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L24-29 Geography,Voc

Calvert School,Lesson 24-29,Geography - Vocabulary,Found in Textbook

Weather unpredictable changes in the air that take place over a period of time
El Niño combination of temperature, wind, and water effects in the Pacific Ocean that causes heavy rains in some areas and droughts in others
La Niña opposite of El Niño
Tropics low-latitude region between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropics of Capricorn
Climate the usual, predicable pattern of weather in an area over a long period of time
Local winds patterns of wind caused by landforms in a particular area
Monsoon tremendous seasonal winds that blow over continents for months and affect the climate
Rain shadow dry area on the inland side of costal mountains
Hurricane violent tropical storm with heavy rains and high winds
Greenhouse effect buildup of certain gases in the atmosphere that, like a greenhouse, hold more of the sun’s warmth
Typhoons Asian hurricane
Canopy the top layer of the forest
Savanna broad grasslands with few trees
Marine west coast climate weather pattern characterized by rainy and mild winters and cool summers
Mediterranean climate weather pattern characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot dry summers
Humid subtropical climate weather pattern characterized by hot, humid, rainy summers and short mild winters
Humid continental climate weather pattern characterized by long, cold, and snowy winters and short, hot summers
Subarctic climate weather pattern characterized by severely cold and bitter winters and short, cool summers
Tundra vast rolling treeless plain in high-latitude climates in which only the top few inches of ground thaw in the summer
Permafrost permanently frozen lower layers of soil in the tundra and subarctic regions
Steppe partly dry grassland found on the outer edges of a desert
Timberline elevation along mountains above which no trees will grow
Created by: dragondude