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Praxis II SS 0014

Historical Timeline

12,000 B.C.E. Asians migrated over the Bering Strait into North America
100 CE Hopewell culture established large trading network
300 CE Mayan city of Tikal established
800 CE Mayan cities collapsed
1325 Aztecs built to Tenochtitlan ( Mexico City)
1585 Roanoke Island colony established on the Virginia coast and then disappears
1607 Jamestown colony founded
1620 Plymouth colony founded
1630 Massachusetts Bay colony founded
1681 Pennsylvania established by William Penn
1754 French and Indian war began
1763 Pontiacs revolted. Treaty of Paris signed
1764 sugar act; currency act
1765 stamp act;(first direct tax placed on colonies and all printed media were required to have stamps) sons of liberty form
1770 Boston massacre
1773 Tea Act; tax break to East India Company.
1774 intolerable acts; Massachusetts government act; administration of Justice act; Boston Port act; quartering act; first Continental Congress convened
1775- 1783 American revolution began. the struggle of how the United States won independence from Great Britain. Battle of Bunker Hill.
1776 declaration of independence signed adopted by a 13, colony vote which led to an alliance with France. quartering act
1780 French army landed in Connecticut
1781 articles of Confederation
1783 Treaty of Paris ended the war
1787 new territories prohibited slavery. Constitutional convention held in Philadelphia
1788 Federalist papers published. Constitution ratified and made the law of the land
1789 1789-1797 George Washington federal court system established ( Judiciary act)
1791 bill of rights approved
1794 1797-1801 John Adams whiskey rebellion
1802 1801-1809 Thomas Jefferson Louisiana purchase
1804 Louis and Clark expedition
1812- 1814 Congress declared war on Britain. ( war of 1812) 1809-1817 James Madison Congress declared war upon Great Britian which resulted in increased national patriotism united the state into one nation built confidence in US military strength and brought fourth the Star-Spangled Banner
1814 British burned Washington DC; Treaty of Ghent ended war of 1812
1820 Missouri compromise
1823 1817- 1825 James Monroe Monroe doctrine
1846 1845-1849 United States declared war on Mexico. Oregon Treaty James Knox Polk
1848 Gold discovered in California.Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
1849 1849-1850 California gold rush Zachary Taylor
1850 1850-1853 Millard Fillmore compromise of 1850
1860 South Carolina seceded from the Republic
1861-1865 Abraham Lincoln confederacy formed and Civil War began. into factions of the new nation in North (union) and slave owning states of the South (Confederacy)fought until the secession of the South was squelched slavery was abolished the federal government gained great power and united the country
1863 Battle of Gettysburg
1865-1869 Andrew Johnson Civil War ends. 13th amendment ends slavery. Lincoln is assassinated.
1867 Alaska purchased from Russia
1869-1877 Ulysses S Grant transcontinental railroad is completed
1877-1881 Rutherford B Hayes Custer defeated by the Sioux at little bighorn (Custer's last stand)
1890 wounded knee massacre
1898 Spanish American war begins
1899 Treaty of Paris ended Spanish-American war
1914 Panama Canal opened. World War I began. Arizona became a state.
1914- 1918 WW I Great Britain France Russia Belgium Italy Japan United States and other allies defeated Germany Austria-Hungary Turkey and Bulgaria over through four empires ( German Empire Hapsburg Empire Turkish Empire Russian Empire) the result seven new nations
1919 Treaty of Versailles
1920 19th amendment ( women's suffrage)
1931 Star-Spangled Banner designated national anthem by an act of Congress
1939- 1945 World War II began the struggle in which after Great Britain and France Soviet Union United States China and other allies defeated Germany Italy and Japan. Two atomic bombs were dropped to end the war (Hiroshima and Nagasaki).
outcomes of World War II Germany was divided into four parts and controlled by the Allied powers, geopolitical power shifted away from Western and Central Europe, the United States and Russia became known internationally as the superpowers.
outcomes of World War II new technologies appear ( computer jet engine nuclear fission) and many global organization sprouted ( United Nations World Bank world trade organization international monetary fund)
1947 Cold War began between United States and Russia
1950-1953 Korean War began the struggle between North Korea ( communist) aided by China and Russia and South Korea (non communist) dated by the United States and Britain and the UN resulted in the same boundaries in the North and South
1955 Montgomery bus boycott
1956- 1975 Vietnam war began a long conflict in which North Vietnam ( communist) was supported by China and the Soviet Union and tried to take over South Vietnam( non communist) supported by the United States.
