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Geography

Geography(Rocks)

QuestionAnswer
Name the three major rock groups Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic
How are igneous rocks formed? When magma is cooled down and solidified
Give an example of igneous rocks Granite,basalt
Give an example where igneous rocks can be found Granite(Mourne mountains,Co.Down) Basalt(The giants causeway,Co.Antrim)
How are sedimentary rocks formed? Compressed remains of sea creatures,animals,plants and fragments of rocks
Give an example of sedimentary rocks Limestone,sandstone
Give an example of where sedimentary rocks can be found Limestone(The Burren,Co,Clare) Sandstone(Galtee mountains,Co Cork and Tipperary)
How are metamorphic rocks formed? When igneous or sedimentary rocks are altered by high pressures, temperatures or both
Give an example of sedimentary rocks Marble,quartzite
Give an example of where sedimentary rocks can be found Marble(Connemara,Kilkenny) Quartzite(Sugarloaf mountains,Co.Wicklow)
Give two characteristics of Limestone rock They are laid down in horizontal lines called strata, fossils may be found in limestone
When resources do rocks provide us with? Energy and building materials
Give examples of rock based energy resources Coal,oil and gas(fossil fuels)
Give examples of building material resouces Stone,gravel and sand
What is quarrying? A method used to extract rocks
Created by: Chimozukee