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ST Pharmacology Test

Comprehensive Pharmacology Test One - Surgical Technology

QuestionAnswer
Epinephrine - Adrenergics Trade: Adrenalin Generic: Epinephrine Indication: Superficial bleeding; prolongs the effect of local anesthetics Surgical Use: Topical hemostasis; added to local anesthesia to prolong effect
Phenylephrine - Adrenergics Trade: Neosynephrine Generic: Phenylephrine Hydrochloride Indication: Shrink mucous membranes before nasal surgery; treat malignant hypotension; pupil dilation before cataract surgery Surgical Use: Treatment of spinal anesthesia induced hypotension; sh
Codeine - Analgesics Trade: Codeine Generic: Codeine Sulfate Indication: Mild to moderate pain Surgical Use: Not commonly used int he OR - Post-Op pain management
Sublimaze - Analgesics Trade: Sublimaze Generic: Fentanyl Citrate Indication: Moderate to severe pain Surgical Use: Adjunct to general or regional anesthesia
Demerol - Analgesics Trade: Demerol Generic: Meperidine Hyrdrochlorice Indication: Moderate to severe pain Surgical Use: Adjunct to general or regional anesthesia
Morphine - Analgesics Trade: Morphine Generic: Morphine Sulfate Indication: Severe pain Surgical Use: Adjunct to general or regional anesthesia
Dilaudid - Analgesics Trade: Dilaudid Generic: Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Indication: Moderate to severe pain Surgical Use: Used during and after surgery for pain relief
Sufenta - Analgesics Trade: Sufenta Generic: Sufentanil Citrate Indication: Used when pain relief is required for a short period of time Surgical Use: Adjunct to general or regional anesthesia
Aspirin - Analgesic Antipyretic Agents Trade: Aspirin Generic: Acetylsalicylic Acid Indication: Mild pain or fever; prevent thrombosis Surgical Use: Not commonly used in the OR; patient who has recently taken aspirin based products may have increased oozing/bleeding during surgery
Tylenol - Analgesic Antipyretic Agents Trade: Tylenol Generic; Acetaminophen Indication: Mild pain or fever Surgical Use: Not commonly used in OR setting
Advil - Analgesic Antipyretic Agents Trade: Advil Generic: Ibuprofen Indication: Mild to moderate pain Surgical Use: Not commonly used in OR setting
Naprosyn - Analgesic Antipyretic Agents Trade: Naprosyn Generic: Naproxen Sodium Indication: Mild to moderate pain Surgical Use: Not commonly used in PR setting
Toradol - Analgesic Antipyretic Agents Trade: Toradol Generic: Ketorolac Tromethamine Indication: Short term moderately severe pain management
Versed - Antianxiety Trade: Versed Generic: Midazolam Hyrdochloride Indication: Sedation; reduce anxiety related to surgery Surgical Use: Pre- and Intra- operative sedation
Valium - Antianxiety Trade: Valium Generic: Diazepam Indication: Sedation; reduce anxiety related to surgery Surgical Use: Pre- and Intra- operative sedation
Ativan - Antianxiety Trade: Ativan Generic: Lorazepam Indication: Sedation; reduce anxiety related to surgery Surgical Use: Not frequently used in the OR
Xanax - Antianxiety Trade: Xanax Generic: Alprazolam Indication: Sedation; reduce anxiety related to surgery Surgical Use: Pre- and Intra- operative sedation
Xylocaine - Anti-Arrhythmics Trade: Xylocaine, Lignocaine Generic: Lidocaine Hydrochloride Indication: Ventricular arrhythmias Surgical Use: Emergency medication used during cardiac arrest or ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation
Pronestyl - Anti-Arrhythmics Trade: Pronestyl Generic: Procainamide Hydrochloride Indication: Ventricular arrhythmias Surgical Use: Emergency medication used during cardiac arrest or ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation
Garamycin - Antibiotic - Aminoglycosides Trade: Garamycin Generic: Gentamycin Sulfate Indication: Treatment of infection caused by GI microbes Surgical Use: Preop prophylaxis for bowel or GU surgery; endocarditis prophylaxis
Neosulf - Antibiotic - Aminoglycosides Trade: Neosulf Generic: Neomycin Sulfate Indication: Treatment of infection caused by GI microbes Surgical Use: Preop prophylaxis for bowel or GU surgery; endocarditis prophylaxis
Penicillin G - Antibiotic - Penicillins Trade: Generic: Penicillin G Indication Moderate to severe systemic infection Surgical Use: Sepsis
Ampicillin - Antibiotic - Penicillins Trade: Ampicin Generic: Ampicillin Indication: Treatment of infection of the respiratory tract, skin, or meningitis Surgical Use: Sepsis; not commonly used in OR
Ancef - Antibiotic - Cephalosporins Trade: Ancef, Kefzol Generic: Cefazolin Sodium Indication: Treatment of infection of respiratory, biliary, and GU tracts, skin, soft tissue, bone/joint infection, septicemia Surgical Use: Surgical prophylaxis; sepsis
