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Top 200 Questions

UAMS Dispensing Test 3 Questions

Serevent Diskus onset of action 20 min
Foradil Aerolizer onset of action 10 min
Inhalers stored in refrigerator Foradil Aerolizer, Brovana
How long can Foradil Aerolizer be at room temperature? 4 months
levalbuterol is the _ isomer of __ R isomer of albuterol
arformoterol is the _ isomer of __ R isomer of formoterol
I for Brovana chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
2 examples of COPD chronic bronchitis and emphysema
How long can Brovana be at room temperature? 6 weeks
ages for Atrovent NS 0.03% 6 years and older
ages for Atrovent NS 0.06% 12 years and older
Atrovent HFA onset of action 15 min
Inhalers that have soya lecithin Atrovent HFA and Combivent
soya lecithin is a __ suspending agent
most common adverse effect with tiotropium xerostomia
5 types of inflammatory cells mast cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes
4 types of inflammatory mediators histamine, eicosanoids, leukotrienes, and cytokines
net effect of corticosteriods to reduce chronic inflammation in asthmatic airways
two adverse effects with orally inhaled corticosteriods oral candidiasis and dysphonia
should you use a bronchodilator or corticosteriod first if using both? use bronchodilator several minutes before the corticosteroid in order to enhance penetration of the corticosteroid
I of Singulair asthma prophylaxis, allergic rhinitis
4mg Singulair is I for pts age _ 2 through 5 years old
5 mg Singulair is I for pts age _ 6 through 14 years old
10 mg Singulair is I for pts age _ 15 years and older
4mg/packet Singulair is I for pts age _ 12 to 23 months old
mix Singulair granules with food or water? mix with soft food, do not mix with liquid
admin Singulair with/without food? Singulair can be admin without regard to meals
admin Accolate with/without food? admin Accolate on an empty stomach
I of intranasal corticosteriods tx allergic rhinitis
pt may use a topical decongestant __ min before admin of intranasal corticosteriod 5 to 10 min
do not use topical nasal decongestants longer than __ 3 days
long term use of topical nasal decongestants may result in __ rhinits medicamentosa
adverse effect with intranasal corticosteriods epistaxis
localized infections of the nose and pharynx with __ have dev with intranasal corticosteriods Candida albicans
antihistamines are useful as _, _, and _ sedatives, antiemetics, and antitussives
first generation antihistamines bind to _ non-selectively bind to central and peripheral H-1 receptors
second generation antihistamines bind to _ more selective for peripheral H-1 receptors
__ generation antihistamines cause more drowsiness first generation
class of clemastine 1G ethanolamine
class of diphenhydramine 1G ethanolamine
class of pyrilamine 1G ethylenediamines
class of brompheniramine 1G alkylamines
class of chlorpheniramine 1G alkylamines
class of promethazine 1G phenothiazines
class of hydroxyzine 1G piperazine
class of cyproheptadine 1G piperidine
class of cetirizine 2G piperazine
class of fexofenadine 2G piperadine
class of loratadine 2G piperadine
class of desloratadine 2G piperadine
class of azelastine 2G phthalazinones
white half of Allegra D tablet contains IR fexofenadine
tan half of Allegra D tablet contains insoluble wax matrix that slowly releases pseudoephedrine
I of Zyrtec allergic rhinitis, urticaria
ceterizine is a metabolite of hydroxyzine
I Clarinex allergic rhinitis, urticaria
I Tussionex relief of cough and allergy
dosage form of Tussionex oral suspension
Pseudomembranous colitis is caused by Clostridium difficile enterotoxins
tx with antibiotics may permit overgrowth of Clostridium difficile
penicillins are bactericidal/bacteristatic? bactericidal - inhibit cell wall synthesis
4 categories of penicillins natural penicillins, aminopenicillins, penicillinase resistant penicillins, and extended spectrum penicillins
category of penicillin G natural penicillin
category of penicillin V natural penicillins
category of ampicillin aminopenicillins
category of amoxicillin aminopenicillins
category of amoxicillin/potassium clavulanate aminopenicillins
category of dicloxacillin penicillinase resistant penicillins
category of nafcillin panicillinase resistant penicillins
category of oxacillin penicillinase resistant penicillins
category of carbenicillin extended spectrum penicillins
category of piperacillin extended spectrum penicillins
category of ticarcillin extended spectrum penicillins
take ampicillin with/without food take on empty stomach
take amoxicillin with/without food without regards to meals
storage/duration of amoxicillin oral suspension 14 days refrigeration or room temp
dosage of amoxicillin usually admin 2 or 3 times a day
storage of augmentin oral suspension refrigerate
potassium clavulanate is a beta-lactamase inhibitor
Pencillin G procain is admin _ IM, never IV
penicillin G benzathine is admin _ IM, never IV
penicillin G potassium/aqueous is admin IV or IM, IV is preferred
penicillin G potassium is a _ solution
tetracyclines are bactericidal/bacteriostatic bacteriostatic
tetracyclines are effective agains G+ or G-? wide range of G+ and G-
do not admin tetracyclines with antacids, milk, food, and vitamin/mineral products
tetracyclines are associated with photosensitivity
use of tetracyclines during pregnancy or in infants/children under 8 may cause permanent discoloration of teeth
tetracyclines are FDA pregnancy risk factor category _ D
__ is associated with outdated tetracyclines nephrotoxicity
non-FDA approved use of doxycycline prevent travelers diarrhea caused by E. coli
FDA approved med for travelers diarrhea Xifaxan (rifaxamin)
