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Maternity Unit1


Abortion A pregnancy that ends before 20 weeks of gestation, either spontaneously or electively.
Adaptation Adjusting into new conditions, i.e. parenthood.
Amnion The innermost membrane that encloses the embryo of a mammal, bird, or reptile.
Ballotttement A palpatory technique for detecting or examining an organ not near the surface of the body.
Braxton-Hicks contractions Irregular, mild uterine contractions that occur throughout pregnancy and become stronger in the last trimester
Chadwick’s sign Bluish purple discoloration of the cervix, vagina, and labia during pregnancy as a resulf of increased vascular congestion.
Child rearing Also known as parenting or looking after a child until they are old enough to care for themselves
Chloasma A patchy brown or dark brown skin discoloration that usually occurs on a woman’s face and may result from hormonal changes.
Chorion The cellular, outermost extraembryonic membrane, composed of trophoblast lined with mesoderm
Chorion gonadotropin A glycoprotein hormone produced in pregnancy that is made by the developing embryo after conception and later by the syncytiotrophoblast.
Corpus leteum Graafian follicle cells remaining after ovulation that produce estrogen and progesterone.
Decidua Name applied to the endometrium during pregnancy.
Diastasis recti Separation of the longitudinal muscles of the abdomen during pregnancy.
Endometrium Lining of the uterus.
Estrogen Steroidal hormone that promotes the development and maintenance of female characteristics of the body.
Gravida A woman who is or has been pregnant, regardless of the duration or outcome of the pregnancy.
Hyper emesis gravidarum Excessive vomiting during pregnancy.
Kick count The constellation of activity by the fetus in the uterus
Linea nigra The linea alba when it has become pigmented in pregnancy. The dark line from the umbilicus to the pubes
Morning sickness Nausea and vomiting upon rising in the morning, especially during pregnancy.
Non-stress test A method for evaluating fetal status during the antepartum period by observing the response of the fetal heart rate to fetal movement.
Oxytocin challenge test (CST) A contraction stress test in which the uterine contractions are stimulated by intravenous infusion of oxytocin.
Para A woman who has given birth after a pregnancy of at least 20 weeks of gestation; also designates the number of pregnancies that end after at least 20 weeks of gestation.
Positive Fetal heart tones, heard on auscultation, fetal skeleton (x-ray), fetal parts (felt on palpation.
Presumptive Cessation of menses and morning sickness.
Probable Enlargement of abdomen, Goodell’s sign, Hegar’s sign, Braxton Hicks’ sign, and positive hormonal test results.
Progesterone A steroid hormone release by the corpus luteum that stimulates the uterus to prepare for pregnancy.
Quickening The first movements of the fetus felt by the mother.
Striae gravidarum Irregular pink to purple streaks on the woman’s abdomen, breats, or buttocks resulting from tears in connective tissue.
Torchscreen A groupd of blood tests that check for several different infections in a newborn. (TORCH: Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes simples, and HIV)
Trimester One of three equal, 13 week parts of a full term pregnancy.
Varicose veins Veins that have become enlarged and tortuous.
Areola The small circular area or ring of pigmented skin surrounding the nipple.
Created by: Keller_K