1957 Sputnik; civil right act
1961 Bay of Pigs; Cuba
1962 Cuban missile crisis
1963 Kennedy assassinated and Johnson becomes president
1968 Robert Kennedy and Martin Luther King both assassinated
1969 first man landed on the moon( Neil Armstrong)
1973 United States withdrew from Vietnam
1983 Reagan started the strategic Defense initiative
1990 Iraq forces invaded Kuwait
1991 the Persian Gulf War began. Kuwait is liberated. United States and allies defeated Iraq.
1992 United States and Russia signed the Treaty to officially end the Cold War
1994 Republican Party wins majority in both Senate and House for first-time in 40 years
1998 two American embassies in Eastern Africa destroyed by terrorists US forces launched airstrikes in Iraq
1999 Panama gained control of the Panama Canal
2001 September 11 terrorist attack World Trade Center and Pentagon
2003 United States led forces invaded Iraq
1767 Townshend act, placed a tax on essential goods such as paper glass and tea
1773 Boston tea party protest of the tea act by American colonists
1215 Magna Carta- the clauses of this document (63) explained and restricted the rights of the monarch
1620 Mayflower compact- signed en route on the Mayflower established a temporary majority rule government for the pilgrims
the Declaration of Independence the principles set forth in this document justified the separation of the 13 colonies from Great Britain and provided responsibilities to individuals with the government ruled by the people
articles of Confederation 1781 the first constitution of the 13 American states with later replaced in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States
the Federalist papers 1787 to 1780 this group of 85 articles was published in New York newspapers to influence the decision to ratify the Constitution and even today help to explain the intent of the Constitution
the U.S. Constitution 1787 document that established the basic principles of the American government
emancipation proclamation 1865 issued during the Civil War president Lincoln ended slavery in the Confederate states
the Pledge of Allegiance 1892 an oath of confirmation written by Francis Bellamy to support the nation
1825- 1829 John Quincy Adams
1829- 1837 Andrew Jackson
1837-1841 Martin Van Buren
1841 William Harrison
1841-1845 John Tyler
1853-1857 Franklyn Pierce
1857-1861 James Buchanan
1881 James Garfield
1881-1885 Chester Arthur
1885-1889 Grover Cleveland
1889-1893 Benjamin Harrison
1893-1897 Grover Cleveland
1897-1901 William McKinley
1901-1909 Theodore Roosevelt
1909-1913 William Taft
1913-1921 Woodrow Wilson
1921-1923 Warren Harding
1923-1929 Calvin Coolidge
1929-1933 Herbert Hoover
1933-1945 Franklin D Roosevelt
1945-1953 Harry S Truman
1953-1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
1961-1963 John F Kennedy
1963-1969 Lyndon B Johnson
1969-1974 Richard Nixon
1974 to 1977 Gerald Ford
1977 to 1981 James Carter
1981 to 1989 Ronald Reagan
1989 to 1993 George HW Bush
1993 to 2001 William Bill Clinton
2001 to 2009 George W Bush
2009 Barack H Obama
American Indian wars (1587 to 1890) the struggles and white European settlers in the colonies defeated Native American and tribes to expand their ownership of land resulted in the police and confinement of Native Americans on reservations.
results of the Vietnam war resulting in the takeover of South Vietnam implementing a Socialist Republic were the Communist Party now governs
1990 to 1991 Persian Gulf war the United States led a coalition of forces and destroyed much of Iraq's military forces resulting in driving out the a Iraq army from Kuwait
2003 to the present the Iraq war the struggle in which the United States and Great Britain led a coalition of forces against Iraq to expel Saddam Hussein
Created by: 100000591047163