numbers of red blood cells: lackingin blood
arthalgia pain of a joint
arthritis inflammation of a joint
arthrogram x-ray of a joint
arthroscope instrument used to examine the inside of a joint
arthroscopy process of visual examination of a joint
autopsy examination of a dead body to determine the ccause of death: to see with ones own eyes
biology study of life
biopsy process of viewing living tissue with a microscope
carcinoma cancerous tumor
cardiac pertaing to heart
cardiology study of the heart
cephalgia headache
cephalic pertaining to the head
cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum; the largest part of the brain
cerbrovascular accident (CVA) disorder of blood vessels with in the cerebrum; stroke
cystoscope instrument used to view the urinary bladder
cystoscopy visuall examination of the urinary bladder
cytology study of cells
dermal pertaining to the skin
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatosis any abnormal condition of the skin
diagnosis complete knowledge of the patients condition
dysentary condition of painful intestines
electrocardiogram (ECG,EKG) Record of the electricity in the heart
electroencephalogram (EEG) record of the electricity in the brain
endocardium inflammation ot the inner lining of the heart
endocarditis inflammation of the inner lining ot the heart
endocrine glands organs that produce hormones
endocrinology the study of endocrine glands
enteritis inflammation of the small intestines
erythrocyte red blood cells
exocrine glands glands that produce or secreate chemicals that leave the body through ducts
gastrectomy excision and removal of the stomach
gastric pertaining to the stomach
gastritis inflammation of the stomach
gastroenteritis infmammation of the stomach and small intestines
gastroenterolgy study of the stomach and small intestines
gastroscope instrument used to view the stomach
gastroscopy visual examination of the stomach
gastrotomy process of cutting into or incison of the stomach
gynecologist specialist in the medical and surgical treatment of female disorders
gynecology study of female disorders
hematoma mass of blood under the skin
hemoglobin oxygen carring protein found in red blood cells
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
hepatoma tumor of the liver
hyperglycemia high levels of sugar in the blood
hyperthyroidism higer than normal levels of parathyroid hormone in the blood
hyopdermic pertaining to under the skin
hypoglycemia blood condition of low sugar
hypothyroidism lower than normal activity in the thyroid gland
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdomen
laparotomy incision of the abdomen
leukemia increase in malignat cancerous white blood cells in blood and bone marrow
leukocyte white blood cells
nephrectomy removal of the kidney
nephrology study of the kidney
nephrosis abnormal condition of the kidney
neural pertaining to the nerves
neuralgia nerve pain
neuritis inflammation of the nerve
neurologist specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of nerve disorders
neurology study of nerves
neurotomy incision of a nerve
oncologist specialist of the treatment of tumors
ophthalmoscope instrument used to visually examine the eye
ostetitis inflammation of a bone
osteoarthritis inflammation of bones and joints
pathologist specialist in the study of disease using microscopic examination of tussues, cells and autopsy examination
platelet cell in the blood that aids clotting
prognosis prediction as to the outcome of a illness or treatment "before knowledge"
psychosis abdnormal condition of the mind
renal pertaining to the kidneys
resection removal of an organ or a structure
retrogastric pertaining to behind the stomach
rhinitis inflammation of the nose
rhinotomy incisoin of the nose
sarcoma cancerous tumor of the connective tissue, such as bone, muscle, fat or cartilage
subgastric pertaining to below the stomach
subhepatic pertaining to under the liver
thrombocyte clotting cell
thrombosis abnormal condition of clot formation
transdermal pertaining to through the skin
transgastric pertaining to across or through the stomach
transurethral pertaining to across or through the urethra
vascular pertaining to blood vessels
Created by: Pinkchicsrule