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albany congress meetings between 7 colonies in 1754. discuess indians and defense against french
french and indian war 1754-1763. french and indians vs colonies of british america
treaty of paris 1763 ended french and indian war. signed by great britain, france and spain with portugal in agreement
pontiac ottawa leader in 1763-69. rebellion against british military after french and indian war
paxton boys frontiersmen who formed vigilante group to retaliate against indians in the aftermath of the french and indian war and pontiac's rebellion
proclamation of 1763 october 7, 1763. King George III following Great Britain's acquisition of French territory in North America after the end of the French and Indian War/Seven Years' War, forbade settlers from settling past a line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains
boston massacre march 5, 1770. british soldiers killed 5 civilian men and injured 6.
boston tea party political protest by sons of liberty against the tax policy. dec 16, 1773, officials refused to return taxed tea. colonists threw tea into the harbor
coercive acts laws by british parliament in 1774. 4 acts
continental congresses convention of delagates from 13 colonies that become governing body during the revolution
tories/loyalists tradtional and conservation political people / colonists loyal to great britain the revolutionary war
common sense Political pamphlet by Thomas Paine written just before the American Revolution. Paine made an impassioned argument that the colonies should break away from England and form their own nation. This helped to convince many Americans to support independence.
declaration of indepence july 4, 1776. america got their freedom from great britain
john adams 2nd. founding father. leader of american indepenance
george washington 1st president. founding father. commander in chief - revo war
thomas jefferson founding father. principal author of declaration. 3rd president.
articles of confederation agreement among states establishing the US as a confederation of sovereign states and served as its first constitution. nov 15, 1777
battle of saratoga turning point of the revo war. british and hessian troups surrender
bill of rights 1st 10 ammendments of constitution. most important rights
newburgh conspiracy 1783 officers and soldiers not receiving pay. congress gave them 5 years of pay
northwest ordinances creation of northwest terrority as the first organized territory of the US out of the region south of the great lakes, north and west of ohio river and east of missip river
culper ring spy ring by major tallmadge at height of revo war. main members samuel culper jr and sr
shay's rebellion uprising in central and west mass. in 1786-87. financial difficulties, credit sqeeze lack of hard currency,harsh policies, protesters
federalists and anti-federalists statesman and public figures supporting constition/washington
constitutional convention may 25-sep 17, 1787 addressing problems in governing the US which had been operating under the articles of confederation
3/5 compromise north and south states agreement that 3/5 of slaves would be counted for representation purposes of taxes and apportionment of the house of representatives. wilson and sherman
national bank 1st bank of US
federalists and republicans statesmen/public figures supporting the constitution/washington......
whiskey rebellion tax protest against US in 1791. whiskey farmers were forced to pay new tax
virtual representation no taxation without representation. stated that the members of Parliament spoke for the interests of all British subjects rather than for the interests of only the district that elected them
stamp act The act required that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London, carrying an embossed revenue stamp. 1765
sons of liberty american patriots. stated by sam adams. protect the rights of colonists and take to the streets against taxes from the usurpations by the british government after 1766
deborah sampson impersonated man to serve in the continental army
betsy ross Stitched the first US flag
alien and sedition acts 4 bills in 1798 after french revolution. naturalization-residence time period, alien-deport harmful, alien enemies-deported enemies, sedition-crime to diminish reputation
virginia and kentucky resolution stated alien and sedition acts were unconsitutional. argued for states' rights and strict constructionism of the constitution
tecumseh leader of the shawnee. opposed US in tecumseh's war and war of 1812
louisiana purchase purchasing 1803 miles of france's claim to the territory of louisiana. 50 mill $$
aaron burr 3rd vice pres. continental army officer in revo war then became lawyer and politican
lewis and clark expedition 1st transcontinental expedition to pacific coast. commissioned by thomas jefferson
embargo of 1807 prohibited commerce and trade against great britain and france during napoleonic wars by the US
war of 1812 between US and British Empire. caused by trade restrictions, impressment of american merchant sailors, british support of indians against expansion, annex canada
andrew jackson 7th pres. army general who defeated the creek indians at the battle of horseshoe bend
hartford convention event in 1814–1815 in the United States in which New England Federalists met to discuss their grievances concerning the ongoing War of 1812 and the political problems arising from the federal government's increasing power.
erie canal waterway from albany, NY to buffalo, NJ at lake erie
transcendentalism philosophical movement that developed in the 1830s and 1840s in the Eastern region of the United States as a protest to the general state of culture and society. believed organization of religion and political parties corrupt purity
fourierism philosophy of social reform developed by the French social theorist Charles Fourier that advocated the transformation of society into self-sufficient, independent “phalanges”
2nd great awakening protestant revival in early 19th C
alexander hamiltion Founding Father,[2] soldier, economist, political philosopher, one of America's first constitutional lawyers and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury.
joseph smith and the mormons founder of the latter day saint movement, the predominant branch of which is mormonism
shakers United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing. is a religious sect originally thought to be a development of the Religious Society of Friends
temperance movement is a social movement urging reduced or prohibited use of alcoholic beverages.
lowell textile mills mills combined the textile processes of spinning and weaving under one roof. 3/4 women workers
market revolution (1793–1909)drastic change in the manual labor system originating in the South. Traditional commerce was made obsolete by improvements in transportation and communication
middle class It was once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry of Europe
benevolent empire effort of various American Protestant denominations with the aim of developing missionary organizations to christianize America and the world at large. This movement was born in the early 19th century out of early American revivalism.
panic of 1819 1st major financial crisis in US. during era of good feelings. ended economic expansion and created new financial policies
Created by: griffi75