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Chapter 3 - Skeletal

ankyl crooked,bent,or stiff
arthr joint
chondr cartilage
cost rib
crani skull
kyph bent, hump
lord curve, swayback bent
myel spinal cord, bone narrow
oss/e & oss/i Bone
osto/o & oste/o bone
scoli curve, bent
spondyl vertebrae, verterbral column, backbone
Synovi & Synov synovial membrane, synovial fluid
sub under, less, below
meta change, beyond, subsequent to, behind, after or next
-um singular noun ending
-lysis breakdown, seperation, setting free, destruction, loosening
-desis surgical fixation of bone or joint, to bind, tie together
acetabulum the large circular cavity in each side of the pelvis that articulates with the head of the femur to form the hip joint.
allogenic originating with another
ankylosing spondylitis a form of rheumatoid arthritis that primarily inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae.
arthrolysis the surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint
arthrodesis surgical function of the two bones to stiffen a joiont.
arthroscopy the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint
autologous originationg within an individual.
chondroma is a slow-growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells.
chondromalacia the abnormal softening of cartilage.
comminuted facture one in which the bone is splintered or crushed
compression fracture occurs when the bone is pressed together on itself.
costochondritis flammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the sternum.