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Ayurveda Ch. 1


artha pursuit of necessities to support life (no more, no less); lower function can lead to greed, excess, and waste
dharma lower level: job, higher level: divine purpose of ones gifts; lower function leads to pursuit of status and power, higher function leads to motivation by spiritual aspirations using dharma as servant of god
four fold path to self-realization in vedanta santosh: contentment, satsang: company of wise, atmavichara: self inquiry, shant: peace of mind
pramanas four methods of arriving at the truth: direct perception, testimony, analogy, inference
asana body posture
proper digestion pillar requires intake of constitutionally appropriate foods and consumation with regard to food combinations, results in increased ojas and extraction of food nutrients and prana, when properly followed and doshic imbalance when not
vaisheshika a system that organizes the world into 9 dravyas "atomic view of the world"
laghu treya 3 lesser/supplemental books: ashtanga samgraha, madhava nidanam, sarangadhara samhita
astanga hridayam in part a retelling of caraka samhita and brings knowledge in from other writing such as sushruta, author- vagbhata
moksha liberation of soul from life and death cycle
manas limited mind, projected by ahamkara
vrittis disturbances within mind that disrupt mental tranquility and bring challenging emotions into awareness
9 dravyas earth, air, spaces, water, ether, fire, atman, time, mind
disease any impedance to the flow of energy through system
sankhya philosophy story of creation, list of 24 tattwas which all creation rests on, knowledge of sankhya derived from sankhya karika
3 gunas tamas (inertia), rajas (action), sattva (clarity)
OM the sound of creation, all of creation vibrates in harmony with it and it vibrates within all creation
therapeutics how to treat/manage disease
dhari keeps body from decaying
purusha pure potential consciousness, male foce of universe, injected itself into prakriti to further know itself forming creation
ama toxins, coat cells and clog body channel systems, interfering with normal biological processes and functions
lord dhanvantari god of ayurveda and of healing, four arms holding conch, leach, circular chakra, amrit; prayer to him awakens healing potential
caraka samhita originally called 'agnivesa tantra' revised by caraka, written between 1500BC-200AD, contains teachings of agnivesa, first known text to divide ayurveda into 8 branches
paramatman hihger aspect of soul, connecting with purusha in mimamsa philosophy
jivita that which keeps us alive
symptomatology study of symptoms associated with disease/imbalances
dhyana sustaining focus, ability to concentrate on a single point, second aspect of meditation
vedanta philosophy basis for jnana yoga, teaching theres supreme ruler "ishvara" who comes to devotee in comfortable form ie. jesus, buddha, oldest philosophical and spiritual tradition of india
advaita vedanta form of vedanta stating theres no separation between ourselves and god, believes not that we are all parts of a greater whole, but that we are the whole, and the parts are the illusion
fundamental vedanta principles everyone and everything is god, the world around us is maya, self realization is the process of awakening to the above truths
pranayama practice of proper breathing
pratyahara withdrawal/mastery of senses, withdrawing them from attraction of desirous or sensuous objects
dharana focusing on the attention, first aspect of meditation
characteristics to path to self realization in vedanta viveka, vairagya, mumukshutva, shad sampat, sama, dama, uparati, titiksha, sraddha, samadhana
samyama persistent practice of highest aspects of yoga (dharana, dhyana, samadhi)
viveka discerning truth from illusion
vairagya nonattachment to world experiences
mumukshutva intense desire for liberation of soul
shad sampat six fold virtues
sama tranquility of mind
dama self restraint
uparati renunciation
titiksha endurance
sraddha faith
samadhana focused mind
nyaya system of philosophy thats an intellectual system describing means for arriving at the truth
kama pursuit of pleasure, primary goals of the senses, greatest form is sexual, lower function leads to over-indulgence, higher function leads to preservation of life through attraction to what is pleasurable
dhatus tissues
3 fundamental causes of disease the unwholesome conjunction of the sense with their objects of affection, prajnaparadha, parinama
prajnaparadha intellectual blasphemy, the failure of the intellect or crimes against wisdom
parinama transformation or decay due to time and motion
anubandha soul-- that which transmigrates from one body to the next
ahamkara ego, sense of self
pancha maha bhutus 5 great elements; ether, air, fire, water, earth
5 additional causes of disease vata, pitta, kapha,rajas, tamas
5 tanmatras root energies for sensory experience; shabdha, sparsha, rupa, rasa, gandha
shabdha sound
sparsha touch
rupa sight
rasa taste
gandha smell
etiology study of cause of disease/ origination
svastha established in the self, perfect health, self esteem in the west
primary goal of ayurveda keep mankind healthy
direct perception merging ones self with subject studied, personal observation of reality through any of the 5 senses, ( all indigenous knowledge obtained through this)
