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Chapters 1-5

Word partMeaning
gastr- stomach
cardi- heart
megal- enlarged
-itis inflammation
dermat- skin
plast- surgical repair
cerebr- brain
path- disease
-ectomy surgical removal
enter- intestines (usually small)
-osis any condition
-otomy cut into
aden- gland
angi- vessel
-oma tumor
nephr- kidney
hepat- liver
arthr- joint
blephar- eyelid
-ologist specialist
rhin- nose
gingiv- gum
-malacia soft
-ology the study of
spasm involuntary contraction
ic, -al, -ac pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-y the act of or result of an action; a condition or quality
-ia a disease; an unhealthy state or condition
-um noun ending; used to form the name of a thing from the root
-is noun ending; used to form the name of a thing from the root
adenic pertaining to a gland or the glands
adenoma tumor with a glandlike structure
-plasty surgical repair of
gastr/o/enter/ic a pertains to the stomach and intestine
gingiv/itis an inflammation of the gums
hepat/o/ology the study of the liver
gastr/o/enter/itis inflammation of the stomach and the intestine
nephr/o/malacia a softening of the kidney
hepat/o/megal/y an enlargement of the liver
nephr/osis condition of the kidney
path/ologist specialist in the study of disease
dermat/ology study of the skin
gastr/osis condition of the stomach
nephr/otomy surgical creation of an opening into the kidney
cerebr/o/pathy disease of the brain
gingiv/o/plasty plastic or surgical removal of the brain
rhin/al pertaining to the nose
entr/o/spasm involuntary contraction of the intestine
-algia pain
crani- skull
end- inside, within
hemi- half
oid- like
hyper- above, more than normal
cyst- sac containing fluid
chole- bile
hypo- under
-scop- observe
hyster- unterus, womb
-ostomy create an opening
para- beside, beyond
-lysis loosening, destruction
cervic- neck
chondr- cartilage
cyan- blue
hem, hemat, em blood
ost- bone
psycho- mind
lip- fat
my- muscle
lith- stone
ophthalm- , opt- eye
proct- anus
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-cle small; little
-e means of; instructment for
-an, -ian of or belonging to
-ide a terminal used in the naming of chemical compounds
-ist one who partices
-ium noun ending
-ule small, little
-ular pertaining to
my/algia pain in a muscle
cervic/itis inflammation of the neck of the uterus
chole/cyst/ectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
chondr/al pertaining to or of the cartilage
crani/o/puncture surgical puncture of the skull
cyan/o/derma bluish discoloration of the skin
cystalgia pain in the urinary bladder
end/o/cardi/al pertaining to within the heart
hem/ic pertaining to blood
hemi/hepat/ectomy surgical removal of the part of the liver
hyper/algia excessive pain
hypo/hepat/ia deficient function of the liver
hyster/ectomy surgical removal of the uterus
my/o/lip/oma tumor made up of fat and muscular element
hepat/o/megal/y enlargdment of the liver
lithic pertaining to a stone
angi/o/my/oma tumor comprised of blood vessel and muscular element
cystoid like a cyst
ophthalm/ologist specialist in the study of the eye
oste/o/arthr/o/pathy disease of the joint and bone
gastr/o/enter/ostomy surgical creation of a passage between the stomach and intestine
para/cyst/itis inflammation of the tissues around the urinary bladder
procto/plast/y surgical repair of the anus
psych/ic pertaining to the mind
scope an instrument for observation
cost- rib
-gram record
acro- extermities
rhexis break, burst
carcin- cancer
-penia decrease
gen- original, production
burso- sac
retr(o) backwards
trip- rub, friction
strept- twist
-desis binding
mani- madness
glosso- tongue
-trophy development
supra- above
-ptosis falling
-dyn pain
mast- breast
-rrhaphy suture
dent- teeth
cephal- head
auto- self
epi- upon
hydro- water
-ate to perform
-ac affected by, having
-ad toward, in the direction of
-form having the same form
-ion action-
-ior roughly meaning "more toward"
-or action; result
-ous full of
-ure result of an action
acro/cyan/osis blue coloring of the extermities
auto/lysis disintegration of tissue due to cases within patient's own body
burs/itis inflammation of the bursa that are closed sac containing fluid that lay between surfaces that slide over one another
aden/o/carcin/oma cancerous tumor composed of grandular like cells
chondr/o/cost/al pertaining to rib and rib cartilege
dent/al pertaining to teeth
arthr/o/desis fussion of a joint
epi/derm/is pertaining to outter skin
path/o/gen producing of disease
gloss/o/scop/y observing of the tongue
cardi/o/gram record of the heart
hydro/cyst sac filled with water
