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# math 050

### glossary and properties

questions | Answers |
---|---|

periods | groups of three digits in large numbers |

digits | whole numbers 0-9 |

sum | result of addition problems |

addends | numbers being added |

variable | letter or symbol that represents a number |

difference | the result of subtraction |

subtrahend | number being subtracted |

minuend | number being subtracted from |

polygon | flat closed figure formed by line segments connected at their ends |

perimeter | distance around the outside of a polygon |

product | result of multiplication |

area | surface contained within a perimeter |

dividend | number being divided |

divisor | number dividing |

quotient | result of division |

long division | dividing long numbers |

remainder | leftover after division |

exponent | repeated multiplication aka power |

base | number being multiplied in powers |

square root | reverse process of squaring |

variables | quantities subject to change |

constants | quantities not subject to change |

rational number | a fraction whose numerator is an integer and denominator is a non-zero integer |

commutative property of addition | changing the order of addends does not affect the sum |

associative property of addition | changing the grouping of addends does not affect the sum |

commutative property of multiplication | changing the order of two factors does not affect the product |

associative property of multiplication | changing the grouping of factors does not affect the product |

distributive property of multiplication over addition | the product of a number and a sum [a(b+c)] can be |

periods | groups of three digits in large numbers |

digits | whole numbers 0-9 |

sum | result of addition problems |

addends | numbers being added |

variable | letter or symbol that represents a number |

difference | the result of subtraction |

subtrahend | number being subtracted |

minuend | number being subtracted from |

polygon | flat closed figure formed by line segments connected at their ends |

perimeter | distance around the outside of a polygon |

product | result of multiplication |

area | surface contained within a perimeter |

dividend | number being divided |

divisor | number dividing |

quotient | result of division |

long division | dividing long numbers |

remainder | leftover after division |

exponent | repeated multiplication aka power |

base | number being multiplied in powers |

square root | reverse process of squaring |

variables | quantities subject to change |

constants | quantities not subject to change |

rational number | a fraction whose numerator is an integer and denominator is a non-zero integer |

commutative property of addition | changing the order of addends does not affect the sum |

associative property of addition | changing the grouping of addends does not affect the sum |

commutative property of multiplication | changing the order of two factors does not affect the product |

associative property of multiplication | changing the grouping of factors does not affect the product |

distributive property of multiplication over addition | the product of a number and a sum [a(b+c)] can be |

periods | groups of three digits in large numbers |

digits | whole numbers 0-9 |

sum | result of addition problems |

addends | numbers being added |

variable | letter or symbol that represents a number |

difference | the result of subtraction |

subtrahend | number being subtracted |

minuend | number being subtracted from |

polygon | flat closed figure formed by line segments connected at their ends |

perimeter | distance around the outside of a polygon |

product | result of multiplication |

area | surface contained within a perimeter |

dividend | number being divided |

divisor | number dividing |

quotient | result of division |

long division | dividing long numbers |

remainder | leftover after division |

exponent | repeated multiplication aka power |

base | number being multiplied in powers |

square root | reverse process of squaring |

variables | quantities subject to change |

constants | quantities not subject to change |

rational number | a fraction whose numerator is an integer and denominator is a non-zero integer |

commutative property of addition | changing the order of addends does not affect the sum |

associative property of addition | changing the grouping of addends does not affect the sum |

commutative property of multiplication | changing the order of two factors does not affect the product |

associative property of multiplication | changing the grouping of factors does not affect the product |

distributive property of multiplication over addition | the product of a number and a sum [a(b+c)] can be |

periods | groups of three digits in large numbers |

digits | whole numbers 0-9 |

sum | result of addition problems |

addends | numbers being added |

variable | letter or symbol that represents a number |

difference | the result of subtraction |

subtrahend | number being subtracted |

minuend | number being subtracted from |

polygon | flat closed figure formed by line segments connected at their ends |

perimeter | distance around the outside of a polygon |

product | result of multiplication |

area | surface contained within a perimeter |

dividend | number being divided |

divisor | number dividing |

quotient | result of division |

long division | dividing long numbers |

remainder | leftover after division |

exponent | repeated multiplication aka power |

base | number being multiplied in powers |

square root | reverse process of squaring |

variables | quantities subject to change |

constants | quantities not subject to change |

rational number | a fraction whose numerator is an integer and denominator is a non-zero integer |

commutative property of addition | changing the order of addends does not affect the sum |

associative property of addition | changing the grouping of addends does not affect the sum |

commutative property of multiplication | changing the order of two factors does not affect the product |

associative property of multiplication | changing the grouping of factors does not affect the product |

distributive property of multiplication over addition | the product of a number and a sum [a(b+c)] can be |

periods | groups of three digits in large numbers |

digits | whole numbers 0-9 |

sum | result of addition problems |

addends | numbers being added |

variable | letter or symbol that represents a number |

difference | the result of subtraction |

subtrahend | number being subtracted |

minuend | number being subtracted from |

polygon | flat closed figure formed by line segments connected at their ends |

perimeter | distance around the outside of a polygon |

product | result of multiplication |

area | surface contained within a perimeter |

dividend | number being divided |

divisor | number dividing |

quotient | result of division |

long division | dividing long numbers |

remainder | leftover after division |

exponent | repeated multiplication aka power |

base | number being multiplied in powers |

square root | reverse process of squaring |

variables | quantities subject to change |

constants | quantities not subject to change |

rational number | a fraction whose numerator is an integer and denominator is a non-zero integer |

commutative property of addition | changing the order of addends does not affect the sum |

associative property of addition | changing the grouping of addends does not affect the sum |

commutative property of multiplication | changing the order of two factors does not affect the product |

associative property of multiplication | changing the grouping of factors does not affect the product |

distributive property of multiplication over addition | the product of a number and a sum [a(b+c)] can be |

Created by:
melaniestanley