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Element Meaning

Root words & meanings

Gastr- stomach
Cardi- heart
Megal- enlarged
-itis inflammation
Dermat- skin
Plast- surgical repair
Cerebr- brain
Path- disease
-ectomy surgical removal
Enter- intestines
-osis any condition
-otomy cut into
Aden- gland
Angi- vessel
-oma tumor
Nephr- kidney
Hepat- liver
Arthr- joint
Blephar- eyelid
-ologist specialist
Rhin- nose
Gingiv- gums
-malacia soft
-ology the study of
Spasm involuntary contractions
-algia pain
Crani skull
End- inside, within
Hemi- half
-oid like
Hyper- above, more than normal
Cyst- sac containing fluid
Chole- bile
Hypo- under
-scop- observe
Hyster- uterus
-ostomy create an opening
Para- beside, beyond
-lysis loosening, destruction
Cervic- neck
Chondr- cartilage
Cyan- blue
Hem(at)- blood
Ost- bone
Psycho- mind
Lip- fat
My- muscle
Lith- stone
Opthalm- Opt- eye
Proct- anus
Cost- rib
-gram record
Acro- extremities
-rhexis break, burst
Carcin- cancer
-penia decrease
Gen- original, production
Burso- sac
Retr(o)- backwards
Trip- rub, friction
Strept- twist
-desis binding
Mani- madness
Glosso- tongue
-trophy development
Supra- above
-ptosis falling
-dyn pain
Mast- breast
-rrhaphy suture
Dent- teeth
Cephal- head
Auto- self
Epi- upon
Hydro- water
Lobo- section
-emesis vomiting
Contra- against, counter
-iasis condition
Trans- through, across
Brady- slow
-ectasis expansion
Cyt- cell
Odont- tooth
Leuk- white
-esthesi sensation
Cantho- angle at the end of the eyelid
Steno- narrow, contracted
Cheil- lip
-cele hernia
Benign mild, not cancerous
Semen seed
Celio- abdomen
Erythro- red
Vaso- vessel
Melan black
Cauda- tail
Lingua- tongue
Myring- eardrum
Spondyl- spinal column
Ovar- egg
-centesis puncture
Oto- ear
Bili- bile
Squam- scale
Mening- membrane
Cec- blind passage
Macul- spot
-pexy suspension
Onco- tumor
Or- mouth
Sub- under
Spiro- coil
Lacrim- tear
Viscero organ
Lact- milk
Onych- nail, claw
Thorac- chest
Pyle pyloro- gate
Vesic- bladder
Sphenic- wedge
Myel- marrow, spinal cord
Anti- against
Myco- fungus
Hallux- great toe
Physio- nature
Bucc(o)- cheek
Palpebr- eyelid
Plasia- development
Rug- wrinkle, fold, crease
Aur- ear
Acoust(i)- hearing
Colp(o)- hollow, vaagina
Phon- voice, sound
Leio- smooth
Cor heart
Ren- kidney
Orchi- testis
Encephal- brain
Thalam- inner chamber
Plexus braid
Cilla eyelash
Dendr- tree, branching
Phleb- vein
Pilo- hair
Histo- tissue
Stoma- mouth
Tympan- eardrum
Umbilic- navel
Salpingo tube
Helio- sun
Astr- star shaped
-astenia weakness
Fascia sheet, band
Iso- equal
Tarso- ankle
-tope place
Pod- foot
Malign- bad
Adnexa- ties, connection
Ocul- eye
Lapar- abdominal wall
Dacry- tear
Ment- mind
Part- labor, bring forth
Sclera(a)- hard
Somato- body
Trachel- neck
Sinus hollow space
Hypno- sleep
Sept- wall, fence
Scirr(h)- hard
Antr- cavity
-crine to secrete
Dura hard
Pneum- lung
Phage to eat
Phren- mind
Corne- horny
Plak- plate
Iris rainbow
Kerat- horny
Pulmon- lung
Ptyal- saliva
Alveol- cavity
Oophor- ovary
Oment- covering
Sedat- quiet, calm
Furca- fork shaped
Radic- root
Radi- ray
Fistul- pipe
Edema- swelling
Dactyl- finger, toe
Metabol(e) change
