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Chapter 3 & 4 voc.

all of chapter 3

colony a group of people who settle in a distant land but are still ruled by the government of their native land.
turning point a moment in history that marks a decisive change.
circumnavigate sail completely around the world
Columbian Exchange the transfer of food, medicine, government, technology, the arts, and language between the eastern and western hemispheres of people
conquistado conquerors who marched into the Americas in the 1500's
pueblo towns that was the center of farming and trade
presido forts where soldiers lived
mission religious settlements run by Catholic priests and friars
peninsulare they were born in Spain and they held the highest jobs in government and the church
creoloe people born in the Americas to Spanish parents
mestizo people of mixed Spanish and Indian backgrounds. they worked on farms and ranches owned by peninsulares and creoles
encomienda land grants that included the right to demand labor or taxes from Native Americans.
plantation a large estate farmed by many workers
northwest passage waterway through or around North America
protestant reformation movement to reform the roman Catholic church in 1500's led to the creation of many different christian churches
coureur de bois french colonist who lived in the woods as a fur trapper
missionary a person who tries to spread certain religious beliefs among a group of people
alliance agreement between nations to aid and protect one another
charter a legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
burgess representatives to the government
house of burgesses representative assembly in colonial Virginia
representative government political systems in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
Magna Carta signed in 1215 a British document that contained two basic ideas: Monarchs themselves to obey the laws, and citizens have basic rights
Parliament representative assembly in England
pilgrims in the 1600's, English settlers who sought religious freedom in the Americas
established church chosen religion of a state
persecution mistreatment or punishment of a group of people because of their beliefs
Mayflower compact a 1620 agreement for ruling the Plymouth Colony
precedent act or decision that sets an example for others to follow
Thanksgiving day at the end of the harvest seas on set aside by the pilgrims to give thanks to God.
Puritans a religious group
General Court male church members also elected representatives to an assembly
Fundamental orders of Connecticut gave white men who owned property to vote. it limited the governor's power.
religious tolerance a willingness to let others practice their own beliefs
sabbath holy day of rest
town meetings settlers discussed and voted on many issues
patroon owners of huge estates
proprietary colony king gave land to one or more people in return for a yearly payment
royal colony a colony under the direct control of the English crown.
Quakers one of the most despised religious groups in England
Pennsylvania dutch new arrivals from German-speaking Protestants. could not pronounce the word Deutsch which means German
Cash crops crops that are sold for money at market
Created by: catherine6900