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PT 101 Terminology 1

Antibiotic Is a substance that is used to kill or stop the growth of bacteria in the body.
Antiviral Refers to drugs that fight viral infections in the body.
Absorption Is the time it takes for a drug to work after the drug has been administered; the rate at which the drug passes from the intestines into the bloodstream.
Active Ingredient Is the chemical found in the medication known or believed to have a therapeutic effect.
Acute Refers to a disease or illness with a sudden onset and short duration.
Adverse Reaction Denotes an unwanted or unexpected side effect or reaction to a medication; it may also result from an interaction amoung two or more medications.
Allergy Is a sensitivity of the immune system to a chemical or drug; an allergy causes symptoms ranging from rashes to more severe symptoms such as irregular breathing.
Analgesic Refers to a substance used to relieve acute or chronic pain.
Antianxiety Describes substances that reduce or relieve anxiety.
Antibody Is a protein produced by the immune system to respond to foreign substances in the body.
Anticoagulant Refers to a substance that stops blood clotting (also known as blood thinner).
Antidepressant Is a substance that helps to maintain proper hormone balance levels to decrease depressive moods.
Antidiarrheal Relieves and decreases G.I. activity that produces diarrhea.
Antifungal Refers to a substance that kills fungus growing in or on the body.
Antihistamine Refers to a substance that stops the effect of histamine release that causes sneezing,watery eyes,and congestion.
Anti-Hypertensive Substances that work to lower blood pressure.
Anti-Inflammatory Substances that reduce and relieve inflammation.
Antipyretic Refers to a substance that relieves and lowers a high fever.
Antitussive Relieves a severe cough.
Arthritis Is a condition characterized by inflammation of the joints.
Asthma Is a condition that affects a patient's breathing by restricting the airways and oxygen supply due to inflammation,swelling,and irritation.
Bronchitis Is a medical condition characterized by an acute inflammation of the bronchial tubes in the lungs.
Buccal Tablet A tablet that is dissolved in the lining of the cheek instead of being swallowed whole.
Capsule Is a solid dosage form of a medication usually made of gelatin,which holds fine particles of a solid or liquid particle.
Cardiovascular Disease Refers to conditions of the heart and circulation system.
Chewable Tablet Tablets are chewed instead of swallowing whole.
Chronic Refers to a disease or illness that has a long duration (i.e. , lifetime).
Clinical Trials Are scientific experiments that test the effect of a drug in human test patients; required by the FDA for approval of a new medication.
Contraindication Is an aspect of a patient's condition that does not agree with the treatment.
Decongestant Refers to a substance that shrinks the mucous membranes that produce congestion.
Diabetes Is a condition characterized by the failure of the body to produce insulin, which is essential for digestion and for retrieving energy from food, in the pancreas.
Diuretic Is a substance that increases the water output in the kidneys; reduces water retention in the body.
Elixir Is a liquid dosage form that contains flavored water and alcohol mixtures.
Enema Process by which a medicated fluid is injected into the rectum,or an aqueous solutions administered rectally to empty the bowel,to treat infections and diseases of the lower gastrointestinal tract.
Expectorant Is a substance that removes mucous from the upper respiratory system.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Is a condition that occurs when food not completely digested is forced back up the esophagus; the food is very acidic and irritates the esophagus,causing heartburn and other symptoms.
Hypertension Refers to long-term high blood pressure.
Immunity Is the body's ability to fight off infections from bacteria and viruses.
Inhalation The administration of a medication directly into the lungs by the mouth or nose.
Placebo Inactive substances, not real medications, that are administered to give the patient they are receiving a potentially effective medication.
Created by: Bella_amg