Keflex - Antibiotic - Cephalosporins Trade: Keflex Generic: Cephalexin Monohydrate Indication: Treatment of infection of respiratory, biliary, and GU tracts, skin, soft tissue, bone/joint infection, septicemia Surgical Use: Surgical prophylaxis; sepsis
Cefotan - Antibiotic - Cephalosporins Trade: Cefotan Generic: Cefotetan Disodium Indication: Treatment of infection of respiratory, biliary, and GU tracts, skin, soft tissue, bone/joint infection, septicemia Surgical Use: Surgical prophylaxis; sepsis
Rocephin - Antibiotic - Cephalosporins Trade: Rocephin Generic: Ceftriaxone Sodium Indication: Treatment of infection of respiratory, biliary, and GU tracts, skin, soft tissue, bone/joint infection, septicemia Surgical Use: Surgical prophylaxis; sepsis
Flagyl - Antibiotic - Amebicide/Antiprotozoal Trade: Flagyl Generic: Metronidazole Indication: Bacterial infections cause by anaerobic microbes Surgical Use: Prevents infections from GI microbes
Bacitracin - Miscellaneous Antibiotic Trade: Bacitracin Generic: Bacitracin Indication: Staphylococcus infections Surgical Use: Prophylactic Orthopedic/GU irrigation
Neosporin - Miscellaneous Antibiotic Trade: Neosporin Generic: Neomycin, Polymixin, Bacitracin Indication: Staphylococcus infections Surgical Use: Topical ointment to prevent post-op wound infection
Cortisporin - Miscellaneous Antibiotic Trade: Cortisporin Generic: Neomycin, Polymixin, Bacitracin Indication: Staphylococcus infections Surgical Use: Antibiotic and steroid to prevent infection and reduce inflammation
Vancocin - Miscellaneous Antibiotic Trade: Vancocin Generic: Vancomycin Hydrochloride Indication: Severe infections; methacillin-resistant infections Surgical Use: Severe infections; methacillin-resistant infections
Aerosporin - Miscellaneous Antibiotic Trade: Aerosporin Generic: Polymixn B Sulfate Indication: Eye, pseudomonas or gram negative infections Surgical Use: Prophylactic orthopedic irrigation
Cipro - Fluoroquinolones - Antibiotic Trade: Cipro Generic: Ciprofloxacin Indication: UTIs, respiratory and skin infections, bone/joint infections Surgical Use: Severe orthopedic or abdominal infections; sinusitis
Silvadene - Sulfomamides - Antibiotic Trade: Silvadene Generic: Silver Sulfadiazine Indication: Prevents infections in open burns Surgical Use: Treatment of skin burns
1 g = 1000 mg
1 mg = 1000 mcg = 0.001g
1 mcg - 0.001 mg = 0.00001 g
1 kg = 1000g
Heparin Sodium - Anticoagulant Trade: Heparin Generic: Heparin Sodium Indication: Treatment/prevention of DVT, thrombosis, pulmonary embolus Surgical Use: Prevent blood clot formation during vascular procedures or during placement of intravascular devices
Warafrin - Anticoagulant Trade: Coumadin Generic: Warafrin Indication: Long-term treatment/prevention of DVT, thrombosis, pulmonary embolus Surgical Use: Not commonly used int he OR; Pre-op Coumadin use can lead to significant increase in intraoperative bleeding
Streptokinase - Anticoagulant Trade: Streptase Generic: Streptokinase Indication: Used as a thrombolysis medication, in some cases of myocardial infarction (heart attack), and pulmonary embolism Surgical Use: Prevent postoperative adhesions
Protamine Sulfate - Anticoagulant Antagonist Trade: Protamine Sulfate Generic: Protamine Sulfate Indication: Heparin reversal Surgical Use: Reverses the effects of Heparin Sodium
Droperidol - Antiemetic Trade: Inapsine Generic: Droperidol Indication: Intraoperative sedation; perioperative postoperative nausea & vomiting (PONV) management Surgical Use: Anesthesia adjunct to reduce anxiety and PONV
Reglan - Antiemetic Trade: Reglan Generic: Metoclopremide Indication: Treatment/prevention of PONV Surgical Use: Perioperative PONV
Zofran - Antiemetic Trade: Zofran Generic: Ondansetron Indication: Treatment/prevention of PONV Surgical Use: Perioperative PONV
Promethazine - Antiemetic Trade: Phenergan Generic: Promethazine Indication: Treatment/prevention of PONV Surgical Use: Perioperative PONV
Compazine - Antiemetic Trade: Compazine Generic: Prochlorperazine Indication: Control of severe nausea and vomiting Surgical Use:used to control the nausea and vomiting that occur during recovery from the general anesthetics used in surgery
Anzemet - Antiemetic Trade: Anzemet Generic: Dolasetron Indication: Treatment/prevention of PONV Surgical Use: Perioperative PONV
Benadryl - Antihistamine Trade: Benadryl Generic: Diphenhydramine Indication: Hypersensitivity reaction Surgical Use: Not commonly used in OR
Nitropruside Sodium - Antihypertensive Trade: Nitropress, Nipride Generic: Nitroprusside Sodium Indication: Hypertensive crisis Surgical Use: Control hypertensive episodes intraoperatively
