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The Human Body

abdominal cavity the cavity containing the major viscera;in mammals it is separated from thorax by the diaphragm.
adenectomy The removal of all or part of the adenoid glands by surgery.
adenocarcinoma carcinoma derived from glandular tissue or in which the tumor cells form recognizable glandular structures.
adenoma A growth of cells, usually a benign tumor, that forms a gland or gland-like substance. These tumors can secrete hormones or cause changes in hormone production in nearby glands.
adenomalacia n. Pathological softening of glands.
adenosclerosis n. 1. (Med.) The hardening of a gland.
anaplasia Reversion of cells to an immature or a less differentiated form, as occurs in most malignant tumors.
anatomy 1. The bodily structure of a plant or an animal or of any of its parts. 2. The science of the shape and structure of organisms and their parts. 3. Dissection of a plant or animal to study the structure, position, and interrelation of its various parts.
anomaly Deviation or departure from the normal or common order, form, or rule.
anterior Adjective: 1.Nearer the front, esp. situated in the front of the body, or nearer to the head or forepart. 2.(of a part of a flower or leaf) Situated further away from the main stem.
aplasia Noun: The failure of an organ or tissue to develop or to function normally.
bloodborne transmission occurs thru contact with blood or body fluids that are contaminated with blood.
caudal Adjective: 1.Of or like a tail. 2.At or near the tail or the posterior part of the body.
cephalic Of,in,or relating to the head. Referring to diseases affecting the head and upper part of the body.
chromosomes A structure in all living cells that consists of a single molecule of DNA bonded to various proteins and that carries the genes determining heredity.
communicable disease a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
congenital disorder a defect that is present at birth
cytoplasm The jellylike material that makes up much of a cell inside the cell membrane, and, in eukaryotic cells, surrounds the nucleus. The protoplasm outside the nucleus of a cell.
distal The more (or most) distant of two (or more) things. For example, the distal end of the femur (the thigh bone) is the end down by the knee; the end more distant from the torso.
dorsal Relating to the back or postterior of a structure. As opposed to the ventral, or front, of the structure.
dysplasia NOUN 1. medically unusual growth: unusual development or growth of a part of the body such as an organ, bone, or cell, including the total absence of such a part
endemic ADJECTIVE 1. medicine restricted to one place: describes a disease occurring within a particular area "Typhoid fever used to be endemic in the Deep South."
endocrine glands 1.hormone-secreting gland: any gland of the body that secretes hormones directly into the blood or lymph, e.g. the thyroid, pituitary, pineal, and adrenal glands.
epidemic 1.fast-spreading disease: an outbreak of a disease that spreads more quickly and more extensively among a group of people than would normally be expected 2.rapid development: a rapid and extensive development or growth, usually of something unpleasant
epigastric region the part of the abdomen in the upper zone between the right and left hypochondriac regions. Also called antecardium, epigastrium.
etiology 1. the science dealing with causes of disease. 2. the cause of a disease(etiolog´icetiolog´ical)
endocrine glands organs whose secretions (hormones) are released directly into the circulatory system; they include the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, and adrenal glands, the pineal body, and the gonads.
functional disorder a disorder of physiological function having no known organic basis.
genetic disorder A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease, inherited disorder.
geriatrician A physician who specializes in geriatrics.(Medicine) a physician who specializes in geriatrics
hemophilia Any of several hereditary coagulation disorders, seen almost exclusively in males, in which the blood fails to clot normally because of a deficiency or an abnormality of one of the clotting factors.
histology 1. The anatomical study of the microscopic structure of animal and plant tissues. 2. The microscopic structure of tissue.
homeostasis The ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological processes. 2. the maintenance of equilibrium within a social group, person, etc.
hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in normal arrangement in an organ or tissue, which increases its volume.
hypertrophy n.A nontumorous enlargement of an organ or a tissue as a result of an increase in the size rather than the number of constituent cells. v.To grow or cause to grow abnormally large.
hypogastric region The hypogastrium (or hypogastric region, or pubic region) is an area of the human abdomen located below the navel..
hypoplasia 1. Incomplete or arrested development of an organ or part. 2.Atrophy due to destruction of some of the elements of a tissue or organ.
hypertrophy enlargement or overgrowth of an organ or part due to increase in size of its constituent cells.
hypogastric region The hypogastrium (or hypogastric region, or pubic region) is an area of the human abdomen located below the navel.
hypoplasia inadequate or below-normal number of cells; underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells.
iatrogenic illness an adverse mental or physical condition caused by the effects of treatment by a physician or surgeon.
idiopathic disorder Noun- any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause
Infectious disease Comprise clinically evident illness (i.e., characteristic medical signs and/or symptoms of disease) resulting from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic biological agents in an individual host organism.
inguinal 1. Of or located in the groin. 2. Relating to the left or right inguinal region of the abdomen.
medial 1. Relating to, situated in, or extending toward the middle; median.2.of or situated in the middle.3.ordinary or average in size
mesentery Any of several folds of the peritoneum that connect the intestines to the dorsal abdominal wall, especially such a fold that envelops the jejunum and ileum.
midsagittal plane n. a vertical plane through the midline of the body; divides the body into right and left halves. Also called the median plane.
nosocomial infection An infection that can be acquired in a hospital. ABPA is a nosocomial infection.
pandemic Adjective: (of a disease) Prevalent over a whole country or the world. Noun: An outbreak of such a disease.
pelvic cavity the space within the walls of the pelvis.
peritoneum The transparent membrane lining the abdominal cavity that holds organs such as the intestines in place. The serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs.
peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum, typically caused by bacterial infection either via the blood or after rupture of an abdominal organ.
phenylketonuria An inherited inability to metabolize phenylalanine that causes brain and nerve damage if untreated.
physiology Noun: 1.The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts. 2.The way in which a living organism or bodily part functions.
posterior Adjective: Further back in position; of or nearer the rear or hind end. Noun: A person's buttocks.
proximal Adjective:Situated nearer to the center of the body or the point of attachment.
retroperitoneal Situated behind the peritoneum.
Stem cells An unspecialized cell found in fetuses, embryos, and some adult body tissues that has the potential to develop into specialized cells or divide into other stem cells.
thoracic cavity The cavity in the vertebrate body enclosed by the ribs between the diaphragm and the neck and containing the lungs and heart
transverse plane Any plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts, roughly perpendicular to spine; Divides the body in a horizontal direction.
umbilicus Noun: 1.The navel. 2.A depression or hole at the center of the shell whorls of some gastropod mollusks.
ventral Adjective: Of, on, or relating to the underside of an animal or plant; abdominal. Synonyms: abdominal.
vector-borne transmission Noun- indirect transmission of an infectious agent that occurs when a vector bites or touches a person.
Created by: katherine123