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Female Reproductive

Medical Terminology Davi-Ellen Chabner 9th Editon Chapter 8

amni/o amnion
cervic/o cervix, neck
chori/o chorion/o chorion
colp/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o vulva
galact/o milk
gynec/o woman, female
hyster/o uterus, womb
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses, menstruation
metr/o metri/o uterus
my/o myom/o muscle, muscle tumor
nat/o birth
obstetr/o pregnancy and childbirth
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
ov/o egg
ovari/o ovary
ovul/o egg
perine/o perineum
phor/o to bear
salping/o fallopian tubes
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vulv/o vulva
-arche begining
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant
-parous bearing, bringing forth
-rhea discharge
-salpinx fallopian (uterine) tube
-tocia labor, birth
-version act of training
dys- painful
endo- within
in- in
intra- within
multi- many
nulli- no not none
pre- before
primi- first
retro- backward
carcinoma of the cervix malignant cells within the cervix (cerival cancer)
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
carcinoma of the endometrium malignant tumor of the uterus (adenocarcinoma)
endometriosis endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
fibroids benign tumors in the uterus
ovarian cancer malignant tumor of the ovary
ovarian cysts collection of fluid within a sac (cyst) in the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis
caricinoma of the breast (breast cancer) malignant tumor of the breast
fibrocystic disease numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
abruptio placentae premature separation of the implanted placenta
choriocarcinoma malignant tumor or the placenta
ectopic pregnancy implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location
multiple gestation more than one fetus inside the uterus
placenta previa implantation of the placenta over the cervical opening or in the lower region of the uterus
preclampsia abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria, edema, and headache
down syndrome chromosomal abnormality in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low-set ears, and slanted eyes
erythroblastosis fetalis hemolytic disease in the newborn (HND) caused by a blood group (Rx factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
hyaline membrane disease acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn
hydrocephalus accumulation of fluid in the spaces of the brain
meconium aspiration syndrome abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stool) produced by a fetus or newborn
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
Pap test microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix
pregnancy test blood or urine test to detect the presence of hCG
hysterosalpingography (HSG) x-ray imaging of the uterus and falloopian tubes after injection or contrast material
mammography x-ray imagining of the breast
brest ultra sound imaging and breast MRI technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue
pelvic ultrasonography recording images of sound waves as they bounce off organs in pelvic region
aspiration withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction
cauterization destruction of tissue by burning
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
conization removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix
cryosurgery use of cold temperatures to destory tissue
culdocentesis needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac
dilation (dilatation) and curettage (D&C) widening the cervix and scraping off the endometrial lining of the uterus
exenteration removal of internal organs within a cavity
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope
tubal ligation blocking the fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization from occuring
abortion spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its own
amniocentesis needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis
cesarean section surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus
chorionic villus sampling sampling of placental tissues (chronic villi) for prenatal diagnosis
fetal monitoring continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal distress during labor
in vitro fertilization (IVF) egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish (in vitro) to facilitate fertilization
pelvimetry measurement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis
inner lining of the uterus
area between the anus and the vagina in females
dark-pigmented area around the breast nipple
finger-like ends of the fallopian tube
ducts through which the egg travels into the uterus from the ovary
organ of sensitive erectile tissue in females; anterior to urethral orifice
nipple of the breast
blood vessel-filled organ that develops during pregnancy in the uterine wall and serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
innermost membrane around the developing embyro
outermost layer of the membranes around the developing embryo and forming part of the placenta
outermost layer surrounding the uterus
lips of the vulva
female gonads; producing ova and hormones
includes the perineum, labia and clitoris and hymen; external genitalia
muscular, mucosa-linind canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
hormone secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell (ovum)
sexual intercourse
before birth
begining of the first menstrual period
hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
muscle layer of the uterus
hormone produce by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of a pregnant woman
hormone produce by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of a pregnant woman
hormone produced by the pituitary gland to promote ovulation
union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo develops
galact/o and lact/o both mean
colp/o and vagin/o both mean
mamm/o and mast/o both mean
metr/o and uter/o both mean
oophor/o and ovari/o both mean
o/o , ov/o, and ovul/o all mean
in- and endo- both mean
-cyesis and -gravida both mean
salping/o and -salpinx both mean
episi/o and vulv/o both mean
Created by: tvelis