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Swinson Vocabulary

Swinson Vocabulary in Mathematics

algorithm a step-by-step solution to a problem; A logical step-by-step procedure for solving a mathematical problem in a finite number of steps, often involving repetition of the same basic operation.
absolute value The distance from a point on the number line to zero; the absolute value is always positive.
algebraic expression An algebraic expression is made up of three things: numbers, variables, and math operations; terms combined by an operation that has variables and numbers. 2a has a number, variable, and multiplication
composite number A Composite Number can be divided evenly by numbers other than 1 or itself.
prime number A whole number that is divisible by only 1 & itself.
division splitting into equal parts or groups. It is the result of "fair sharing".
divisor The number you divide by. dividend ÷ divisor = quotient in 12 ÷ 3 =4, 3 is the divisor
dividend The amount that you want to divide up; dividend ÷ divisor = quotient Example: in 12 ÷ 3 = 4, 12 is the dividend.
quotient from quot-, "how many". The result of a division problem. 63 ÷ 9 = 7
product a product is the answer to a multiplication problem. The product of 2 and 3 is 6.
factor when whole numbers other than zero are multiplied together, each number is a factor of the product. 5 & 2 are factors of 10
equivalent The state of being equal. Having the same amount or value. Example: 60 seconds = 1 minute is an equality
fraction Part of a whole; a number written with the bottom part (the denominator) telling you how many parts the whole is divided into, and the top part (the numerator) telling how many you have
place value The value of where the digit is in the number, such as units, tens, hundreds, etc.
estimate It is when you give a value that is closest to the original value.
polygon is a closed plane figure that is formed by three or more segments called sides. Each side intersects exactly two other sides at a vertex.
relatively prime When the common factor for any two numbers is 1; an example is when I am simplifying fractions.
GCF The largest factor shared by a set of numbers. largest) common(same) factor(#s being multiplied)
equivalent fractions Fractions that have the same value but different numerators & denominators.
multiple The product of a whole # and any nonzero whole # Example: multiples of 4: 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28…
LCM Least Common Multiple is the smallest common multiple of two or more non-zero whole numbers.
LCD Least Common Denominator is the smallest number that can be exactly divisible by all the denominators of a given set of fractions.
mixed number A number that is made up of a whole number and a fraction.
improper fraction A fraction whose numerator is larger than or equal to the denominator.
terminating decimal A decimal that ends. For example, 0.4 is a terminating decimal.
repeating decimal A repeating decimal is one whose numeral goes on forever. For example  is a repeating decimal 0.3333333333333333333……
Created by: swinsoa