strength of Xifaxan 200 mg tablet
dosage of Xifaxan admin 200 mg tab TID for 3 days
storage/duration of Biaxin oral suspension 14 days at room temp - do not refrigerate
product I for tx of Helicobactor pylori Prevpac
Helicobacter pylori is associated with duodenal ulcers
Biaxin is used in combo with other meds to tx Helicobacter pylori
Prevpac contains 500 mg clarithromycin, 500 mg amoxicillin, 30 mg lasoprazole
dose for Prevpac admin all three meds together BID for 14 days
Z-Pak contains 250 mg tablets azithromycin
Tri-Pak contaiins 500 mg tablets azithromycin
Zmax contains 2 gram single dose
admin azithromycin oral suspension with/without food take on empty stomach
admin azithromycin tablets with/without food without regards to meals
I of Zithromax single one gram packet for oral suspension tx Chlamydia trachomatis
directions for Zithromax single one gram packet mix powder with 60 mL water and admin on empty stomach immediately after mixing
directions for Zmax mix microspheres with 60 mL water and consume as one dose on an empty stomach within 12 hours
cephalosporin cross-reactivity is __% in pts allergic to penicillin 3-7%
most cephalosporin suspensions should be stored _ under refrigeration
storage/duration of Omnicef oral suspension 10 days at room temp, do not refrigerate
adv. effect of cefdinir oral suspension may cause orange or red stools
therapeutic concentrations of nitrofurantoin are achieved in the urine
two forms of nitrofurantoin microcrystalline and macrocrystalline
take nitrofurantoin with/without food with food
dose of Macrodantin for UTI 50 to 100 mg four times a day
dose for Macrodantin capsules for long term suppressive therapy single daily dose
take single dose Macrodantin therapy at _ bedtime
strength of Furadantin 25 mg/ 5 mL suspension
nitrofurantoin monohydrate is a blend of powders that, upon exposure to gastric/intestinal fluids, forms a gel matrix that releases nitrofurantoin over time
fluoroquinolones are bactericidal/bacteriostatic bactericidal
fluoroquinolones are active against G+/G- both G+ and G-
fluoroquinolones are not recommended for pts under 18
rupture of Achilles tendon is associated with fluoroquinolones
increased intracranial pressure and seizures have occurred with fluoroquinolones
severe phototoxic reactions have been reported with Maxaquin
Avelox ABC Pack contains five 400 mg tablets to be admin once daily
Leva-pak contains five 750 mg tablets to be admin once daily
I of Leva-pak tx of community acquired pneumonia
Cipro oral suspension diluent contains sucrose, water, and flavoring
do not use _ to form the Cipro oral suspension water
storage/duration of Cipro Oral Suspension 14 days refrigerated or at room temp
Cipro Oral Suspension is not I for pts under 18
Impetigo is a contagious staphylococcal or streptococcal skin infection characterized by vesicles, pustules, and yellowish crusts
I for Bactroban impetigo
I for Altabax impetigo
admin of Altabax admin BID for 5 days
contents of Benzamycin Gel package 20 grams of benzoyl peroxide and a vial of 800 mg erythromycin powder
directions for Benzamycin Gel add 3 mL ethyl alcohol to the erythromycin and then mix into gel
storage of Benzamycin refrigerate
contents of BenzaClin package 20 grams benzoyl peroxide gel and a vial of 300 mg clindamycin powder
directions for BenzaClin add 5 mL water to clindamycin and then add to gel
storage of BenzaClin store at room temp for 10 weeks
I of fluconazole tx of localized fungal infections such as oral and vaginal candidiasis
I of ketoconazole cream tx of tinea pedis, tinea cruris, and tinea corporis
I ketoconazole shampoo reduction of scaling due to dandruff
admin Nizoral tablets with/without food admin with food
rare side effect of oral ketoconazole gynecomastia
I Sporanox oral solution tx oral candidiasis
directions for Sporanox oral solution swish 10 mL in mouth for several seconds and swallow
admin Sporanox capsules with/without food admin with food
admin Noxafil oral suspension with/without food admin with food
admin Vfend with/without food admin on empty stomach
admin fluconazole with/without food admin with or without food
storage/duration of Diflucan oral suspension 14 days at room temp
I of Diflucan 150 mg single dose vaginal candidiasis
dose of terbinafine for onychomycosis (fingernail) one tablet daily for 6 weeks
dose of terbinafine for onychomycosis (toenail) one tablet daily for 12 weeks
admin oral terbinafine with/without food admin without regard to meals
I of topical terbinafine tinea cruris, tinea pedis, and tinea corporis
Lamictal lamotrigine, anticonvulsant
I oral acyclovir tx and prophylaxis of genital herpes, tx of herpes zoster and varicella
__ acyclovir is more effective than __ acyclovir in the tx of genital herpes oral is more effective than topical
oral acyclovir is most effective is started with _ of onset of symptoms 24 hours
strength of Zovirax Oral Suspension 200 mg/5 mL
I of Zovirax Ointment initial episodes of genital herpes
Zovirax Ointment contains 5% acyclovir in a polyethylene glycol base
I of Zovirax Cream recurrent herpes labialis
I of Denavir Cream tx of herpes labialis
Denavir Cream penciclovir
Valtrex dose for Herpes zoster one gram TID for 7 days
Valtrex dose for recurrent genital herpes 500 mg BID for 3 days
Valtrex dose for Herpes labialis two grams BID for one day
valacyclovir is converted to acyclovir
Famvir dose for Herpes zoster 500 mg TID for 7 days
Famvir dose for Genital herpes 125 mg BID for 5 days
Famvir dose for Herpes labialis 1500 mg as a single dose
admin oseltamivir with/without food admin with food to reduce nausea
storage/duration of Tamiflu oral suspension 10 days, refrigerate
Created by: jmhernandez