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Chapter 16 BB

A light, fast sailing ship Caravel
Prince Henry, the son of King John 1 of Portugal Henry the Navigator
Set out for India in 1947 Vasco da Gama
Believed he could sail west around the world from Spain to reach China Christopher Columbus
Decided to sail west around the world Ferdinand Magellan
Sail completely around the world Circumnavigate
The English queen sent him to round the tip of South America and explore its west coast Sir Francis Drake
Set out to the north, hoping to find a north passage around Europe Henry Hudson
System to the Caribbean Encomienda
Led the expedition to Mexico that ended with the conquest of the Aztec Empire Hernan Cortes
Conqueror Conquistador
At the time of the Spanish arrival in Mexico, the Aztec emperor was ___ Moctezuma 2
Led an expedition to Peru Franciso Pizarro
Had only just taken control of the empire when the spanish arrived Atahualpa
Each of whom ruled a large area in the king's name Viceroys
The most vocal of these reformers was a priest named ___ Bartolome de Las Casas
Drew an imaginary line through the Atlantic Treaty of Tordesillas
What historians called the global transfer Colombian Exchange
Europeans developed a new type of economic policy Mercantilism
A country would receive more gold and silver from other nations than it paid them Balance of trade
Grants of money, to help business people start new industries Subsidies
The economic system expanded Capitalism
Investors began to pool their money into ___ to found ever-larger businesses Joint-stock companies
Estates where cash crops such as sugar or tobacco were grown on a large scale Plantations
Captured Africans were marched to slave ships where they became part of a network Triangular trade
Second leg, brought Africans to the Americas to be sold as slaves Middle passage
One African, later wrote about these horrific conditions Olaudah Equiano
As a result of slave trade, people of African descent spread throughout the Americas and Western Europe African Diaspora
Created by: Briannabush