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Medical Terms

roots for medical terminology

gastr- stomach
cardi- heart
megal- enlarged
-itis inflammation
dermat- skin
plast- surical repair
cerebr- brain
path- disease
-ectomy surgical removal
enter- intestines
-osis any condition
-otomy cut into
aden- gland
angi- vessel
-oma tumor
nephr- kidney
hepat- liver
arthr- joint
blephar- eyelid
-ologist specialist
rhin- nose
gingiv- gum
-malacia soft
-ology the study of
spasm involuntary contraction
-algia pain
crani- skull
end- inside, within
hemi- half
-oid life
hyper- above, more than normal
cyst- sac containing fluid
chole- bile
hypo- under
-scop observe
hyster- uterus
-ostomy create an opening
para- beside, beyond
-lysis loosening, destruction
cervic- neck
chondr- cartilage
cyan- blue
hem(at)- blood
ost- bone
psycho- mind
lip- fat
my- muscle
lith- stone
opthhalm- eye
proct- anus
cost- rib
-gram record
acro- extremities
-rhexis break/burst
carcin- cancer
-penia decrease
gen- original, production
burso- sac
retr(o)- backwards
trip- rub, friction
strept- twist
-desis binding
mani- madness
glosso- tongues
-trophy development
supra- above
-ptosis falling
dyn- pain
mast- breast
-rrhaphy suture, stitching
dent- teeth
cephal- head
auto- self
epi- upon
hydro- water
ovar- egg
-centesis puncture
oto- ear
bili- bile
squam- scaly or scale
mening- membrane
cec- blind passage
macul- spat
-pexy suspension
onco- tumor
or- mouth
sub- under
spiro- coil
lacrim- tear
viscero organ
lact- milk
onych- nail or claw
thorac- chest
pyle-, pyloro- gate opening
vesic- bladder
sphenic- wedge
myel- narrow, spinal cord
anti- against
myco- fungus
hallux- great toe
lobo- section
-emesis vomiting
contro- against, counter
-iasis condition
trans- through, across
brady- slow
-ectasis expansion
cyt- cell
odont- tooth
leuk- white
-esthesia sensation
cantho- angle at the end of the eye lid
steno- narrow, contracted
cheil- lip
-cele hernia
benign mild, not cancerous
semen seed
celio- abdomen
erythro- red
vaso- vessel
melan- black
cauda- tail
lingua- tongue
myring- eardrum
spondyl- spinal column
helio- sun
astr- star-shaped
-asthenia weakness
fascia sheet, band
iso- equal
tarso- foot/ankle
-tope place
pod- foot
malign- bad
adnexa- ties
ocul- eye
lapar- abdominal wall
dacry- tear
ment- mind
part- labor, bring forth
scler(a)- heart
somato- body
trachel- neck
sinus hollow space
hypno- sleep
sept- well, fence
scirr(h)- hard
antr- cavity
-crine to secrete
dura hard
pneum- lung or air
phage to eat
phren- mind
corne horny
plak- plate
iris rainbow
kerat- tissue, horny
pulmon- pulmo- lung
pytal- saliva
alveol- socket
oophor- ovary
oment- covering
sedat- quiet, calm
furca- fork-shaped
radic- root
radi- ray
fistul- pipe
edema swelling
dactyl- toe, finger
metabol(e) change
pariet- wall
ependym- wrapping
gravid pregnant
aer- air
glyco-, gluco- sweet
tarso- framework of the eyelid
cheir- chir- hand
calc- heel, stone
cine- move
digit finger, toe
dors- back
gangli- swelling
gemin- twin
grad- walk, take steps
gran- grain, particles
labi- lips
micr- small
peps- pept- digest
pleur- rib, side
mamm- breast
colla- glue
later- side
rachi- spinal column
phob- fear
phot- light
dys- bad
cut- skin
en- in
peri- about, around
pro- in front of , before
mechano- machine
dyanm- power
osmo- odor
traumat- wound
trick- hair
maxill- upper jawbone
an- a- without, not
phak- lens
pre- in front of, before
strict- draw tight
turbin- shape like a top
ameb- change
semi- half
neo- new
hormone excite
therm- heat
syn- or sym- together
vuls- twitch, pull
post after
metr- uterus
tegument skin, covering
pan- all
poly- many
ramus branch
neuro- nerve
thromb- lump, clot
ab- away from, not
-plegia paralysis
ante- before
thel- nipple
ex- away from, out
lien- spleen
tumor swelling
vestibule entrance
puer- child
sarc- flesh
proli- offspring
macro- large
lal- speech
intra- within
inter- between
infra- beneath
cryo- cold
mal- bad
glom- ball
tens- stretch
spas- pull, draw
somni- sleep
pharmac- drug
lumbo- loins