megal/o/mani/a largeness with or for obession
mast/ectomy removal of all or part of the breast
acr/odyn/ia pain in the extremities
hydro/penia dificiency of water in the body
blephar/o/ptosis drooping of an eyelid
tero/cardi/ac behind the heart
myo/rrhaphy sture of a muscle
hyster/o/rrhexis rupture of the uterus
strept/o/coccus infectious microorganism
supra/hepat/ic pertaining to or of the location above the liver
lith/o/tripsy crushing of a stone in the urinary bladder
hyper/trophy excessive development
lobo- section
-emesis vomiting
contra- against, counter
-iasis condition
trans- through, across
brady- slow
-ectasis expansion
cyt- cell
odont- tooth
leuk- white
cantho- angle at the end of the eyelid
steno- narrow, contracted
cheil- lip
-cele hernia
benign mild, not cancerous
semen seed
celio- abdomen
erthro- red
vaso- vessel
melan- black
cauda- tail
lingua- tongue
myring- eardrum
spondyl- spinal column
-a noun ending
-ae plural ending for words ending in -a
-ant pertaining to
-ation a process, action, or condition
-esis condtition or process
-ly in a manner, in a way, toward
-tic pertaining to
cholecyst gallbladder
cystalgia pain the urinary bladder
benign tumor harmless tumor
brady/card/ia abnormally slowness heartbeat
canth/al corner of the eye
caud/al/ward toward the back end
my/o/ele muscle hernia
celi/otomy opening into the abdomen
cheil/o/carcin/oma cancerous tumor of the lip
contra/stimulant against stimulation
hem/o/cyte blood cell
angi/ectasis beyond normal expansion of a blood vessel
chol/emesis vomiting of bile
erythr/o/cyst/o/penia dificiency of red blood cell
an/esthesi/ology branch of medicine that specializes in the science of bringing about the loss of feeling
lith/iasis condition characterized by the formation of stone
leuk/o/cyt/e white blood cell
lingu/al pertaining to or of the tongue
lob/ectomy surgical incision of a lobe
melan/osis condition of desposits of black pigment
myring/o/scop/y observing of the eardrum using a myringoscope
odont/ic pertains to or of the tooth
semenology study of seed
spondy/lous pertaining to or of a vertebra or the spinal column
steno/sis narrow of passage usually of a duct or canal
trans/derm/ic pertains to across the skin
vaso/dilator dilation of a blood vessel
ovar- egg
-centesis puncture
oto- ear
bili- bile
squam- scale
cec- blind passage
macul- spot
-pexy suspension
onco- tumor
or- mouth
sub- under
spiro- coil
lacrim- tear
viscero- organ
lact- milk
onych- nail, claw
thorac- chest
pyle- gate
vesic- bladder
sphenic- bladder
myel- marrow, spinal cord
anti- against
myco- fungus
hallux- great toe (big toe)
-es plural ending similar to -s
-id pertaining to; "being"
-ness state; quality
-us noun ending
antacid substance that counteracts or neutralizes acidity
-esthetic pertaining to feeling
-esthesia a "feeling of"
anesthes- lack of feeling
opt/esthesia the ability to see
eme/tic that which causes vomiting such as a drug
erythr/algia a condition marked by pain and redness of the skin
erythrocytopenia low number of red blood cell
erythrocythemia high number of red blood cell
anti/gen a substance when introduced into the body stimulates the production of an opposing stustance known as an antibody
bili/ary pertaining to or of the bile
cec/um large pouch, having only one opening, located at the begining of the large intestine
arthr/o/centesis surgical puncture of a joint
lacrimal glands secrete tear
lact/e/al pertains to or of milk
macul./a spot
mening/itis inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
myco/sis condition of fungus
oste/o/myel/itis inflammation of a bone and its bone marrow
mast/onc/us a tumor of the breast or mammary gland
leuk/oncy/ia whitish spots or discoloration of the nail
circum/or/al area around the mouth
par/ot/id situated near the ear
ovari/o/gen/ic produced in the ovary
gastr/o/pylor/ectomy surgical incision of the portion of the stomach containing the opening into the intestines
sphen/ic pertained to being wedged shaped
spir/oid resembling a coil
squam/ous pertains to being scaly
sub/lingu/al located beneath the tongue
thorac/ic/o/abdomin/al pertaining to or of the abdomin and the chest
vesica general term for a bladder
viscer/al internal organ especially in the abdomen
anti/emet/ic preventing or relieving nausea and vomitting
arthr/o/centesis surgical puncture of a join
mening/itis inflammation of the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord
blephar/onc/us tumor of the eyelid
hyster/o/pexy surgical fixation of the womb
cerebr/algia , cephal/algia head ache
gastralgia stomach ache
Created by: Tiffastic