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GAT Final

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QuestionAnswer
What was the name of the professor of Arabic at the University of Oxford who wrote two books in Latin about games – De Historia Shahiludii (1689) and De Historia Herdiludii (1694)? Thomas Hyde
What are the top two toy companies in the United States by market share? Mattel and Hasbro.
What two American game companies were the biggest influences on the development of the Euro Game movement? 3M Games and Avalon Hill.
Who were the two designers of 3M Games that most influenced later Euro Game designers? Sid Sackson and Alex Randolph.
Identify at least one of the three main factors that drove the development of the Euro Game market. Spiel de Jahres award or Essen Spiel convention or lack of television and entertainment methods.
Name at least three winners of the Spiel des Jahres prize. Hare and Tortoise, The Settlers of Catan and Dominion
What was the first winner of the Spiel des Jahres prize in 1979? Hare and Tortoise.
Identify at least two of the top five American publishers of Euro Games. Mayfair Games, Rio Grande Games and Queen Games.
What game published in 1995 greatly expanded the reach and importance of the Spiel des Jahres and sparked a Euro Game invasion of the United States that has forever changed the board game hobby industry in this country with over 10 million copies sold? The Settlers of Catan
What device was patented in 1947 by Thomas Goldsmith and Estle Mann but was never commercialized? Cathode Ray Tube Amusement Device
In 1958, what scientist at Brookhaven National Laboratories invented a game that ran on an oscilloscope and was a precursor to Pong? William Higinbotham
In 1961, the Tech Model Railroad Club at MIT created what game for the PDP-1 which was influential on the earliest developments in the arcade and video game industry? Spacewar!
In 1971, Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney created what derivative version of the Tech Model Railroad Club’s game that was designed for the arcade? Computer Space
What company was originally founded in 1971 as Syzygy Engineering but changed its name in 1972 due to trademark issues before incorporating in that same year? Atari
What was the first home console system published by Magnavox in 1972 based on Ralph Baer’s Brown Box prototype? Odyssey
What game did Nolan Bushnell assign to a new engineer, Al Alcorn, as a training exercise based on a game he had seen in the Magnavox home console, but was so good that he decided to publish as an arcade game? Pong
In 1974, Nolan Bushnell sold Atari Japan to the Japanese coin-op manufacturer and distributor, Nakamura Manufacturing founded in 1955, which later changed its name to what well-known arcade company in 1977? Namco
From 1973 to 1978, Atari operated what fake competitor that was actually a wholly owned subsidiary in order to open distribution channels that would normally require exclusivity? Kee Games
What retail company was the initial exclusive distributor for Home Pong? Sears
What company purchased Atari in 1976 to give the company the necessary capital to produce the Atari 2600? Warner Communications (edit)
Name at least one game that is rendered with vector graphics? Lunar Lander
What did Fairchild Semiconductor rename their Fairchild VES console to in 1977 after the launch of the Atari VCS? Channel F
What was the first handheld console with interchangeable cartridges published by Milton Bradley in 1977? MicroVision
What console released in 1982 featured a near-perfect port of Donkey Kong as a pack-in title? Coleco Vision
Name of the second generation console released by Mattel Electronics that was the first 16-bit console with downloadable games, real-time voice speech synthesizer, built in character font, and influenced the design of controllers. Intellivision
What console released in 1982 distributed by Milton Bradley was the only vector-based home console? Vectrex
What game released in 1978 by Taito launched the Golden Age of Arcade games? Space Invaders
What console system launched in the US in 1985 spelled the end of the Golden Age of Arcade games? NES
What landmark arcade game launched in 1980 by Namco inspired a song by Buckner & Garcia? Pac-Man
Name at least two factors that caused the Video Game Crash of 1983? Crappy games like E.T. the Extra-Terrestial and competition from home computers (they had better games)
What game designed by Shigeru Miyamoto and released in 1981 was placed in Radar Scope cabinets after Radar Scope’s commercial failure? Donkey Kong
What Sega console released in 1985 became the hardware basis for the Sega Game Gear in 1990? Sega Master System
What Fourth Generation console system designed by NEC and Hudson Soft was the first to have an optional CD module and was the smallest console ever made? Turbo Grafx-16
What Sega console released in the US in 1989, but released a year earlier in Japan as the Sega Mega Drive? Genesis
What SNK console system released to retail in 1991 was architected to be similar to the SNK arcade games of the time and was originally intended only for small businesses at the $650 price point? Neo Geo
What Fourth Generation 16-bit Nintendo system was only released in 1990 due to the erosion of Nintendo’s market share to other more modern consoles? SNES
What CD-ROM based Fifth Generation system was produced by Panasonic, Sanyo, and Goldstar which did not do well thanks to its $700 price tag? 3DO Interactive Multiplayer
What Atari console released in 1993 only sold 250,000 units worldwide? Atari Jaguar
