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VZ WG-5 Landforms

Stack contains cards for landforms and water forms

QuestionAnswer
VZ WG 5 Landforms & Waters
Peninsula A landform that is nearly surrounded by water and is connected to a larger landmass by an isthmus.
Canal An artificial waterway for navigation, irrigation, etc.
Fjord Narrow deep inlets of the sea set between high rocky cliffs.
Lake A body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land.
Ocean A vast body of water that covers almost three-fourths of the Earth's surface.
Bay Inlet of the sea or any other body of water.
Channel Strait or narrow sea between two land masses.
Glacier Thick masses of ice including great ice sheets and bodies of ice that flow down mountains.
Marsh Tract of soft wetland.
Plain An area of land not significantly higher than adjacent areas and with relatively minor differences in elevation, commonly less than 500 feet.
Shoal A place where a sea, river, or other body of water's shallow
Volcano A vent in the Earth's crust through which lava, steam, ashes, etc. are expelled either continuously or at irregular intervals.
Pool Small and rather deep body of freshwater.
Sound Long passage of water connecting tow bodies of water of seperating a mainland and inland.
Tributary Any smaller stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river.
Basin Low areas of land often surrounded by mountains.
Sea The salt waters that cover the greater part of Earth's surface; a large, landlocked body of water.
Swamp A tract of wet, spongy land, usually with abundant vegetation.
Lagoon An area of shallow water separated from the sea by low sandy dunes.
Oasis A fertile area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well.
Archipelago A large group of islands
Basin A low area of land often surrounded by mountains
Butte Isolated hill or mountain with steep or precipitous sides; has a smaller summit than a mesa
Canyon Deep valley with steep sides, often with a stream flowing through; gorge
Cliff Very steep vertical or overhanging face of rock or ice
Continent Large land mass on Earth's surface
Coast Land next to sea; seashore
Dell Secluded hollow small valley usually covered with trees and turf
Desert Arid, sandy region with only a few, usually specialized, organisms
Cove Small sheltered inlet or bay.
Headwaters First and smallest streams formed from the runoff of a mountain, eventually forming rivers.
Meander A turn or winding of a stream.
Rapids Where the current is fast and surrounding surface is usually broken.
Source Point of origin of a stream of water.
Cay A low island or reef of sand or coral.
Delta Accumulation of sediment at the mouth of a river.
Island A piece of land smaller than a continent completely surrounded by water.
Atoll A coral island consisting of a reef surrounding a lagoon.
Dam A body of water confined by a barrier; a barrier to check the flow of liquid, gas, or water.
Hill Rounded natural elevation of land lower than a mountain; artificial heap or mound.
Waterfall Perpendicular, very deep descent of water over a stream.
Bayou A creek or a minor river that is a tributary to another body of water.
Current Part of a fluid body of water in a continous direction.
Gulf A part of ocean or stream extending into the land.
Mouth Place where stream enters into the larger body of water.
Reservoir Place where something is kept in storage where water is kept in quantity.
Spring Source of water skewing from the ground
River A natural stream of water.
Strait Narrow passageway connecting two bodies of water.
Divide Separating ridge between drainage areas; watershed
Isthmus Narrow strip of land with water on either side; connects two larger land masses
Mesa A landform less extensive than a plateau, has steep walls, and a relatively flat top
Mountain Natural elevation of land rising more or less abruptly to a peak and attaining an altitude greater than that of a hill
Plateau Elevated flatland; rises sharply above nearby land
Prairie Attractive treeless grassland; area of rolling or leveled land
Reef Ridge of rocks and sand often of coral debris at or near surface of water
Summit Top, peak, or highest point
Tundra Rolling, treeless plain;characteristic of subarctic or arctic regions; black, mucky soil, permanently frozen subsoil, and has dominating vegetation of mosses, lichens, herbs, or shrubs
Valley An elongated depression between uplands, hills, or mountains, especially one following course of stream
Savannah A tropical or subtropical grassland containing scattered trees and drought - resistant undergrowth
Trench A long cut in the ground marking a collision of plates, where one plate slides under the other.
Barrier Island Coastal islands created from sand deposited by ocean waves and currents in shallow water.
Brook Small natural stream of freshwater
Estuary Semi enclosed body of water in which fresh and seawater mix; where river meets an inlet of the sea
Created by: NHS-NHS on 2007-11-06



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