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The Digestive System

crap i dont wanna know

an/o- anus, ring
bar/o pressure, weight
cholecyst/o gallbladder
col/o colon, large intestine
colon/o colon, large intestine
dent/o tooth, teeth
dont/o tooth
duoden/o duodenum (part of small intestine)
enter/o intestines
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o iluem (part of small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (part of small intestine)
lingu/o toungue
lith/o stone
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
phag/o swallow
proct/o anus, rectum
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
stomat/o mouth
-emesis vomiting
-lithiasis formation of stones in body
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallow
aerophagia swallowing too much air
amebic dysentery infection of the intestines caused by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica
anastomosis surgical connection between two structures
anorexia nervosa eating disorder that makes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height
antiemetic drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea
aphthous ulcers type of mouth ulcer that presents as a painful open sore inside the mouth
ascites accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
bariatrics branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity
borborymus rumbling or gurgling noise that occurs from the movements of fluid and gas in the intestines
bulimia nervosa illness in which a person binges on food or has regular episodes of overeating and feels a loss of control
cachexia wasting syndrome is loss of weight, muscle atrophy, fatigue, weakness, and significant loss of appetite in someone who is not actively trying to lose weight.
cheilosis fissuring and dry scaling of the vermilion surface of the lips and angles of the mouth
cholagiography imaging of the bile duct (also known as the biliary tree) by x-rays
cholangitis Cholangitis is an infection of the common bile duct, the tube that carries bile from the liver to the gallbladder and intestines
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the gallbladder
cholecystitis sudden inflammation of the gallbladder that causes severe abdominal pain.
cholecystitis incision into common bile duct for stone removal
cholelithiasis Gallstones
cholera infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of watery diarrhea
cirrhosis scarring of the liver and poor liver function
colonoscopy endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus
crohn's disease Crohn's disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It usually affects the intestines, but may occur anywhere from the mouth to the end of the rectum (anus)
diverticulosis condition of having diverticula in the colon
dyspepsia upset stomach or indigestion
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
emesis vomiting
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
eructation The act or an instance of belching
esophageal varices extremely dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower third of the esophagus
esophagogastroduodenoscopy diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract up to the duodenum.
gastroduodenostomy surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum
gastroesophageal reflux disease condition in which the stomach contents (food or liquid) leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus
gastronomy tube device used to provide nutrition to patients who cannot obtain nutrition by swallowing
hematemesis vomiting of blood
hemooccult test test for blood in stool
hepatitis swelling and inflammation of the liver
herpes labialis infection of the lips, mouth, or gums due to the herpes simplex virus
hiatal hernia condition in which part of the stomach sticks upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm
hyperemesis severe form of nausea and vomiting
ileus partial or complete blockage of the bowel that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing through
inguinal hernia sac formed by the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
jaundice yellow color of the skin, mucus membranes, or eyes
melena black, "tarry" feces that are associated with gastrointestinal hemorrhage
morbid obesity patients who are 50 - 100% -- or 100 pounds above -- their ideal body weight.
nasogastric obesity medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube (nasogastric tube or NG tube) through the nose, past the throat, and down into the stomach.
obesity having too much body fat
periodontium specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones
peristalsis radially symmetrical contraction and relaxation of muscles which propagates in a wave down the muscular tube, in an anterograde fashion
proctopexy surgical fixation of the rectum
regurgitation expulsion of material from the mouth, pharynx, or esophagus, usually characterized by the presence of undigested food or blood
salmonellosis infection in the lining of the small intestine caused by Salmonella bacteria.
sigmoidoscopy the minimally invasive medical examination of the large intestine from the rectum through the last part of the colon
stomatorrhagia hemorrhage from the mouth
trismus inability to normally open the mouth due to one of many causes
ulcerative coilitis type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that affects the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum
volvulus bowel obstruction with a loop of bowel whose nose has abnormally twisted on itself
xerostomia medical term for the subjective complaint of dry mouth which may or may not be associated with a lack of saliva
Created by: 274617