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Test 4 Questions

UAMS Dispensing Test 4 Questions

Category of levothyroxine A
Category of ferrous sulfate A
Category of potassium chloride A
Category of multiple vitamins A
Category of insulin B
Category of phenazopyridine B
Category of Marinol C
Category of Vermox C
Category of guaifenesin C
gen and I of Marinol dronabinol, I tx of n & v associated with chemo
dronabinol is a synthetic tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
Marinol is a C _ III
gen and I for Vermox mebendazole, I tx of pinworms, roundworms, and hookworms
dosage form of Vermox 100 mg chew tab
Vermox dose for pinworms one tablet as a single dose
Vermox dose for roundworms and hookworms one tablet BID for 3 days
Category of phenothiazine antipsychotics C
Category of ACE Inhibitors D
Category of anxiolytic benzodiazepines D
Category of tetracyline Ab D
What occurs from tetracycline use during the last half of the pregnancy permanent discoloration of the teeth
Category of Accutane X
gen for Accutane isotretinoin
Category of HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors X
Category of Cytotec X
gen for Cytotec misoprostol
Category of Arthrotec X
gen of Arthrotec misoprostol, diclofenac sodium
category of oral contraceptives X
category of Coumadin X
category of hypnotic benzodiazpines X
category of Halcion X
gen of Halcion triazolam
category of Dalmane X
gen of Dalmane flurazepam
category of Restoril X
gen for Restoril temazepam
category of Prosom X
gen of Prosom estazolam
category of finasteride X
trade for finasteride Proscar, Propecia
category of Avodart X
category of Rheumatrex X
gen for Rheumatrex methotrexate
I of Avodart and Proscar tx of BPH
Proscar and Avodart prevent _ the conversion of testosterone to DHT by inhibiting the enzyme 5-alpha reductase
what is responsible for prostate enlargement? dihydrotestosterone
dose and I for Propecia 1 mg tablet I tx alopecia
category of Thalomid X
gen for Thalomid thalidomide
what does thalidomide cause? phocomelia
I of Thalomid tx of erythema nodosum leprosum
I of Estrostep tx of acne in females 15 yrs and older
I of Ortho Tri-Cyclen tx of acne in females 15 yrs and older
I of Yaz premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)
drospirenone is derived from __ spironolactone (comparable to a 25 mg dose)
drospirenone has the potential to raise __ serum potassium
Yasmin and Yaz should be cautiously prescribed to pts taking __ ACE inhib, Angio II Rec. Antag, K sparing diuretics, and K supplements
other meds I for PMDD Sarafem, Zoloft, Paxil
gen for Sarafem fluoxetine
dosing interval for NuvaRing monthly
dosing interval of Depo-Provera every 3 months
I of Evista tx and prev of osteoporosis in post menopausal women -- decreases resorption of bone
I Premarin Vaginal Cream tx of urogenital symptoms associated with postmenopausal atrophy of the vagina and/or lower urinary tract (vulvar/vaginal atrophy)
Initial dosing regimen of Premarin Vaginal Cream once daily for 1 to 2 weeks, later maintenance dose may be 1 to 3 times a week
dosing interval of Vagifem one tablet vaginally daily for two weeks, then twice weekly
dosing interval of Vivelle-DOT twice weekly
dosing interval of Climara once weekly
I of Activella tx of symptoms associated with menopause
I Prempro tx of symptoms associated with menopause
I Femhrt tx of symptoms associated with menopause
dosing interval of Delestrogen IM every 4 weeks
MOA of sulfonylureas stimulate insulin release from the pancreas and normalize increased hepatic glucose production, they also increase tissue sensitivity to insulin, which results in increased glucose uptake and utilization
first generation sulfonylureas: acetohexamide and Diabinese
second generation sulfonylureas glyburide, glipizide, glimepiride
Amaryl should be taken __ with breakfast or the 1st main meal of the day
Glucotrol XL should be taken __ with breakfast
insulin is secreted by the __ beta cells of the pancreas
MOA of meglitinides stimulate insulin release from the pancreas
meglitinide drugs: Prandin and Starlix
MOA of biguanides decrease hepatic glucose production and increase tissue sensitivity to insulin
overdose of biguanides __ does not cause hypoglycemia
class of metformin biguanide
metabolic complication with metformin lactic acidosis
syptoms of lactic acidosis malaise, myalgia, respiratory distress, increased somnolence, abdominal distress
dosing interval of metformin tablets BID
dosing interval of metformin ER tablets once daily
dosing interval of Glucovance once or twice daily
MOA of thiazolidinediones decrease hepatic glucose production and increase tissue sensitivity to insulin
overdoses of thiazolidinediones __ do not cause hypoglycemia
thiazolidinedione drugs: Avandia and Actose
__ have been associated with with liver toxicity thiazolididiones
MOA of alpha-glucosidase inhibitors delay digestion of ingested carbohydrates, resulting in a smaller rise in blood glucose concentration following meals
alpha-glucosideas inhibitors should be taken __ with the first bite of each main meal
alpha-glucosidase inhibitor drugs: Precose and Glyset
MOA of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DDP-4) inhibitors inhibits DDP-4, which prolongs the effects of the incretin hormones
incretin hormones stimulate __ insulin release from the pancrease
DDP-4 drug Januvia
MOA of incretin mimetics mimic effects of the incretin hormones
incretin mimetic drug Byetta
admin of Byetta SQ BID, one hour before breakfast and supper
storage of Byetta pharm store in frig, pt store at room temp for 30 days
Regular insulin is __ acting short
only insulin that can be admin IV Regular insulin
Regular insulin is clear/cloudy clear -- discard if cloudy
isophane insulin is clear/cloudy cloudy
NPH is __ acting intermediate
Regular insulin and NPH are in _ mL vials and contain 10 mL vials and contain 100 units of insulin/mL
Regular insulin and NPH are OTC/RX OTC
Humalog is __ acting rapid
Novolog is __ acting rapid
Apidra is __ acting rapid
___ should not be used as monotherapy in diabetes mellitus Humalog, Novolog, and Apidra
Humalog, Novolog, and Apidra should be admin __ with meals
Lantus is __ acting long
Levemir is __ acting long
Lantus and Levemir should be admin SQ at bedtime
Lantus and Levemir are clear/cloudy clear -- discard if cloudy
Lispro protamine is __ acting intermediate
Humulin R U-500 contains 500 units of regular insulin in each mL
I of Humulin R U-500 tx of diabetic pts with marked insulin resistance
marked insulin resistance is: daily insulin requirements of more than 200 units
insulin can be stored at room temp for _ one month
3/10 mL insulin syringe measeures up to 30 units of insulin
1/2 mL insulin syringe measures up to 50 units of insulin
1 mL insulin syringe measures up to 100 units of insulin
I of glucagon tx of hypoglycemia
glucagon may be admin: IM, IV, or SQ
MOA of glucagon acts on liver glycogen and converts it to glucose
I of thyroid hormones hypothyroidism
natural thyroid products are derived from beef and pork
a natural thyroid product: Armour Thyroid
liotrix is a: 4:1 mixture of T-4 to T-3
Created by: jmhernandez