What CD-ROM based Fifth Generation console started life as a proposed CD-ROM add-on for NES, but after Nintendo backed out of the deal was turned into a full standalone console. PlayStation
What was the last cartridge-based console developed by Nintendo that had Super Mario 64 as a launch game? Nintedo 64
What 1998 Sega console was the first to feature a built-in modem and internet browsing software? Dreamcast
What is the all-time best selling console system released in 2000 and still being produced with a library of more than 5000 games? PlayStation 2
What console released by Microsoft in 2001 featured the first built-in hard drive? Xbox
Name one of the three Seventh Generation consoles. PlayStation 3
What was the first game that could be described as a platformer, although it did not include jumping, that was released in 1980? Space Panic
What game that popularized the platformer genre released in 1981 featured Jumpman as the main character, although the designer originally conceived of him as Mr. Video, a character that would have cameo appearances in many games? Donkey Kong
What character became the platform mascot for Nintendo? Mario
What character became the platform mascot for Sega? Sonic the Hedgehog
What character became the platform mascot for the PlayStation? Crash Bandicoot
What platformer released in 1986 featured the main character Samus who wears a Power Suit? Metroid
In 1991, Trip Hawkins left EA to form what EA-spinoff console manufacturer? The 3DO Company
What is another name for the term “interactive fiction” (hint: not “IF”)? Text Adventures
What are the two most important games from the Early Era of interactive fiction (1975-1979)? Adventure and Zork
What are the two most important companies of the Commercial Era of interactive fiction (1979 -1993)? Adventure International Infocom
What employee of Bolt, Beranek and Newman on the ARPANET team created Adventure for his kids? Will Crowther
What PhD student at Stanford University found Adventure and decided to greatly expand it and, as a result, raised the game from relative obscurity to become a phenomenon on mainframe computers all over the world? Don Woods
What was the most important innovation of Zork? Full sentence english parser
What is the first game by Adventure International (which many people consider the first game company) that was developed for the TRS-80 Model I personal computer Adventureland
What are the two main components of a Z-Machine for running Infocom games? Game file (Z Code) and Z Code Interpreter
What is at least one advantage of the Z-Machine architecture? Faster Development or Small Game size or Platform Independence.
Name at least two Infocom games Zork I
What was the first graphical adventure game released in 1980 by On-Line Systems? Mystery House
What graphic adventure released in 1984 by Sierra On-Line set new standards for graphics and animations and ultimately led to the end of the Commercial Era for interactive fiction? King's Quest
Infocom was purchased in 1989 by what company after the failure of their database product, Cornerstone? Activision
What are the two main development systems of modern interactive fiction (no version number)? TADS and Inform(not sure of this answer!!)
What game bundle released in 1992 rekindled interest in interactive fiction and kick started the Modern Era of interactive fiction? The Lost Treasures of Infocom
Roy Trubshaw created what online game after playing a variant of Zork in 1978 that he passed development of to Richard Bartle in 1980? MUD
In 1978, Alan E. Kleitz wrote a game called Milieu for a mainframe that he later ported to an IBM XT and renamed to what? Scepter of Goth
In 1985, Neil Newell started developing what game inspired by MUD1 that became a commercial game on the British Telecom’s Prestel and Micronet networks? SHADES
Name at least two of the four main MUD families TinyMUD and DikuMUD
In 1981, Kelton Flinn and John Taylor founded Kesmai to publish what six-player game? Dungeons of Kesmai
In 1999, Kesmai was purchased by what game company before being shut down in 2001? Electronic Arts
What game published in 1989 by Simutronics is the longest-running commercial MUD in the world? Gemstone III/IV
What does MUD stand for? Multi-user Dungeon
In 2010, Simutronics sold to Idea Fabrik what MMO game engine that had been developed for their own canceled Hero’s Journey MMO? Hero Engine
What test of gamer psychology based on a 1996 paper identifies what mix of four personality types that a player is: Achievers, Explorers, Socializers, or Killers? Bartle Test
What graphical adventure game developed in 1980 by Michael Toy and Glenn Wichman with procedurally generated ASCII dungeons went on to inspire a variety of clones and derivative games? Rogue
Silicon & Synapse was renamed after their sale to Davidson & Associates to what name? Blizzard Entertainment
John Smedley championed the creation of what hugely popular online game that began development in 1996 and released in 1999? Everquest
Richard Garriott created what online roleplaying game that released in 1997? Ultima Online
What game released in 2004 took EverQuest’s place as the most popular online game with over 12 million players by creating an easier, more accessible game? World of Warcraft
In his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, Joseph Campbell popularized a structure of mythic storytelling known as what? Hero's Journey
David Siegel popularized what story structure that has been used in every blockbuster movie of the last 25 years except Forrest Gump? 9 Act Structure
List four of the acts in the story structure that David Siegel popularized Commitment, Go for the wrong goal, Something bad happens, and Meet the hero.
