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第十二课 D1

Dialogue one of Lesson 12 in Integrated Chinese, Level Part 2 Textbook, CC2

QuestionAnswerExample
饭馆(儿) fan4 guan3(r); Restaurant (noun)
好像 hao3 xing4; To seem, To be like (verb)
位子 wei4 zi; Seat (noun)
服务员 fu2 wu4 yuan2; Waiter, Attendant (noun)
服务 fu2 wu4; To serve, To provide service (verb)
桌子 zhuo1 zi; Table (noun)
点菜 dian3 cai4; To order food (verb object)
pan2; Plate, Dish (noun)
饺子 jiao3 zi; dumplings with vegetable and/or meat filliong (noun)
su4; Vegetarian, Made from vegetables (adjective)
家常 jia1 chang2; Home-style (noun)
豆腐 dou4 fu; Tofu, Bean curd (noun)
fang4; To put, To place (Verb)
rou4; Meat (noun)
wan3; Bowl (noun)
酸辣汤 suan1 la4 tang1; Hot and sour soup (noun)
suan1; Sour (Adjective)
la4; Spicy, Hot (Adjective)
tang1; Soup (noun)
味精 wei4 jing1; Monosodium Glutamate, MSG (noun)
yan2; Salt (noun)
白菜 bai2 cai4; Bok Choy (noun)
gang1; Just (adverb)
卖完 mai4 wan2; To be sold out (vc)
wan2; Finished (c)
青菜 qing1 cai4; Green/leafy vegtable (noun)
冰茶 bing1 cha2; Iced tea (noun)
bing1; Ice (noun)
ke3; Thirsty (adjective)
xie1; Measure word for an indefinite amount, Some (measure word)
gou4; Enough (adjective)
饿 e4; Hungry (adjective)
上菜 shang4 cai4; To serve food (verb object)
Subject + 一 + Measure Word + Object + 也/都 + 不/没 + Verb Subject + yi4321 + Measure Word + Object + ye4/dou1 + bu4/mei2 + Verb If the noun is countable, use 一. Place a proper measure word between 一 and the noun.
小李一个朋友也没有。 Xiao3 Li3 yi2 ge peng2 you ye3 mei2 you3. Little Li does not have a single friend.
爸爸今天一杯茶都没喝。 Ba4 ba jin1 tian1 yi4 bei1 cha2 dou1 mei2 he1. My fater didn't have a single cup of tea today.
Topic + Subject + 一 + Measure Word + 也/都 + 不/没 + Verb Topic + Subject + yi4321 + Measure Word + ye4/dou1 + bu4/mei2 + Verb If the noun is countable, use 一. Place a proper measure word between 一 and the noun.
这些衬衫我一件也不喜欢。  Zhe4 xie1 chen4 shan1 wo3 yi2 jian4 ye3 bu4 xi3 huan. I don't like any of these shirts.
哥哥的鞋, 弟弟一双都不能穿。 ge1 ge de xie2, di4 di yi4 shuang1 dou1 bu4 neng2 chuan1. The younger brother cannot wear any of his older brother's shoes.
Subject + 一点儿 + Measure Word + Object + 也/都 + 不/没 + Verb Subject + yi4 dian3r + Measure Word + Object + ye4/dou1 + bu4/mei2 + Verb If the noun is uncountable, use 一点儿.
妈妈做菜一点儿味精都不放。 Ma1ma zuo44 cai4 yi4 dian3r wei4 jing1 dou1 bu2 fang. Mom doesn't use any MSG in her cooking.
多/少 + Verb Ex.: 。。。少放盐。。。 (add/use less salt) 。。。多说中文。。。 (speak more Chinese) Add 多/少 before verbs.
多/少 + Verb Ex.: 你多找了我一块钱。  (Ni3 duo1 zhao3 le wo3 yi2 kuai4 qian2) (You gave me one dollar too many.) 多/少 + Verb can be used sometimes denote a deviation from the correct amount or number.
刚 vs. 刚才 Ex. 我刚洗完噪, 舒服极了。  Wo3 gang1 xi3 wan2 zao3, shu1fu ji2 le. ) (I just showered, and feel so great.) 刚 (gang1) change or action took place in the most recent past. A sentence using 刚才 often ends with 了, however, a sentence using 刚 must not use 了.
Ex. 饭做好了, 快来吃吧。 (Fan4 suo4 hao3 le, kuai4 lai2 chi1 ba) (The food is ready. Come and Eat.) 好 indicates the readiness for the next action. (Completion, ex. Ready, done)
他去了商店,可是一点儿东西也没买。 Ta1 qu4 le shang1 dian4, ke3 shi4 yi4 dian3r dong1 xi ye3 mei2 mai3. He went to the store, but he didn't buy anything at all.
Created by: study4ever on 2012-10-04



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