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NIC Med term 1 & 2

ed2go Medical terms NIC chapter 1 & 2

abdominal cavity (ab-DOM-ih-nal) Abdomen, contains primarily the major organs of digestion
abdominocentesis (ab-dom-ih-noh-sen-TEE-sis) abdomen + surgical puncture to remove fluid for diagnostic purposes
acronym (ACK-roh-nim) A word formed from the initial letters of other words
acute has a rapid onset, severe course, short duration
aden/o gland
adenectomy (ad-eh-NECK-toh-mee) gland + surgical removal
adenocarcinoma (ad-eh-noh-kar-sih-NOH-mah) gland + cancer + malignant tumor; mass
adenoma (ad-eh-NOH-mah) gland + benign tumor; mass (resembles glandular tissue)
adenomalacia (ad-eh-noh-mah-LAY-shee-ah) gland + softening
adenosclerosis (ad-eh-noh-skleh-ROH-sis) gland + hardening
adip/o fat or fatty
-algia pain
anaplasia (an-ah-PLAY-zee-ah) change in structure of cells and orientation to each other
anatomy (ah-NAT-oh-mee) study of the structure of the body
angiography (an-jee-OG-rah-fee) blood vessel + record producing imagesanomaly
anomoly(ah-NOM-ah-lee) a deviation from normal
anter/o before
anterior (an-TEER-ee-or) relating to or situated in front
-aplasia (ah-PLAY-zee-ah) incomplete or faulty development of an organ or part
appendectomy (ap-en-DECK-toh-mee) appendix + surgical removal
arteriosclerosis (ar-tee-ree-oh-skleh-ROH-sis) artery + hardening
arthralgia (ar-THRAL-jee-ah) joint + pain
bloodborne transmission spread of disease through contact with blood or body fluids contaminated with blood
cardi/o heart
cardiac heart, pertaining to
caud/o tail or lower part of body
caudal (KAW-dal) toward the lower part of the body
centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o head
cephalic (seh-FAL-ick) toward the head
chromosomes (KROH-moh-sohmes) genetic structures within the nucleus
colostomy (koh-LAHS-toh-mee) colon + creation of artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface.
communicable disease (kuh-MEWnih-kuh-bul) transmitted from one person to another
congenital disorder (kon-JEN-ih-tahl) exists at the time of birth
cranium skull, portion of the skull that encloses the brain
cyan/o blue
cyanosis (sigh-ah-NOH-sis) blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood
cyt/o cell
cytology study of cells
cytoplasm (SIGH-toh-plazm) material within a cell but not part of nucleus
dermatologist (der-mah-TOL-oh-jist) skin + specialist of diagnosing and treating disorders
diagnosis (dye-ag-NOH-sis) identification of a disease
diarrhea (dye-ah-REE-ah) flow of frequent loose stools
distal (DIS-tal) situated farthest from the midline
dorsal (DOR-sal) back of the body or organ
dys- bad, difficult, painful
dysplasia (dis-PLAY-see-ah) abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues or organs
-ectomy surgical removal
edema (eh-DEE-mah) swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues
endarterial (end-ar-TEE-ree-al) interior or lining of an artery
endemic (en-DEM-ick) ongoing presence of disease, such as the common cold
endo- within
endocrine glands (EN-doh-krin) glands that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
epidemic (ep-ih-DEM-ick) sudden and widespread outbreak of a disease
epigastric region (ep-ih-GAS-trick) region above the stomach
eponym (EP-oh-nim) named for the person that discovered
erythr-/o Red
erythrocyte (eh-RITH-roh-sight) red + blood (mature red blood cell)
etiology (ee-tee-OL-oh-jee) study of the causes of diseases
exo out of
exocrine glands (ECK-soh-krin) Glands that secrete substances into ducts leading either to 0rgans or out of the body
fissure (FISH-ur) grove or crack like sore of the skin, normal fold in contours of the brain
fistula (FIS-tyou-lah) abnormal passage, usually between two organs, from organ to body surface
functional disorder produces symptoms with no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
gastr/o stomach
gastralgia (gas-TRAL-jee-ah) pain in the stomach
gastritis (gas-TRY-tis) stomach + inflammation
gastroenteritis (gas-troh-en-ter-EYE-tis) stomach + small intestine + inflammation
gastrosis (gas-TROH-sis) stomach + disease or abnormal condition
genetic disorder condition caused by an absent or defective gene
geriatrician (jer-ee-ah-TRISH-un) physician who specializes in older people
-graphy a picture or record
hemophilia (hee-moh-FILL-ee-ah) bleeding disorder which factors are missing to clot blood, from mother to son
hemorrhage (HEM-or-idj) loss of a large amount of blood
hepatomegaly (hep-ah-toh-MEG-ah-lee) liver + abnormal enlargement
hist/o tissue
histology (hiss-TOL-oh-jee) study of tissues
homeostasis (hoh-mee-oh-STAY-sis) process that the body maintains a constant internal environment
hyper- excessive or increased
hyperplasia (high-per-PLAY-zee-ah) enlargement of an organ or tissue due to abnormal increase of cells in the tissue
hypertension (high-per-TEN-shun) elevated blood pressure
hypertrophy (high-PER-troh-fee) enlargement of a part/organ due to increase in size w/no additional cells in the tissues
hypo- deficient, decreased
hypogastric region (high-poh-GAS-trick) area of the abdomen located below the stomach
hypoplasia (high-poh-PLAY-zee-ah) incomplete development of an organ or tissue due to deficiency in number of cells
hypotension (high-poh-TEN-shun) lower than normal blood pressure
