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American History

Kristen's American History

American History questionsAmerican History answers
Noah Webster a schoolteacher from Ney England who wrote the "Blue-Backed Speller" and other textbooks, as well as the first dictionary of the American language.
WIlliam H. McGuffey a Presbyterian preacher, schoolteacher, and college professor from Pennsylvania who wrote a series of Eclectic Readers popularly known as McGuffey's readers
Horace Mann an educator from Massachusetts who promoted the idea of public education in the mid-1800s
Josiah Holbrook a teacher and itinerant lecturer from Connecticut who pioneered the lyceum movement in the United States
James Fenimore Cooper New York author of the early 19th century who wrote stories about American life, famouse for his Leatherstocking Tales, considered to be the first truly American author
Washington Irving New York author of the early 19th century who wrote about the life both in American and Europe
William Cullen Bryant a key writer from New York, active in the early 19th century as both a poet and an editor, famous for his poem Thanatopis
Edgar Allan Poe New York author of the early 19th century known as the first major American Literary critic and a major American fiction author, famous for his short stories and eerie, mystical poems
Nathaniel Hawthorne Ney England author of the mid 19th century, famous for Moby Dick and Billy Budd
Ralph Waldo Emerson famous essayist and poet from New England, began the Transcendental movement in the mid 19 century, famous for Walden
Walt Whitman famous Transcendentalist author of the mid 19th century, known for Leaves of Grass
George Bancroft best known American historian, published a multivolume HIstory of the United States, first American historyian to emphasize careful scholarship in his writing
Francis Prkman another important American historyian whose works about the French in the New World and about the American Indians are still considered valuable sources of history, famouse for The California and Oregon Trail
James Gordon Bennet and Horace Greeley newspaper publishers of the mid 19th century
Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Latrobe famous American architects, Jefferson designed the capitol of Richmond, and Latrobe helped design the Capitol at Washington
Gilbert Stuart American Painter best remembered for his portrait studies of George Washington
Charles Willson Peale American Painter who retired from active painting to devote full attention to establishing a natural history museum in Philadelphia, also helped found the Academy of Fine Arts and taught many of his 17 children to paint
Edward Hicks an itinerant Quaker preacher who painted a number of works depicting Isaiah's prophecies of the Millennium, which Hicks called "Peaceable Kingdon"
Samuel F. B. Morse American painter who invented the telograph
Stephen Foster America's most beloved composer of popular songs
Lowell Mason carried on the tradition of the singing schools instituted earlier by William Billings
Louis Agassiz and Benjamin Silliman American scientist who contrubuted to the field of geology, Agassiz became one of the most distinguished geologists in the world
Asa Gray America's leading botanist
John James Audubon observed, classified, and painted America's birds.
John Deere patented his famous steel plow in the 1830s
Cyrus McCormick invented the reaper
Eli Whitney New England schoolteacher who revolutionized American cotton production with his invention of the cotton gin
Samuel Slater skilled English machinist who helped establish the first American textile factory in Rhode Island in 1790, remembered as the "Father of the American Factory System"
Francis Cabot Lowell invented a power loom in 1812
Elias Howe invented a much-improved sewing machine in 1846
Isaac Merrit Singer improved the sewing machine, credited with making it a common household appliance
James Watt Scotsman credited with inventing the first practical steam engine
Oliver Evans first to develop a high pressure steam engine in the late 1700s
John Loudon McAdams British engineer who designed the construction of many roads in the mid 19th century
Robert Fulton credited with building the first practical steamboat, the Clermont
DeWitt Clinton governor of New York who promoted the construction of the Erie Canal
matthew Maury American Naval officer and oceanographer who helped plot the route for a transatlantic telegraph cable from Newfoundland to Ireland
Cyrus Field laid the first transatlantic telegraph cable in 1857
Stephen Austin established a large American settlement in Texas
Sam Houston led the Texans to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto, winning their independence from Mexico, the first president of the "Lone Star Republic"
Santa Anna Mexican dictatory who tried to crush the rebellion in Texas, captured at the Battle of San Jacinto
william Barret Travis commander of the Texans who held the Alamo fonearly two weeks before they were all mercilessly killed
Jim Bowie inventor of the famed bowie knofe, died defending th Almo
Jason Lee Methodist missary who establishe a mission in the Oregon territory in 1833
Marcus Whitman Presbyterian medical missionary who established a work among the Indians of the Northwest, led the "great Migrations" of settlers to Oregon in 1843
Narcissa Whitman and Eliza Spalding the first white woman to journey west of the Rockies
