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PT 101 Termimology 2

Medical TermDescription
Angina Condition characterized by the attack of chest pain caused by an insufficient supply of oxygen to the heart.
Anticonvulsant Refers to a substance that stops the brain nerve firing to suppress convulsive seizers.
Antineoplastic Substance that are used to kill cancer cells.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Is a mental disorder characterized by development inapproriate levels of attention,concentration,activity discractiblity,and impulsivity.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Is a mental disorder characterized by constant implusive behavior,difficulty in concentration,and hyperactivity that decreases social,academic,or occupational functioning.
Bronchodilator Is a substance that relaxes the bronchial smooth muscles in the respiratory system.
Compound Refers to a substance made from a combination of two or more substances.
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) Is a potentially fatal condition of the cardiovascular system wherein the heart has lost it's ability to pump blood in and out.
Cream Is a dosage form of a medication that is semisolid preparation,usually applied externally to soothe,lubricate,or protect.
Diagnosis Is a process by which a health care professional(dotor,nurse,or technician) determines the patient's condtion or diease, following tests and examinations.
Distribution Is the process following absorption by which a drug is passed to the cells of various organs.
Excretion Is the process by which the body eliminates waste after metabolism and distribution.
Indication Refers to the use of a drug for treating a particular disease(e.g. insulin is used to treat diabetes).
Intradermal The administration of a medication by injection into the skin.
Intramuscular The administration of a medication within or into the muscle.
Intranasal Medications administered through being inhaled through the nose and then being absorbed into the bloodstream.
Intravenous The administration of a medication within or into the veins.
Local Refers to a small area or single part of the body (e.g. local anesthetic).
Narcotic Is a drug that is potentially highly abused as a pain reliever, causing dependency and tolerance.
Nausea Is a feeling of sickness to the stomach,usually accompanied by the urge to vomit.
Ointment Is a semisolid (mixture of a liquid and solid) dosage form that is applied externally to deliver medication, lubricate,and protect.
Opthalmic The administration of a medication through the eye.
Oral The administration of medication through the mouth.
Patch Is a dosage form in which the medication is delivered through a solid application applied to the skin and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Pharmacology Is the study of drugs and their effects on the body.
Rectally The administration of a solid or liquid medication given through the rectum.
Sedative Relieves anxiety and tension;calms and relaxes.
Side Effects Are predicted,unwanted reactions to a substance or combination of substances.
Spasm Is an involuntary muscle contraction.
Subcutaneous The administration of a medication given under the skin.
Sublingual Tablet A tablet that is dissolved under the tongue instead of beging swallowed whole.
Suppository Denotes the administration through the vagina or rectum of a solid medication.
Suspension Is a liquid dosage form in which the solid particles are not completely dissolved.
Syrup Is a liquid form that consist of water and sugar mixed with the medication.
Tablet Is a solid dosage form in which the ingredients are compacted into a small,formed shapes.
Topical A substance used externally for relief of swelling,itching,or infections.
Transdremal Administration of a medication through the skin (e.g. patches)
Vaginally Administration of a solid or liquid medication through the vagina.
Vasodilator Is a substance that causes the blood vessels to widen.
Virus Is a very small infectious organism that requires a living cell to reproduce.
Created by: Bella_amg