8 branches of ayurveda obstetrics/surgery; diseases of the ears, eyes, nose and throat; internal medicine; mental diseases; pediatrics; management of poisions; rejuvenation; aphrodisiacs/care of reproductive system
tattwas principle which all creation rests on
samadhi integration or "one-ness" with all things that occur when mind is balanced and at peace
3 pillars of life proper management of food/digestion, sleep, brahmacharya
3 classifications of disease endogenous, exogenous, psychic
endogenous origin inside the body
exogenous origin outside the body
psychic origin entirely within person own mind
2 additional tattwas purusha, atman
karma yoga yoga of action, subduing ego through selfless service
mimamsa philosophy with origin of principle of karma describing how how we live and make choices affect our experience of reality in the next life; two aspects of atman: paramatman, jivatman
darshana philosophy
bhakti yoga yoga of devotion, surrendering ego through worship of teacher of god or god directly
ayus/veda ayus: body, sense organs, mind, soul combination; veda: knowledge, "knowledge of life"
tat twam asi thou art that, key phrase in vedanta teaching everything perceived is god and not separate from eachother/you
8 steps to self realization the yamas, the niyamas, asana, pranayama, pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, samadhi
karma law of cause and effect or action and reaction, binds the soul to the cycle of birth and death
samskaras our tendancies that create basic reaction to world
jivan mukta liberated soul
2 types of samadhi samprajnata: state of awareness bound to one-ness, asamprajnata: reunification thats absent of awareness
samadhi attainment through 5 efforts faith-to preserve on journey, effort-committing whole self to journey, learning-study scripture, concentration-cultivate single mindedness, discrimination-ability to identify differene btwn soul associated with mind and when free
4 goals of life kama, artha, dharma, moksha
mahat cosmic laws (intelligence of universe), all laws of nature:subtle and gross, subtle: karma, laws governing health and disease in ayurveda; gross: physics and chemistry
3 pursuits (natural instincts) of life to live, to earn, to perform virtuous acts
sleep pillar sleep gives body opportunity to use energy to repair/heal damage from day, without proper amount bodys unable to repair damage and in turn breaks down
brihat treya 3 most important books in classic ayurveda, caraka samhita, sushruta samhita, ashtanga hridayam
sushruta samhita considered second most important book in ayurveda,known for exposition on subject of surgery, first text to list names and locations of marmas, originally called salyatantra
the niyamas 5 devotions; saucha, santash, tapas, swadaya, ishawrapranida
saucha cleanliness
santash contentment
tapas self discipline
swadaya self and scriptural study
ishwarapranida devotion to journey
prakriti pure potential for matter, female force of universe, the "womb" where the "primal seed" was stimulated via purusha to form creation
ego sense of separateness and individualit
pancha jnanedriyani 5 sense organs, buddhi: intellectual organs; ears, skin, eyes, tongue, nose
24 tattwas prakriti, mahat, ahamkara, pancha maha bhutus, 5 tanmatras, pancha jnanedriyanis, pancha karmendryanis, manas
pancha karmendryani 5 potential organs for action; mouth, hands, feet, urinogenital, anus
jivatman lower aspect of soul, connected with physical plane in mimamsa philosophy
brahmacharya pillar practice of sexual abstinence, also management of sexual energy, excessive sexual release reduces ojas which leaves a person (esp sick) in weakened/ exhausted state
desire to live most basic instinct of life, initially motivates health lifestyle, higher meaning motivates living harmoniously to fufill high aspects of 4 goals of life, leading to moksha
according to vedanta, to attain moksha, students have to overcome which 5 kleshas (afflictions) of humanity avidya, asmita, attachment, hatred, clining to life (illusion of life itself and its containment in physical body- deha adhyasa)
avidya ignorance
asmita egoism
desire to earn allows pursuit of artha, performed through higher function means and in service to humanity is permissible, over attachment to money and less service leads to greed
the yamas 5 disciplines of practice; ahimsa, satyam, aparigraha, brahmacharya, asteya
ahimsa non violence
satyam truthfulness
aparigraha taking nothing from others, even gifts for service
asteya non possessiveness
desire to perform virtuous acts deep desire in human nature, coming from same place as desire for moksha
jnana yoga yoga of knowledge, subduing ego through realization that all of creation is illusion
raja yoga path of practice, path towards self realization and enlightenment
2 goals of ayurveda keep body in svastha, to show us how to use health as basis of path to enlightenment
5 main obstacles to overcome to attain samadhi avidya, asmita, raga, dvesa, abhinevesa
avidya ignorance
asmita egoism
raga desire/passion
dvesa aversion to suffering
abhinevesa attachment to life
prana life force energy
malas wastes
atman spirit/soul, part of god residing within us
Created by: 100000312013076