Henry Clay presidential canditate for the Whigs in the election of 1844
James K. Pold President from 1845 to 1849 led the nation during the Mexican War
Jedediah Smith Christian frontiersman who played an important role in exploring the West and opening it to settlers, discovered South Pass
Zachary Taylor commander of U.S. troops sent to guard the Texas border against possible invasion from Mexico
John Slidell a special envoy sent by president Polk to Mexico
Winfield Scott U.S. general sent by water to attack the Mexican coastal city of Veracruz
John C. Fremont U.S. Army catain who took part in the "Bear Flag Revolt" against Mexicaan authorities in California
Stephen W. Kearny U.S. general who led forves from Fort Leavenworth, Missouri, across the Rockies and into New Mexico
Josh Sutter owned the sawmill where gold was first dicovered in California
William Taylor Mehodist preacher who followed the gold rush to California in 1849. eventually ministerd on all of the inhabited continents, had the farthestreaching ministry of any Methodist evangelist
James Gadsden U.S. minister to Mexico who negotiated the Gadsden Purchase
William Lloyd Garrison New England abolitionist, editor of the abolitionist newspaper The LIberator, demanded the immediate and unconditional freeing of all slaves
Harriet Tubman an escaped slave who guided some 300 slaves to freedom in the 1850s, best known leader of the underground railroad
David Wilmot Congressman who made a proposal known as the Wilmot Proviso
Abraham Lincoln congressman from Illinois from 1847 to 1849, first Republican President, guided the nation through the Civil War
Lewis Cass senator who frist proposed the principle of popular sovereigny of squatter sovereignty
Sachary Taylor hero of Mexican War, Presidnt form 1849 to 1850
Martin Van Buren former president who led the Free-Siol party in New York state
Henry Clay Senator who proposed the compromise tarriff of 1833 and the compromise of 1850
John C. Calhoun senator who became a skillful defender of states rights
Daniel Webster senator who promoted the free siol concept, considered to be the greatest oratory of the day
William H. Seward a promising young leader in Congress
Jefferson Davis senator from Mississippi who was elected president of the Confederacy
Salmon P. Chase a promising young leader in Congress
Stephen A. Douglas senator f Illinois who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Bill in 1854, known for his "freeport Doctrine"
Millard Fillmore Vice President who succeeded President Tylor after his death in 1850, President from 1850 to 1853, gave his full support to the Compromise of 1850
Franklin Pierce President from 1853 to 1857
Winfield Scott Whig candidate in the Presidential elevtion of 1852
John Brown deranged Free Soiler who attacked the proslavery settlement in Pottawatomiecreek and tried to Raid the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Virginia
John C. Fremont Republican candidate in the Presidential election of 1856
James Buchanan President from 1857 to 1861
Roger Taney the best-remembered chief justice next to John Marshall
Robert E. Lee commander of a company of U.S. Marines sent to Virginia to capture John Brown at Harper's Ferry
Henry Ward Beecher one of the most articulate preachers of his dy, preached fiery messages against slavery
John Greenleaf Whittier bombarded the reading public with literature that aroused sympathy for the slaves
Harriet Beecher Stowe Sister of Henry ward Beecher, Publihed the novel Uncle Toms Cabin in 1852
Hinton Rowan Hlper published a book entitled The Impending Crisis of the South in 1857
John C. Breckinridge chosen by the Democrats to be Buchanan's Vice President
John Bell chosen by the Constitutional Union party as its Presidential candiate
John J. Crittenden Senator from Kentucky who proposed a Constitutional amendment recognizing slavery in all territories south othe the 36 30 line
"fifty-four forty or fight" said by James Polk
Underground Railroad a network of escape routes and hiding places which fugitive slaves could escape to
Where was Americas 1st public high school? founded in Boston
What was the 1st State University? University of North Carolina
Abolitionists people against slavery
Erie canal ran a distance of 363 miles, connecting the Hudson River to Lake Erie in 1825
Liberia a place for freed African American slaves
Where was the 1st railroad built? England
domesic system manufacturing at home
Liberty party organized by the abolitionists, suppted James Birney for the Presidency in 1840 and again in 1844
what was the 1st state to succeed from the Union? South Carolina
who was the "Pathfinder of the sea"? Matthew Murry
"Blue-Backed Speller" nickname of Noah Webster's popular American Speller Book
Uncle Tom's Cabin written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852
The Impending Crisis of the South published by Hinton Rowan Helper in 1857
The Liberator an abolitionist newspaper by William Lloyd Garrison
The California and Oregon Trail Francis Parkman wrote these and are still considered valuable sourves of history
Leaves of Grass Written by Walt Whitman
The Scarlet Letter Written by Nathaniel Hawthorne
Walden written by Henry David Thoreau
Thanatopsis a poem written by William Cullen Bryant
Leather Stocking Tales a story about American life, written by James Fenimore Cooper
Moby Dick written by Herman Melville
History of the United States a multivolume written by George Bancroft
Created by: kbtarheelgirl