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brianna chapter 8

aerophagia The swallowing of air, whether deliberately to stimulate belching, accidentally, or as an involuntary habit
amebic dysentery inflammation of the intestines caused by Endamoeba histolytica; usually acquired by ingesting food or water
anastomosis A connection made surgically between adjacent blood vessels or parts of the intestine, or the operation in which this is constructed
anorexia nervosa a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
antiemetic a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting
apthous ulcers a blister on the mucous membranes of the lips or mouth or gastrointestinal tract
ascites The accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity, causing abdominal swelling
bariatrics The branch of medicine that deals with the study and treatment of obesity
borborygmus A rumbling or gurgling noise made by the movement of fluid and gas in the intestines
botulism Food poisoning caused by botulinum growing on improperly sterilized canned meats and other preserved foods
bulimia nervosa Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent binge eating, followed by compensatory behaviors
cachexia Weakness and wasting of the body due to severe chronic illness
cheilosis a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth
cholangiography X-ray examination of the bile ducts, used to locate and identify an obstruction
cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gallbladder
cholecystitis Inflammation of the gallbladder
choledocholithotomy Surgery that involves the removal of one or more obstructive gallstones from the common bile duct
cholelithiasis The formation of gallstones
cholera An infectious and often fatal bacterial disease of the small intestine, caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae and typically contracted
cirrhosis A chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue
colonoscopy visual examination of the colon (with a colonoscope) from the cecum to the rectum; requires sedation
crohon disease A chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines, esp. the colon and ileum
diverticulitis Inflammation of a diverticulum, esp. in the colon, causing pain and disturbance of bowel function
dyspepsia Indigestion
dysphagia condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
emesis The action or process of vomiting
enteritis Inflammation of the intestine, esp. the small intestine, usually accompanied by diarrhea
eructation eruption: (of volcanos) pouring out fumes or lava (or a deposit so formed)
esophageal varices In medicine (gastroenterology), esophageal varices are extremely dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower esophagus
esophagogastroduodenoscopy In medicine (gastroenterology), esophagogastroduodenoscopy is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part
gastroduodenostomy a surgical procedure where the doctor creates a new connection between the stomach and the duodenum
gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic symptom of mucosal damage caused by stomach acid coming up from the stomach into the esophagus
gastrostomy tube A feeding tube is a medical device used to provide nutrition to patients who cannot obtain nutrition by swallowing
hematemesis vomiting blood
hemoccult test A test that checks for hidden blood in the stool
hepatitis A disease characterized by inflammation of the liver
herpes labialis oral herpes: caused by herpes simplex virus type 1
hiatal hernia hernia resulting from the protrusion of part of the stomach through the diaphragm
hyperemesis severe and excessive vomiting
ileaus A painful obstruction of the ileum or other part of the intestine
inguinal hernia hernia in which a loop of intestine enters the inguinal canal; the most common type of hernia in males
jaundice 1.A medical condition with yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, arising from excess of the pigment bilirubin
melena Dark sticky feces containing partly digested blood
morbid obesity Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health
nasogastric intubation Nasogastric intubation is a medical process involving the insertion of a plastic tube
obesity fleshiness: more than average fatness
peridontium Periodontium refers to the specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth
peristalis The involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal
proctopexy fixation of a prolapsed anus and rectum
regurgitation backflow of blood through a defective heart valve
salmonellosis a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
sigmoidoscopy Examination of the sigmoid colon by means of a flexible tube inserted through the anus
stomatorrhagia hemorrhage of the mouth
trismus Spasm of the jaw muscles, causing the mouth to remain tightly closed, typically as a symptom of tetanus
ulcerative colitis a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever
volvulus An obstruction caused by twisting of the stomach or intestine
xerostomia abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
an/o no; not; without
bar/o pressure; weight
chol/o bile; gall
cholecyst/o gallbladder
col/o colon (large intestine)
colon/o colon (large intestine
dent/o tooth
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestines (usually small intestine)
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
lingu/o tongue
lith/o stone, calculus
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
phag/o eat; swallow
proct/o anus and rectum
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
stomat/o mouth
Created by: shantavia