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Combinging Forms, Prefixes, Sufixes & Abbrevations

acr/o extremity
adren/o adrenal glands
andr/o male
calc/o calcium
chrom/o colour
cortic/o cortex/outer region
crin/o secrete
cyt/o cell
gluc/o sugar, sweetness
glyc/o sugar, sweetness
glycos/o sugar, sweetness
gonad/o gonads, sex glands
gynec/o woman, female
home/o same, alike
hypophys/o pituitary glands
insulin/o insulin
kal/i potassium (electrolyte)
ket/o ketone bodies
lute/o yellow
medull/o medulla, inner section
melan/o black, dark
morph/o form, shape, structure
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands
pharmac/o drug
pineal/o pineal gland
ren/o kidney
somat/o body
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o thyroid gland
thyroid/o thyroid gland
toxic/o poison
-algia pain
-crine secrete
-dispia thirst
-ectomy surgical removal, excession
-emia blood condition
-gen, -genesis forming, producing, origin
-gram record, writing
-ism condition, state of
-logist specialist in study of
-logy study of
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis ab c/o
-ous P2
-phagia eating, swallowing
-physis growth
-scope instrument to view
-scopy visual examination
-stasis standing still
-tomy incision, process of cutting
-toxic poison, toxin
-trophy development, nourishment
-tropic stimulating, influence
-tropin stimulate
-uria urine
ad- toward
anti- against
bi- two
endo- in, within
epi- above, upon, on top
eu- good, normal, well
exo- outward, outside
hyper- excessive, above normal
hypo- below, defiecent, under
inter- between
mal- bad, poor
meta- change, beyond, after
pan- all, every, entire
para- near, beside, beyond
poli- gray, gray matter
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
semi- one half, half
tri- three
a.c. before meals
ABGs arterial blood gas (es)
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
Ad lib as desired
ADH antidiuretic hormone
AFB acid-fast bacillus
APTT activated partial thromboplastin time
AS left ear
AU both ears
b.i.d. twice a day
BE barium enema
BMI body mass index
BMR basal maetabolic rate
BUN blood urea nitrogen
c with
C culture and sensitivity
C crossmatch and type
cap capsule
CBC complete blood count
cc cubic centimetres
CK conductive keratoplasty
CO2 carbon dioxide
CRP C-reactive protein
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CXR chest xray
dc, DC discharge, discontinue
DI diabetes insipidus, diagnostic imaging
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DM diabetes mellitus
dr. dram
ECG electrocardiogram
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMG electromyography
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESR erythocyte sedimentation rate
FBS fasting blood sugar
fl. dr. fluid dram
fl. oz. fluid ounce
FSH follice stimulating hormone
GB/GBS gall bladder series
GH growth hormone
gr. grain
gtt, gtts drop
GTT glucose tolerance testing
Hb hemoglobin
HbA1c glycoytated hemoglobin
HBV hepatitis b virus
Hct hamatocrit
HDL high-density lipoprotein
HIV human immunodefiency virus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
hs half strength, @ bedtime
hs prn as required @ bedtime
IM intramuscular
INR international normalized ratio
IV intravenous
IV-GTT intravenous glucose tolerance testing
IVP intravenous pyelogram
K potassium
KUB kidney ureter bladder
LDH lactic dehydrogense
lb. pound
LDL low-density lipoprotein
LH luteinizing hormone
LP lumbar puncture
LS lumbosacral spine
MCH mean cell hemoglobin
MCHC mean cell hemoglobin concentration
MCV mean cell volume
Mg magnesium
mg/dl, mg/dL milligram per declitre
min. minim
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MSH melanocyte-stimulating hormone
Na sodium
NPH neutral protaime hagedorn (insulin)
NPO, n.p.o. nothing by mouth
O ova and parasites
OB occult blood
OD,od right eye, overdose, daily
OS left eye, by mouth
OU both eyes
oz. ounce
P phosphorus, pulse
p.o, po by mouth
p.r.n., prn as required
Pap pap smear, papanicolaou test
PBI protein bound iodine
pc, p.c. after meals
PCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PFT pulmonary function test
PGH pituitary growth hormone
PRL prolactin
PSA prostate-specific antigen
PT prothrombin time, physical therapy patient
pt. patient
PTH parathyroid hormone
PTT/aPTT/APTT partial thromboplastin time
q.2h every 2hrs
q.d. every day
q.h. every hour
q.i.d. four times daily
q.o.d. every other day
q_h every ? hours
qAM every morning
qhs every bedtime
qPM every evening
qs quantity sufficient
qt. quart
RAI radioactive iodine
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
RBC red blood cell
S sugar & acetone
SBF small bollow follow through
sc scruple
SGOT serum glutamic-oxaloacetic tranaminase
SGPT serum glutamic - pyruvic
SL sublingual
stat immediately
subcu, Sub-Q,subQ,s/c subcutaneous
T type and screen
t.i.d. three times daily
T3 triiodothyroxine
T4 thyroxine
tab tablet
TFT thyroid function test
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
U unit
UGI upper gastrointestinal series
US ultrasound
VDRL veneral disease research laboratory
VMA vanilylimandelic acid
WBC white blood cell count
Created by: whitless