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Health Occupations

Ch. 10 infection process

Word / QuestionAnswer / Definition
infection control to prevent to spread of infectious diseases
pathogens diseasing causing micro-organisms
microorganisms very small, usually one-celled living plants or animals
immune response a specific defense used by the body to fight infection and disease by producing antibodies
antibodies proteins that combat pathogens
antibiotic medications capable of inhibiting the growth of or destroying microorganisms
normal flora microorganisms that reside in a particular environment on or in the body
symbiosis where a host benefits
neutralism where no damange or benefits are given to a host
parasitic damage is done to the host
parasite an organism that nourishes itself at the expense of other living things that causes them damage
microbe microorganism that is pathogenic
bacteria one-celled plants that can be either pathogenic or nonpathogenic
viruses smallest of the microbes, aren't
fungi gruop of simple plants, yeast - one-celled, mold multi-celled
rickettsia <bacteria, rod or spherical shapes
protozoa animal, one-celled, in and on body, decayed materials, feces, diarrhea
chain of infection infectious agent, reservoir host, portal of exit, route of transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host
defense mechanisms cilia, coughing, sneezing, tear, HCl, fever, leukocytes, mucous
leukocytes white blood cells
regulatory agencies Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
asepsis methods used to make patient, worker, and environment as pathogen-free as possible
aseptic techinque medical asepsis(clean technique), surgical asepsis (sterile technique)
breaking chain of infection handwashing, avoiding contact, good hygiene, gloves
Standard Precautions procedures develpoed by CDC stay away from anything sticky and wet that isn't yours
handwash when coming on duty, taking break, leaving work, between patient contacts, b4 putting on gloves, removing gloves, b4 and after touching face, contact with contaminated
transmissions blood-born, direct contact, indirect contact, droplet
antiseptics mild enough to use on skin
disinfectants don't penetrate skin
sterilization destroy all microorganisms