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Bonewit Chapter 11

adverse reaction an unintended and undesirable effect produced by a drug
allergen a substance that is capable of causing an allergic reaction
allergy an abnormal hypersensitivity of the body to substances that are ordinarily harmless
ampule a small sealed glass container that holds a single dose o medication
anaphylactic reaction a serious allergic reaction that requires immediate treatment
autoimmune disease a condition in which the body's immune system produces antibodies that attack the body's own cells
chemotherapy the use of chemicals to treat disease
controlled drug a drug that has restrictions placed on it by the federal government because of its potential for abuse
conversion changing from one system of measurement to another
cubic centimeter the amount of space occupied by one millimeter
DEA number a registration number assigned to physicians by the DEA for prescribing or dispensing controlled drugs
dose the quantity of a drug to be administered at one time
drug a chemical used for the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease
enteral nutrition the delivery of nutrients through a tube inserted into the gastrointestinal tract
gauge the diameter of the lumen of a needle used to administer medication
hemophilia an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of a clotting factor needed for proper coagulation of the blood
immune globulin a blood product consisting of pooled human plasma containing antibodies
induration an area of hardened tissue
infusion the administration of fluids, medications, or nutrients into a vein
inhalation administration the administration of medication by way of air or other vapor being drawn into the lungs
inscription the part of a prescription that indicates the name of the drug and the drug dosage
intradermal injection introduction of medication into the dermal layer of the skin
intramuscular injection introduction of medication into the muscular layer of the body
intravenous therapy the administration of a liquid agent directly into a patient's vein, where it is distributed throughout the body via the circulatory system
oral administration administration of medication by mouth
parenteral administration of medication by injection
pharmacology the study of drugs
prescription a physician's order authorizing the dispensing of a drug by a pharmacist
signatura the part of a prescription that indicates the information to print on the medication label
subcutaneous injection introduction of medication beneath the skin, into the fatty layer of the body
sublingual administration administration of medication by placing it under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed by the mucous membranes
subscription the part of the prescription that gives the directions to the pharmacist and usually designates the number of doses to be dispensed
superscription the part of a prescription consisting of the symbol Rx
topical administration application of a drug to a particular spot
transfusion the administration of whole blood or blood products through through the intravenous route
vial a closed glass container with a rubber stopper that holds medication
wheal a small raised area of the skin