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Chapter 11

Administration of Medication and Intravenous Therapy

adverse reaction an unintended and undesirable effects produced by a drug.
allergen a substance that is capable of causing an allergic reaction.
allergy an abnormal hypersensitivity of the body to substances that are unordinarily harmless.
ampule a small sealed glass container that holds a single dose of medication.
anaphylactic reaction a serious allergic reaction that requires immediate treatment.
autoimmune disease a condition in which the body's immune system produces antibodies that attack the body's own cells. the cause is unknown.
chemotherapy the use of chemicals to treat disease. chemotherapy is most often used to refer to the treatment of cancer using antineoplastic medications.
controlled drug a drug that has restrictions placed on it by the federal government because of its potential for abuse.
conversion changing from one system of measurement to another.
cubic centimeter the amount of space occupied 1 milliliter (1 mL = 1 cc)
DEA number a registration number assigned to physicians by the Drug Enforcement Administration for prescribing or dispensing controlled drugs.
dose the quantity of drug to be administered at one time.
drug a chemical used for he treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease
enteral nutrition the delivery of nutrients through a tube inserted into the gatrointestinal tract.
gauge the diameter of the lumen of a needle used to administer medication.
hemophilia an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of a clotting factor needed for proper coagulation of the blood.
immune globulin a blood product consisting of pooled human plasma containing antibodies.
induration an area of hardened tissue
infusion the administration of fluids, medications, or nutrients into a vein.
inhalation administration the administration of medication by way of air or other vapor being dawn into the lungs.
inscription the part of prescription that indicates the name of the drug and the drug dosage.
intradermal injection introduction of medication into the dermal layer of the skin.
intramuscular injection introduction of medication into the muscular layer of the body
intravenous (IV) therapy the administration of a liquid agent directly into a patient's vein, where it is distributed throughout the body via the circulatory system.
oral administration administration of medication by mouth.
parenteral administration of medication by injection
pharmacology the study of drugs
prescription a physician's order authorizing the dispensing of a drug by a pharmacist.
signatura the part of a prescription that indicates the information to print on the medication label.
subcutaneous injection introduction of medication beneath the skin,into the subcutaneous or fatty layer of the body.
sublingual administration administration of medication by placing it under the tongue, where it dissolves and is absorbed through the mucous membrane
subscription the part of the prescription that gives directions to the pharmacists and usually designates the number of doses to be dispensed
superscription the part of the prescription consisting of the symbol Rx (from the latin word recipe, meaning "take").
topical administration application of a drug to a particular spot, usually for a local action.
transfusion the administration of whole blood or blood products through the intravenous route
vial a closed glass container with a rubber stopper that hold medication
wheal a small raised area of skin
Created by: sashapalmer