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5 & 15 study guide

integumentary and digestive system unit.

list the parts of the roof of the mouth: hard pallate and soft pallate
how long does a person have their temporary set of teeth for? six years
name the different types of body membranes connective membranes and epithelial membranes
where is connective membranes located between bones and joints and line bunsae
where are epithelial membranes located? skin, line body surface, cover organs
what is the role of a dermatologist? a doctor or physician who specializes in treating skin, hair and mucous membranes.
what is the function of the pancrease? secrete pancreatic juices that contain enzymes to digest protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
Name the four main types of teeth incisors, canines, premolars, molars,
function of incisors cutting function during mastication
function of canines pierce or tear foods
function of premolars provide extensive breakdown of food in mouth
function of molars extensive breakdown of food in mouth
name three parts of small intestine duodenum, jejunum, ileum
name layers of digestive tract mucosa, submucosa, muscularis, serosa
where is mucosa located esophagus
where is submucosa located? below mucosa
where is serosa located? outermost covering of digestive tube
where are the villi located? covering plicae in small intestine
where is cardiac sphincter located? junction of stomach and esophagus that prevents food going back up esophagus and entering stomach
where is the iliocecal valve located? junction of small intestine and large intestine limits reflex clonic contents into illeum
what structure is the duodenum connected to? stomach and small intestine
what is Keratin? tough protein that eventually flakes off
what is keratin's function protection ,pigment, tough nails, healthy skin
Name three salivary glands parotid gland, submandibular gland, sublingual glan
where is parotid located below ear and above jaw
where is submandibular gland located? either side of lingual fremulum
where is sublingual located? sides of tounge
three divisions of stomach fundus, body, pyloris
what are the two types of sudoriferous glands? aprocrine and eccrine
which suderiferous gland is more wide spread? eccrine
what is the function of enamel? with stands grinding of teeth
where is enamel located? on outter part of tooth
what type of membrane is found on surface of the skin? cutaneous
what two substances emusify fat? bile and gull bladder
name the structures of hair? hair shaft, hair follicle, hair papilla
where is the hair shaft located? visible part of hair
where is hair follicle located? in dermis it is a small tube
where is the hair papilla located? base of follicle , cluster of cells
where are the pacinian corpuscles located? subcutanous,submucous, suserous tissue
how are burns classified? first,second, and third. depends on depth of fire damage of skin
what are thr six functions of body membranes? cover/protect body membranes, line body cavities, cover inner surface of hollow organs, anchor membrane to other membranes, anchor membranes to bones, cover internal orgsn
define bunsae a closed sac with a synovial membrane and filled with fluid,
wheres is bursae located? areas where there tends to be friction
nail root part that is hidden
nail body visible part
nail bed epithelium layer
lunula crescent shaped
what occurs when arrector pili contracts? hair stands up and creates goosebumps.
name two layers of skin dermis and epidermis
name the different nutrients protein, carbohydrates, and fats
protein digestion location begins in stomach and ends in the small intestine
carbohydrates digestion location small intestine
fats digestion location duodenum (small intestine)
what type of tissue is found in the surface of skin? epithelial tissue
where is the basis for fingertips located? dermis
what is the largest gland in the body? liver
what does bile not contain? enzymes
what are other names for the digestive system? GI tract, gastrointestinal tract, alimentary canal
define chyme: The pulpy acidic fluid that passes from the stomach to the small intestine, consisting of gastric juices and partly digested food.
define plicae folds in intestinal linings that suit well for abosorption
define albinism the absence of pigment in hair, skin, and eyes
what is the function of the uvula prevents food from entering nasal cavities
what is the function of the pharynx as part of the digestive system? it recieves the food from your mouth and sends it to the esophagus since they are connected.
what is the function of the esophagus? using peristalsis it pushes food down to stomach
what is the function of sebum? Sebum provides moisture for the skin and protects it from friction.
what type of fluid does connective tissue produce? synovial fluids
what cell produces melanin? melanocytes
what part of the epidermis is new cells produced on? stratum germantitum
what is the outer most layer of epidermis? stratum corneum
what layer of skin is composed mostly of connective tissue? dermis
patches of melanin are known as _________ freckles
if a person does not produce melanin what is the condition known as? albino
hormones belong to what body system? endocrine
what structure covers plicae? villi
what is the name of the sphinster located at end of esophagus? cardiac sphincter
what two products does saliva contain? enzymes
where is appocrine located? axilla and genitelia
functions of skin protection, regulation of blood, maintain tempreature,
sebaceous glands oil
suderieferous sweat
Created by: bets98