What are the two most notable series in the Early RPG era of computer RPGs? Ultima and Wizardry
What early RPG introduced the party system and 3D wireframe graphics? Wizardry
Name at least one D&D Gold Box game published by SSI. Secret of the Silver Blades
What notable computer RPG published in 1983 published by Origin went on to spark the Japanese RPG market? Ultima III
What game by Henk Rogers of Bullet-Proof Software published in 1983 introduced the concept of computer RPGs to the Japanese game market? The Black Onyx
What game by Yuji Horii of Enix led Japan’s reinvention of the RPG in 1986 and spawned 8 sequels? Dragon Quest
What game by Hironobu Sakaguchi of Square in 1987 was thematically darker than Enix’s game, but went on to spawn 13 sequels and numerous spin-offs? Final Fantasy
What game published in 1986 did Shigeru Miyamoto create with Takashi Tezuka that showcased a world of caves, waterfalls, forests, and artifacts? The Legend of Zelda
The first version of what flying game was released in 1980 by SubLogic and designed by Bruce Artwick and Stu Moment? Flight Simulator
What popular flight combat game that developed a strong modder community was released by Dynamix in 1997 for the PC? Red Baron II (edit)
What classic educational game developed in 1971 by three student teachers for the HP2100 minicomputer tells the story of Wild West pioneers and has since been ported to many different systems with over 65 million units sold? The Oregon Trail
What management game by Dan(ielle) Bunten, considered by many to be one of the all-time best designed games, features a real-time auction mechanic and both competition and cooperation? M.U.L.E.
What tycoon game released in 1999 was a spiritual successor to Theme Park by Peter Molyneux? Rollercoaster Tycoon
What 1978 arcade sports game by Atari featured a trackball but had its release overshadowed by the release of Space Invaders? Atari Football
What Electronic Arts title was so often postponed that it was referred to as Trip’s Folly before it finally released in 1989 and went on to create a franchise that would earn over $3 billion? John Madden Football
What over-the-top snowboarding game released in 2001 by EA was one of the killer apps for that Christmas season that catapulted the PlayStation 2 into the dominant console of the 6th generation? SSX Tricky
What landmark laserdisc arcade game by Don Bluth published by Cinematronics in 1983 introduced the concept of interactive movies to the US market? Dragon's Lair
What company drove the development of interactive movies in the mid-to-late 1980s after their first release, Defender of the Crown, showcased the graphical power of the new Commodore Amiga? Cinemaware
What landmark 1989 Apple II game by Jordan Mechner drew on film techniques by borrowing storytelling techniques from silent movies and by rotascoping frames of animation from film of his brother running and climbing around a New York City parking lot? Prince of Persia
What 1990 game by Chris Roberts of Origin Systems marked the restoration of the PC as a gaming powerhouse that required many people to upgrade their computers in order to play? Wing Commander
In what 1993 game by Cyan that drove the adoption of CD-ROM drives in PCs, do you play as The Stranger? Myst
Graeme Devine and Rob Landeros founded Trilobyte to create what cutting edge scary CD-ROM game that featured live video, released in 1993? The 7th Guest
What was the first arcade driving game released by Atari in 1974? Gran trak 10
What 1976 arcade driving game introduced the (mostly) first-person driving perspective to the US and was based on the driving simulator Nürburgring/1 released earlier that year in Germany? Night Driver
What 1997 racing game for PlayStation was considered the premiere simulation game among Fifth Generation consoles? Gran Turismo
What 1993 coin-op racing game is one of the highest grossing arcade games of all time and can still be found in arcades today? Daytona USA
What Will Wright game released for the Macintosh in 1989 opened the flood gates for a new type of game that rejected stories and goals for open-ended play? SimCity
What Peter Molyneux game originated the term “god game” and allowed you to raise and lower land masses and to perform acts of god (floods, volcanoes, earthquakes, etc.)? Populous
What 2000 Will Wright game that allowed you to manage the lives of little computer people was a mega-blockbuster? The Sims
What Will Wright game released in 2008 allowed you to simulate evolution from microbe to galactic empire? Spore
What seminal space trading game released in 1984 for the BBC Micro is considered to be the first sandbox game? Elite
What game based on Id Software’s first 3D texture-mapped game, Catacomb 3-D, became the bestselling shareware hit yet released and formed the basis for the first licensed engine in the game industry in 1993? Wolfenstein 3D
What 1996 music-based PlayStation game created by Masaya M was a significant seller kickstarted the music-based and beat matching genre of arcade games in Japan and ultimately lead to the creation of games such as Guitar Hero and Rock Band? Parappa the Rapper
What landmark 1982 racing game was Namco’s answer to Sega’s game, Turbo? Pole Position
Created by: Brocas on 2012-11-29



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