iatrogenic illness (eye-at-roh-JEN-ick) side effects from medication
idiopathic disorder (id-ee-oh-PATH-ick) illness without a known cause
infection (in-FECK-shun) invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
infectious disease (in-FECK-shus) illness caused by bacterium, virus or fungus
inflammation (in-flah-MAY-shun) heat, redness, swelling and pain
inguinal (ING-gwih-nal) entire lower part of the abdomen referred to as the groin
interstitial (in-ter-STISH-al) between, but not within, the parts of tissue
intramuscular (in-trah-MUS-kyou-lar) within, inside + muscle
-itis inflammation
laceration (lass-er-AY-shun) torn or ragged wound
lesion (LEE-zhun) pathologic change in the tissues due to disease or injury
leuk/o white
leukocyte (LOO-koh-sight) blood, white blood cell
medial (MEE-dee-al) direction toward, or nearer, the midline
Melan/o black
melanosis (mel-ah-NOL-sis) Tissue or organs, condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in the body or organs
mesentery (MESS-en-terr-ee) fused double layer of the parietal peritoneum attaching the intestine to the abdominal wall
midsagittal plane (mid-SADJ-ih-tal) a vertical line that divides the left and right side of the body
mycosis (my-KOH-sis) condition or disease caused by a fungus
myelopathy (my-eh-LOP-ah-thee) pathologic condition of the spinal cord
myopathy (my-OP-ah-thee) pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
myorrhexis (my-oh-RECK-sis) muscle + rupture
natal (NAY-tal) pertaining to birth
neonatology (nee-oh-nay-TOL-oh-jee) new (newborn) + study of disorders
neur- nerve
neuritis (new-RYE-tis) nerve + inflammation
neuroplasty nerve + surgical repair
nosocomial infection (nos-oh-KOH-mee-al in- Infection acquired in a hospital or clinic
-ologist specialist
-ology the study of
osis abnormal condition or disease
ostomy surgical creation of an artificial opening
otomy surgical incision
otorhinolaryngology (oh-toh-rye-noh-lar-in-GOLoh-jee) ear + nose + throat + study of
palpation (pal-PAY-shun) physical examination
palpitation (pal-pih-TAY-shun) pounding or racing heart rhythm
pandemic (pan-DEM-ick) A disease outbreak occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide
path practitioner that emphasizes one aspect of a disease or its treatment
path/o disease, pathological
pathology (pah-THOL-oh-jee) disease + study of
pelvic cavity (PEL-vick) space formed by the hip bones
peritoneum (pehr-ih-toh-NEE-um) Membrane that protects/supports the organs located in the abdominal cavity.
peritonitis (pehr-ih-toh-NIGH-tis) Inflammation of the peritoneum
peylitis renal pelvis + inflammation
phalanges (fah-LAN-jeez) finger or toe bone, plural = more than one
phalanx (fah LAN-ex) finger or toe bone, singular = only one
phenylketonuria (fen-il-kee-toh-NEW-ree-ah) genetic disorder in which an essential digestive enzyme is missing
physiology (fiz-ee-OL-oh-jee) study of the functions of the body structures
-plasia formation
-plasty surgical repair
poli/o gray
poliomyelitis (poh-lee-oh-my-eh-LYE-tis) spinal cord, viral infection of the gray matter of thee spinal cord
poster/o back or toward the back
posterior (pos-TEER-ee-or) situated in back
prognosis (prog-NOH-sis) prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
prostate (PROS-tayt) male gland under bladder & surrounds the urethra
proximal (PROCK-sih-mal) situated nearest the midline
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis, part of the kidney
pyoderma (pye-oh-DER-mah) pus + derma, acute/inflammatory/pus bacterial skin infection
pyr/o fever or fire
pyrosis (pye-ROH-sis) fever + abnormal condition or disease
remission temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of symptoms of disease without achieved a cure
retroperitoneal (ret-roh-pehr-ih-toh-NEE-al) Located behind the peritoneum of the abdominal cavity
rrhage bleeding or severe bleeding (
-rrhaphy surgical suturing to close wound
-rrhea flow or discharge of most body fluids
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
sign objective evidence of disease, can be evaluated by others
-stasis control
stem cells Unspecialized cells that renew themselves for long periods of time through cell division
supination (soo-pih-NAY-shun) rotate arm so palm is forward or upward
suppuration (sup-you-RAY-shun) formation or discharge of pus
supracostal (sue-prah-KOS-tal) above or outside + rib
symptom (SIMP-tum) subjective evidence of disease such as pain or headache
syndrome (SIN-drohm) set of signs and symptoms together as part of a specific disease process
thoracic cavity (thoh-RAS-ick) cavity that protects the heart and the lungs; also known as the chest
tonsill/o tonsils
tonsillectomy tonsils + surgical removal of
tonsillitis (ton-sih-LYE-tis) tonsils + inflammation of
transverse plane (trans-VERSE) horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions
trauma (TRAW-mah) wound or injury
triage (tree-AHZH) screening patient for priority and treatment
umbilicus (um-BILL-ih-kus) umbilical cord was attached before birth
vector-borne transmission spread of a disease due to the bite of a vector capable of transmitting that disease
ventral (VEN-tral) Front or belly side of the body or organ or anterior
viral (VYE-ral) pertaining to virus
Created by: sandra8704