Theophylline - Bronchodilator Trade: Aminophylline Generic: Theophylline Indication: Bronchspasm; asthma Surgical Use: Acute Bronchospasm
Albuterol - Bronchodilator Trade: Ventolin Generic: Albuterol Indication: Bronchospasm; asthma Surgical Use: Acute bronchospasm
Xopenex - Bronchodilator Trade: Xopenex Generic: Levalbuterol Indication: Bronchospasm; asthma Surgical Use: Acute bronchospasm
NPO Nothing per os (mouth)
NKA No known allergies
GT, GTT Drops
PO Per os - By mouth
T, TBS, TBSP Tablespoon
1 L = 1000 mL
1 mL = 1 cc = 0.001 L
1 cc = 1 mL = 0.001 L
Isoproterenol - Cardiac Agent Trade: Isuprel Generic: Isoproterenol Hydrochloride Indication: Heart block, ventricular arrhythmias Surgical Use: Emergency medicine used during cardiac arrest or ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation
Labetalol - Cardiac Agent Trade: Normodyne Generic: Labetalol Indication: Hypertensive crisis Surgical Use: Hypertensive crisis
Digoxin - Cardiac Agent Trade - Lanoxin Generic: Digoxin Indication: Heart failure, superventricular tachycardia, arterial fibrillation Surgical Use: Emergency medication used during cardiac arrest or heart failure
Dopamine Hydrochloride - Cardiac Agent Trade: Dopamine Generic: Dopamine Hydrochloride Indication: Correction of hemodynamic imbalances present in the shock syndrome Surgical Use: Vasopressor
Nitroglycerin - Cardiac Agent Trade: Nitrolingual Generic: Nitroglycerin Indication: Angina; congestive heart failure Surgical Use: Treating high blood pressure during surgery
Levophed - Cardiac Agent Trade: Levophed Bitartrate Generic: Norepinephrine Indication: Life threatening hypotension Surgical Use: Acute hypotension; septic shock
Vitamin K - Coagulant Trade: AquaMephyton Generic: Vitamin K Indication: Hypoprothrombinemia Surgical Use: Promote clot formation following T&A
Cystografin; Hypaque; Renografin - Contrast Media Trade: Cystografin; Hypaque; Renografin Generic: Diatrizoate Meglumine; Diatrizoate Sodium; Hypaque Meglumine Indication: Outline hollow structures for visualization during radiologic examinations Surgical Use: Outline structures during biliary or urin
Cholografin - Contrast Media Trade: Cholografin Meglumine Generic: Iodipamide Indication: Outline hollow structures for visualization during radiologic examinations Surgical Use: Outline structures during biliary or urinary surgical interventions
Angioconray - Contrast Media Trade: Angio-Conray Generic: Iothalamate Indication: Outline hollow structures for visualization during radiologic examinations Surgical Use: Outline structures during biliary or urinary surgical interventions
Barium - Contrast Medium Trade: Barium Generic: Barium Sulfate Indication: Outline hollow structures for visualization during radiologic examinations Surgical Use: Outline structures during biliary or urinary surgical interventions
Isovue - Contrast Medium Trade: Isovue Generic: Iopamidol Indication: Outline hollow structures for visualization during radiologic examinations Surgical Use: Outline structures during biliary or urinary surgical interventions
Optiray - Contrast Medium Trade: Optiray Generic: Ioversol Indication: Outline hollow structures for visualization during radiologic examinations Surgical Use: Outline structures during biliary or urinary surgical interventions
Lasix - Diuretic Trade: Lasix Generic: Furosemide Indication: Pulmonary edema, hypertension Surgical Use: Maintain urinary output intraoperatively; fluid overload
Osmitrol - Diuretic Trade: Osmitrol Generic: Mannitol Indication: Generalized edema, oligouria; impaired renal function Surgical Use: Decrease ICP, IOP, or generalized fluid retention/edema
Bumetanide - Diuretic Trade: Bumex Generic: Bumetanide Indication: Generalized edema Surgical Use: Generalized edema; reduce swelling of arms, legs and abdomen
1 m = 100 cm = 1000 mm
1 cm = 0.001 m = 10 mm
1 mm = 0.001 m = 0.1 cm
Brilliant Green - Dye Trade: Generic: Brilliant Green Indication: Skin marking, tatooing, following a tract Surgical Use: Stains tissue
Genetian Violet - Dye Trade: Generic: Genetian Violet Indication: Skin marking, tatooing, following a tract Surgical Use: Stains tissue
Indigo Carmine - Dye Trade: Generic Indigo Carmine Indication: Skin marking, tatooing, following a tract Surgical Use: Stains tissue
Methylene Blue - Dye Trade: Generic: Methylene Blue Indication: Skin marking, tatooing, following a tract Surgical Use: Stains tissue
Isosulfan Blue - Dye Trade: Generic: Isosulfan Blue Indication: Delineates the lymphatic vessels Surgical Use: Visualization to the lymphatic system draining the region of injection
Acetic Acid - Dye Trade
Created by: 2733340 on 2012-10-09



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