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vocab 3rd hr.


Adapter card A card that adds additional functions to a computer by plugging into the motherboard
Random Access Memory (RAM) The temporary storage on a computer.
Citation A quote from a larger network
Activation key A combination of letters and numbers a user must enter before using software. These access codes serve as an intellectual property protection for the software developer, granting a license to the user and preventing multiple downloads.
Application software These computer programs are designed to help users complete tasks on their computers or smartphones.
Byte The basic measurement unit of computer storage and memory, equivalent to one character of text
Download The transfer of a file from the Internet to your computer
Graphical User Interface (GUI) A way to manipulate a computer system by interacting with graphics (icons, buttons, menus, and so on) instead of by typing in commands.
Hard disk drive The permanent storage on a computer
Hardware The physical parts of a computer. This includes internal and external parts, such as the hard drive, memory, keyboard, and mouse
Input device A device that provides information for the computer to process
Memory card A date storage device used in digital cameras and smartphones
Motherboard The large circuit board of a computer where peripherals attach
Network A group of connected computers
Operating system The system software provided to a computer user by the computer manufacturer. Popular operating systems include Microsoft Windows and the Apple Macintosh’s OS.
Presentation application A computer program that allows users to create a show to display for an audience with the ability to include media. One example is Microsoft PowerPoint
Processor The computing center of a computer where all information is processed.
Server The host computer that delivers web pages and other applications to your browser
Software A program that is not a physical device that directs the computer to perform certain tasks.
Software upgrade A change in an application or new feature added to a software program that a developer releases, usually on the Internet, for users to add
Spreadsheet application A computer program that allows a user to create worksheets with data in rows and columns to sort and manipulate as needed. One example is Microsoft Excel.
Storage device A device that keeps a computer’s information, even when the machine is off, until the user decides to delete the information; examples include hard disk drives, CDs, DVDs, and online storage
Utility program Computer software that maintains the system for maximum performance. Examples of utility programs are computer’s antivirus program or regular data backup
Word processing A computer program that allows a user to create documents with text. One example is Microsoft Word
Browsing The process of performing a search of online categories in order to find a website or web page
Credibility Whether or not a source provides reliable, accurate information, checked and verified experts
Domain name The words or numbers, known as IP addresses, that identify a website.
e-commerce The buying and selling of goods online
Home page The first page in a group of pages on a website that describes the site’s purpose and provides the navigational structure for moving through the website
Internet Service Provider (ISP) A company that sells Internet connectivity to individuals
Keyword A term or group of terms used to find information on the web
Malware Computer software that works as an independent program that infects a computer’s files and programs after being downloaded from what looks like a trusted source
Netiquette Informal rules of behavior for communicating on the web
New media Content not traditionally delivered in digital form that is now found online, such as music, movies, newspapers, or books
Phishing The practice of using spam e-mail to elicit a response and obtain a computer user’s private information.
Rootkit A computer virus that attacks a computer’s internal storage system.
Search engine An automated database that delivers a list of links as a response to a specific keyword request from the user
Social engineering The usually criminal practice of manipulating a person into providing sensitive information.
Social networks An online community
Trojan horse A computer virus disguised as a normal program that infects a computer after being downloaded from an e-mail, pop-up advertisement, or downloaded software
World Wide Web A collection of Internet sites that provide text, graphics, sound, video, and other digital content.
Central processing unit The main system of a computer that controls and carries out its functions
Context-sensitive menus These shortcut menu choices appear as a user right-clicks on the comp. screen
Dialog box A window that appears during the use of a computer application. The window contains a question or requests confirmation of an action the user must reply to before continuing
Format painter A command on the Home tab that provides access to document formatting styles
Function key One of the 12 keys located at the top of the computer keyboard, labeled, F1through F12. They are used to perform shortcut functions
Key tips A windows Ribbon feature allowing a user to use the keyboard keys instead of a mouse to switch tabs or activate commands from the Quick Access Toolbar
Menu A graphical collection of options that appears on your desktop so you can perform a function on your computer
Microsoft Access The database creation and management program in the Microsoft Office Suite.
Microsoft Excel The spreadsheet program in the Microsoft Office Suite.
Microsoft Office 2010 A suite of computer programs created and distributed by Microsoft that includes word processing, spreadsheet, presentation, and database software
Microsoft The multiuser collaboration program in the Microsoft Office suite.
Microsoft Outlook Is a personal information manager and e-mail client that is offered as a part of the Microsoft software package, Microsoft Exchange Server, and as a standalone product.
Microsoft PowerPoint Presentation software in the Microsoft Office suite of products. The software provides the user the ability to create professional-looking presentations with graphics, sound, animations, and movie clips
Microsoft Publisher The desktop publishing program in the Microsoft Office suite
Microsoft Word The word publishing program in the Microsoft Office suite
Network drive A location on a servers where networked users can access shared files by mapping to the specific location where they reside
Quick Access Toolbar A group of frequently used commands on the Windows Ribbon interface. You can customize the set of commands it displays
Recycle Bin A location on the desktop, represented by a wastebasket icon, where files appear after you delete them. In this location, you can retrieve deleted files or permanently delete them
Scroll bar Sliding control tools on the bottom and side of the computer window that allow you to navigate within your document.
Shortcut This is a row of information about the current application that appears at the bottom of the document window.
Task bar Appears at the bottom of the computer desktop screen and displays all running programs, frequently used programs, diagnostics and the date and time.
Created by: carlahernandezc