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lesson 3

Steps for caring for an unconcious person always remember check-call-care once you have checked the scene check the person using the AVPU scale.
What is the AVPU scale? A-(Alert) can carry on a conversation with you and is aware of surroundings V-(Verbal)only responds to you when you give a command P-(Pain)only responds when you cause mild pain U-(Unresponsive)Does not respond at all
Alert If the person registers alert you should ask the person questions to determine what happened,what is wrong,what they are allergic to and what medical conditions they have determine if you should call 9-1-1
Verbal If The person registers as verbal you should:ask the same questions from the alert category call 9-1-1 Monitor to make sure they do not get worse and be prepared to give care
Pain If the person registers as pain you should: Call 9-1-1 immediately ask bystanders for more information about what happened monitor the person and be prepared to give care if they go unconcious
Unresponsive If they register as unresponsive you should: Call 9-1-1 immediately Check their ABC's (see next slide) Give CPR if there is no breathing
ABC A-Airway B-Breathing C-Circulation
what if they vomit or i have to leave them? use the recovery position
Recovery position what to remember about the recovery position Roll Away from you Put the arm furthest away from you up by their head Prop up the knee closest to you before rolling make sure their mouth is faced down so vomit exits
Airway use the head tilt chin lift technique keep one hand on the forehead,and the other on the bony part of the chin,lift up on the chin and lift the head back
what does this do? when you pull up on the chin,the tongue pulls away from the back of the throat and opens the airway
Breathing look listen and feel for breathing for no more than ten seconds ear and cheek down to their nose and mouth to listen and feel keep eyes looking at their chest to look for rise and fall
Circulation This means check for a pulse the carotid artery is the best place to do this on a adult and child you do not need to take time for caring on a adult but do atleast 10 seconds for a child
Applying pain If your person is unconscious make sure to check if he is registered as "PAIN" there is three ways to do this 1-Sternum rub (knuckle to chest) 2-Earlobe pinch 3-Nail-bed pinch
What if they face down? you may find a unconscious person face down so you would need to roll them face up,if you do move them WATCH THEIR SPINE
Where's the spine the spine is the bone that runs from the base of our skull to our tailbone nerve endings run through it is how our brain communicates with the rest of our body
Why does this matter? if the spine is broken or damaged then the person loses function of their body the higher up the spine injury the more function they lose.
Top causes of spinal injuries Car Wrecks Falls Violence and Sports injuries
When rolling Roll towards you put arm closest to you up. support neck with your hand in a underhanded grip
Created by: HaileeMcRoy