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Prefixes/Suffixes 6

Respiratory System Vocab

QuestionAnswer
-ema condition
-ectasis dilation; dilatation; widening
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-sphyxia pulse
-spasm sudden contraction of muscles
-ia condition
dys- bad: painful: difficult: abnormal
-osis condition, usually abnormal
tachy- fast
brady- slow
adenoid/o adenoids
alveoli/o alveolus; air sac; small sac
bronchi/o bronchial tube
bronchiol/o bronchiole
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
lob/o lobe
mediastin/o mediastinum
nas/o nose
orth/o straight
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
pharyng/o throat (pharynx)
phon/o voice; sound
phren/o diaphragm; mind
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o lung; air; gas
pneumon/o lung; air; gas
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus
spir/o to breathe
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
-thorax chest; pleural cavity
tonsill/o tonsil
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
Anoxia An absence of oxygen.
Asphyxia A condition arising when the body is deprived of oxygen, causing unconsciousness or death; suffocation.
Croup Inflammation of the larynx and trachea in children, associated with infection and causing breathing difficulties.
Emphysema A condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness.
Influenza A contagious viral infection of the respiratory passages causing fever, severe aching, and catarrh.
Pleurisy Inflammation of the pleurae, which causes pain when breathing.
Pneumothorax The presence of air or gas in the cavity between the lungs and the chest wall, causing collapse of the lung.
Ventilator An appliance for artificial respiration; a respirator.
Apnea Temporary cessation of breathing, esp. during sleep
Asthma A respiratory condition marked by spasms in the bronchi of the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. It usually results from an allergic reaction or other forms of hypersensitivity
Dyspnea Difficult or labored breathing.
Hypoxia Deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues.
Pertussis Whooping cough: a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane.
Tuberculosis An infectious bacterial disease characterized by the growth of nodules (tubercles) in the tissues, esp. the lungs
Cyanosis A bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of the blood.
Created by: Cunningham101 on 2012-10-02



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