Pariet- wall
Ependym- wrapping
Gravid pregnant
Aer- air
Glycol- Gluco- sweet
Tarso framework of the eyelid
Cheir- hand
Calc- heel, stone
Cine- move
Digit finger, toe
Dors- back
Gangli- swelling
Gemin- twin
Grad- walk, take steps
Gran- grain, particle
Labl- lip
Micr- small
Peps- digest
Pleur- pleura, rib, side
Mamm- breast
Colla- glue
Later- side
Rachi- spinal column
Phob- fear
Phot- light
Dys- bad
Cut- skin
En- in
Peri- about, around
Pro- in front of, before
Mechano- machine
Dynam- power
Osmo- odor
Traumat- wound
Trich- hair
Maxill- upper jawbone
An-, a- without, not
Phak- lens
Pre- in front of, before
Strict- draw tight
Turbin- shaped like a top
Ameb- change
Semi- half
Neo- new
Hormone- excite
Therm- heat
Syn- or Sym- together
Vuls- twitch or pull
Post after
Metr- uterus
Tegument covering, skin
Pan- all
Poly- many
Ramus branch
Neuro- nerve (nervous system)
Thromb- lump, clot
Ab- away from, not
-plegia paralysis
Ante- before
Thel- nipple
Ex- cut, away from
Lien- spleen
Tumor swelling
Vestibule entrance
Puer- child
Sarc- flesh
Proli- offspring
Macro- large
Lal- speech
Intra- within
Inter- between
Infra- beneath
Cryo- cold
Mal- bad
Glom- ball
Tens- stretch
Spas- pull, draw
Somni- sleep
Pharmac- drug
Lumbo- loins
Arter- artery
Appendic- appendix
Thyro- thyroid
Splen- spleen
Ovario- ovary
Adreno- adrenal gland
Basi- base
Pelvi- pelvis
Vena- vein
Urethr- urethra
Utero- uterus
Sacro- sacrum
Pharyng- pharynx
Duodeno- duodenum
Ureter- ureter
Laryng- larynx
Bronch- bronchus
Col- colon
Esophag- esophagus
Bi- two
Tri- three
ile- ileum
ili- ilium
Lig- ligamnet
Therap- therapy
Ger- old
Capit- head
Ventr- front
Cau- burn
Vert- turn
Clas- break
Eu- good
Fiss- split
Ambi- both
Brachy short
Amphi- around, on both sides
Duct- tube
Heter- other
Poster- back part
Gyn- female
Hom- same
Cata- down
Schiz split
Olfact- smell
Pseudo- false
Infer- under
Pachy- thick
Phrag fence
Platy- flat
Orth- straight
Proxim- nearest
Scol- curved
Apo- away form
di- twice
Dia- through
Eury- broad
Pect- chest
Necr- dead
mi- less
Morph- form
Dis- apart
Fac- make, do
Lept- slender
Lymph- watery fluid
Meta- beyond
-rrhag burst, burst forth
Sta- stand
Ton- stretch
Volv- to roll
Splanchn- internal organs
-rrhe flow
Med- middle
Xer- dry
Per- throughout
Blast- bud
Acute sudden/intense
Ad- increase, forward
-ad together
All-, allo- other
ana- up
bio- life
brevi short
cac-, caci- bad, Ill
chlor- green
chrom- color
chronic long duration
co- together
diplo- two, pair
dips- thirst
dist- far
-eal pertaining to
ecto- outside
embol- plug
-esis let go, send
-etio origin, the cause
excision to cut out
febrile fever
idio- separate
juxta- close proximity
les- injure, hurt, wound
meso- middle
-meter measure
narc- numbness, lethargy
-natal pregnancy
nox-, nos- disease, illness
nulli none
occult hidden
olig- scant, very little
phor- carrier
poiesis formation of
presby- old
pyo- pus
re- back, again, oposite
-rrhea current, stream, to flow
sect- a cut/division
sepsis infection
spir- breath
stria- striped
tachy- fast, rapid
tax movement
tox- poison
tripsy to crush
vit- life
xantho- yellow
xeno- strange, foreign
Created by: moo2youk