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Social studies

4th Cumulative Review We the people

natural rights the rights to life, liberty, and property, which everyone should have
Bill of Rights the first ten Amendments to the Constitution
citizen a person who is a member of a political body, such as a nation or a state
colony a settlement or territory ruled be another country
conflict a struggle among differing ideas
constitution a set of rules and laws that tells how a government is organized and run
Declaration Of Independence the statement which gives the reasons why the colonists wanted to free themselves from British rule. It was signed by Congress on July 4, 1776
democracy a form of government in which power is held by the people
immigrant a person who leaves his or her native land to settle in another country
law a bill that has been passed by the legislature an sighned by the President
population the number of people living in an area
Preamble the introduction to the Constitution
representatives people elected to act for us and make decisions for us
slavery ownership of human beings as property
trade the buying and selling of goods
veto the power of the President to refuse to approve a bill passed by Congress
plantations large farms usually found in the Southern states
self-sufficient able to provide for most of their own needs
state of nature a situation in which there is no government, rules or laws
treaty an official agreement between two or more countries
Supreme Court highest court of our national government
discriminate to treat someone unfairly because of such things as race, religion, or gender
segregation to separate people in schools and other public places according to things such as race
United Nations an international organization created in 1945 to maintain peace and security for its members
What is our Constitution? The supreme law of the land
What documents explain the major ideas of our government and tells some of the ideals of our country? The Declaration of Independence
What war occurred between the British and the American colonies in 1775? The American Revolution
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence and when was it approved Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence that was approved on July 4, 1776
The system of checks and balances keeps each branch from becoming too powerful
The Philadelphia Convention *was in Philadelphia *was attended by white men *was where the ideas for the Constitution were discussed and written *Each state has one vote at the Convention
Important delegates at the Philadelphia Convention who helped to write the Constitution George Washington, James Madison, and Benjamin Franklin
What were the main parts of the Great Compromise? Congress has two parts (Senate and House of Representatives. Each state has two representative n the Senate. In the House, the number of representatives depends on the number of people living in that state.
Slavery ended as a result of what war? Civil War
What are the three branches of government? Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
Legislative Branch Makes laws
Executive Branch Makes sure laws are carried out
Judicial Branch Make sure laws are carried out fairly
_______ is the legislative branch of our national government Congress
Who is the head of the national executive branch? President
Who is the head of the state executive branch? Governor
The highest court of our national government is the Supreme Court
Powers of national government tax people to support national government. declare and conduct war. control trade between states and with other nations. create post offices, and coin money
Powers of state government tax people to support state government, create public schools, control trade within the state, make motor vehicle and traffic laws, make laws regulating marriage and divorce
Who was the important Civil Rights leader that gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech? Martin Luther King, Jr.
The freedom of expression guarantees what rights? Freedoms of speech, press, assembly, and petition
If we want to protect our rights and welfare, we, the people, have certain _________ to fulfill responsibilities
You can participate in government be keeping ________ about what your government is doing and by _______in your community informed; volunteering to help people
What are some ways to keep informed about the government? Read newspapers, magazines and responsible sites on the internet, listen to the news on radio and television, talk with your parents and friends, write to members of government.
Created by: svlincoln