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nervous system sense

Chapter 13 medical terminology

arachn/o spider
cerebr/o cerebrum; brain
crani/o skull
dendr/o branching; dendrite
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
gli/o neuroglia; nerve cell
hydr/o water
mening/o meninges
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerve
olig/o few;diminished
quadr/i four
thec/o sheath
thromb/o clot
vacul/o blood vessel
ventricul/o ventricle
dura- hard
echo- sound
-algia pain
-malacia softening
-paresis partial paralysis
-pathy disease
-plegia paralysis
cephal/o head
-phasia speech
anencephaly congenital absence of brain
cephalgia headache
cerebral thrombosis clot in cerebral blood vessel
cerebrovascular accident stroke
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
encephalomalacia softening of the brain
encephalopathy disease of the brain
epidural hematoma collection of blood between the cranium and dura mater
glioma tumor of the neuroglia cells
hemiparesis temporary paralysis of one side of the body
hemiplegia paralysis of one side of the body
hydrocephalus accumulation of CSF around the brain. Water on the brain
meningioma slow growth tumor of the meninges of the brain
meningitis infection or inflammation of the meninges
meningocele hernia of the meninges
meningomyelocele herniation of the spinal cord and meninges
myelomalacia softening of the spinal cord
neuralgia nerve pain
neuritis inflammation of a nerve
neuroblastoma malignant tumor embryonic tissue occurs in young children
neuropathy disease of the nerves
paraplegia paralysis of the lower half of the body
polyneuritis inflammation of many nerves
quadriplegia paralysis of all four limbs
subdural hematoma a collection of blood below the dura mater
cerebrospinal fluid analysis Lab analysis of CSF to detect bacteria, blood and malignant cells
craniotomy incision into the skull
echoencephalography reading a picture of the structures of the brain using sound waves
electroencephalogram record of electrical activity of the brain
electroencephalography process of recording electrical activity of the brain
LP lumbar puncture
myelography process of recording xray of the spinal cord and cavity
myelogram xray record of spinal cord and cavity
neurectomy surgical removal of nerve
pneumoencephalography process of recording ventricles and other fluid filled spaces of CNS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation pain relief treatment with electrical impulses
ANS autonomic nervous system
CNS central nervous system
CP cerebral palsy
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA Cerebrovascular accident
EEG electroencephalography
MS multiple sclerosis
PNS peripheral nervous system
TIA transient ischemic attack
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva
aque/o watery
blast/o immature
blephar/o eyelid
corne/o cornea
dacry/o tears
dacryocyst/o tear sac
dipl/o double
fund/o fundus; base
glauc/o silver; gray
ir/o; irid/o iris
kerat/o cornea
lacrim/o tears
ocul/o eye
ophthalm/o eye
opt/o eye; vision
palpebr/o eyelid
phac/o; phak/o lens
phot/o light
pupill/o pupil
retin/o retina
scler/o sclera; hard
uve/o uvea
vitre/o glassy; jelly like
ect- outside; out
en-; eso- in; inward
ex- out; outward
presby- aging; old
-metry to measure
-opia vision
-tropia; -tropion to turn; turning
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
blepharoptosis drooping of an eyelid
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva
dacryocystitis inflammation of the tear sac or lacrimal sac
diabetic retinopathy disease of the retina caused by diabetes
diplopia double vision
ectropion turning outward of the eyelash margins
entropion turning inward of the eyelash margins
esotropia cross eyed
exophthalmia protrusion of the eyeballs
exotropia wall eyed
hyperopia far sightedness
iritis inflammation of the iris
keratitis inflammation of the cornea
myopia near sightedness
nyctalopia night blindness
ophthalmia neonatorum inflammation of the conjunctiva of a newborn
photophobia sensitivity to light
photoretinitis damage to the retina due to overexposure to light
presbyopia old vision
retinitis pigmentosa degenerative disease defective night vision and decreased field of vision
retinoblastoma malignant tumor of the retina
retinopathy disease of the retina
sclerokeratitis inflammation of the sclera and cornea
strabismus inability of the eyes to gaze in the same direction because of muscle weakness
uveitis inflammation of the iris, ciliary body and choroid
blepharoplasty surgical repair of the eyelid
funduscopy examination of the interior posterior part of the eye using an ophthalmoscope
intraocular lens implant surgical implantation of lens usually done as part of cataract extraction
iridectomy removal of a section of the iris
keratoplasty surgical repair of the cornea
ophthalmoscopy examination of the interior part of the eye
photoreactive keratectomy surgical removal of the corneal surface to correct myopia
radial keratotomy spoke like incisions in the cornea
retinal photocoagulation laser surgery of the retina
scleral buckling repair of retinal detachment by folding the sclera
vitrectomy removal of the vitreous humor
OD right eye
OS left eye
OU each eye
PERRLA pupils equal round, reactive to light and accommodation
REM rapid eye movement
acoust/o hearing
audi/o hearing; sound
cochle/o cochlea
labyrinth/o inner ear; labyrinth
laryng/o larynx
myc/o fungus
myring/o eardrum
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
staped/o stapes
tympan/o eardrum
-cusis; -cusia hearing
-metry to measure
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhea discharge; flow
acoustic neuroma benign tumor of the acoustic nerve
labyrinthitis inflammation or infection of the inner ear
myringitis inflammation of the eardrum
otalgia earache
otitis externa external ear infection
otitis media infection of the middle ear; classic ear infection
otmycosis fungal infection of the external auditory meatus
otorrhea discharge from the ear
otosclerosis ossification of the bones of the middle ear especially the stapes causing tinnitus and deafness
presbycusis old hearing
serous otitis media middle ear infection with serous fluid behind eardrum
suppurative otitis media middle ear infection with pus behind the eardrum
tympanitis inflammation of the eardrum
audiogram graphic record of hearing
audiometry measuring the sense of hearing
myringoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum
myringotomy incision into the eardrum
myringotomy and tubes incision into the eardrum and the placement of tubes
otoplasty surgical repair of the ear
otoscopy examination of the eardrum using an otoscope
stapedectomy removal of the stapes
tympanoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum
tympanotomy incision into the eardrum
AD right ear
AS left ear
AU each ear
EENT eyes, ears, nose, throat
TM tympanic membrane
Created by: 572787481