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African American Art

19th-Century Portraits, Landscapes, & Sculpture

Portrait of a Gentleman, 1805-10 Joshua Johnson
Westwood Children, 1807 Joshua Johnson
Sarah Ogden Gustin, 1805 Joshua Johnson
Fruit Still Life, 1849 Robert S. Duncanson
Blue Hole Little Miami River, 1851 Robert S. Duncanson
The Land of the Lotus-Eaters, 1862 Robert S. Duncanson
Loch Long, 1867 Robert S. Duncanson
Mountain Pool, 1870 Robert S. Duncanson
Moon Over a Harbor, 1868 Edward M. Bannister
Newspaper Boy, 1869 Edward M. Bannister
Approaching Storm, 1886 Edward M. Bannister
Boston Street Scene, 1898 Edward M. Bannister
Forever Free, 1867 Edmonia W. Lewis
Hagar in the Wilderness, 1875 Edmonia W. Lewis
Death of Cleopatra, 1876 Edmona W. Lewis
The Old Arrow Maker and His Daughter, 1872 Edmonia W. Lewis
The Banjo Lesson, 1893 Henry O. Tanner
The Thankful Poor, 1894 Henry O. Tanner
Daniel in the Lion's Den, 1895 Henry O. Tanner
Resurrection of Lazarus, 1896 Henry O. Tanner
The Annunciation, 1898 Henry O. Tanner
Nicodemus Visiting Jesus, 1899-1900 Henry O. Tanner
Salome, 1900 Henry O. Tanner
Mary, 1914 Henry O. Tanner
Yosemite Falls, 1888 Grafton T. Brown
Young Lady on a Red Sofa, 1810 Joshua Johnson
Realism an approach to art in which subjects are portrayed in as straightforward manner as possible, without idealizing them. (mid-19th century)
Alain Locke coined the term "New Negro" to describe the identity of African Americans migrating to northern areas, the emergence of black intelligentsia
Barbizon School Found in Franc and promoted in the U.S. by William Morris Hunt (1824-1879), the idea of painting landscapes with more attention to detail than had been seen in the works of the Hudson River School
Daguerreotype a form of early photography popular in America during the 1840's
Double consciousness a people born with "two souls, two thoughts, two un-reconciled strivings, two warring ideals in on dark body.. {that causes one to examine them self} through the eyes of others.. that looks on in amused contempt".. (Du Bois)
Great Depression (1929-1939) a drastic decline in the world economy; an era of failing banks, massive unemployment , and bankrupt pocketbooks and attitudes
Still-Life the depiction of inanimate (non-living) objects. Common subjects include flowers and fruit, books, newspaper, and musical instruments; may contain complex iconography.
Surrealism a term coined by the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire (1880-1918) to describe two styles of art: a highly realistic dream-like image; a highly abstract image loosely drawn. Both involve the working of the unconsciousness.
The 306 Group a group of tightly knit African American artist meeting and exchanging ideas about the political and social meaning and purpose of their art. 306 became a leading intellectual and artistic center in Harlem
The New Deal (1933-1938) part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan to rebuild the economy. Consisted of programs to give relief, create jobs, and stimulate economic recovery.
The New Negro Movement In the early 1900s, particularly in the 1920s, African-American literature, art, music, dance, and social commentary began to flourish in Harlem, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston and on the West Coast in San Francisco.
The Spiral Group a close knight of African Americans artists whose membership totaled 14 members, founder by Romare Bearden in 1971
Textile Art a highly complex and sophisticated art form using textile fibers to produce quilts, banners, and wall-hangings.
Universal Negro Improvement Association (U.N.I.A.) a Black Nationalist Movement established by Marcus Garvey in New York in 1917. The mission of the UNIA was to instill unity and black pride for all people of African descent
W.E.B. Du Bois coined the term "double consciousness" and advocated Pan-Africanism
World War I the war (1914-1918) between the Allies (Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, Japan and the United States) against the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary)
World War II the war (1939-1945) between the Allies (Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union and the United States) against the Axis (Germany, Italy and Japan)
Works Progress Administration (WPA) a New Deal program, created in 1935 aimed towards people working and promoting the cultural arts
Mt. Hood from John Day's Station, 1885 Grafton T. Brown
Under the Oaks, 1870 Edward M. Bannister
Created by: clsecr01