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Ch. 2 Medical Terms

Medical Terms

aden gland
adip fat, fatty tissue
anter front
caud tail
cephal head
cyt a cell
endo- inside
exo- outside
hist tissue
-ologist a science of study
-ology study of
path disease
-plasia growth of formation
poster the back
-stasis Slowing; stoppage or Stable state
abdominal abdomen
adenectomy Surgical excision of a gland
adenocarcinoma A malignant tumor originating in glandular tissue
adenoma A benign epithelial tumor having a glandular origin and structure
adenomalacia undue softness of a gland
adenosclerosis hardening of a gland
anaplasia Reversion of cells to an immature or a less differentiated form
anatomy A skeleton, human body
anomaly departure from the normal or common order, form, or rule
anterior Placed before or in front
aplasia The failure of an organ or tissue to develop or to function normally
bloodborne transmission occurs thru contact with blood or body fluids that are contaminated with blood.
caudal Of or like a tail.
cephalic relating to the head
chromosomes A threadlike structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form
communicable diease a disease that can be communicated from one person to another
congenital disorder birth defect
cytoplasm material or protoplasm within a living cell, excluding the nucleus
distal Situated away from the center of the body or from the point of attachment
dorsal upper side or back of
dysplasia The enlargement of an organ or tissue by the proliferation of cells of an abnormal type, as a developmental disorder or an early stage
endemic Regularly found among particular people or in a certain area.
endocrine glands glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones
functional disorder disorder showing symptoms for which no physiological or anatomical cause can be identified
genetic disorder a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically
geriatrician The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the health and care of old people
hemophilia A medical condition in which the ability of the blood to clot is severely reduced, often due to lack of factor VIII
histology The study of the microscopic structure of tissues
homeostasis The tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium
hyperplasia The enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the
hypertrophy The enlargement of an organ or tissue from the increase in size of its cells
hypogastric region The hypogastrium (or hypogastric region, or pubic region) is an area of the human abdomen located below the navel
hyperplasia The enlargement of an organ or tissue caused by an increase in the reproduction rate of its cells, often as an initial stage in the
iatrogenic illness The terms iatrogenesis and iatrogenic artifact refer to inadvertent adverse effects or complications caused by or resulting from medical
idiopathic disorder disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause.
infectious disease a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
inguinal Of the groin
medial Situated in the middle, in particular
mesentery A fold of the peritoneum that attaches the stomach and other organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen
midsagittal plane sagittal plane is an imaginary plane that travels vertically from the top to the bottom of the body, dividing it into left and right
nosocomial infection are infections that are a result of treatment in a hospital or a healthcare service unit
pandemic An outbreak of such a disease.
pelvic cavity the space bounded by the bones of the pelvis and containing the pelvic viscera
peritoneum serous membrane lining the cavity of the abdomen and covering the abdominal organs
peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum, typically caused by bacterial infection either via the blood or after rupture of an abdominal organ
phenylketonuria inherited inability to metabolize phenylalanine that causes brain and nerve damage if untreated
physiology 1.The branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts
posterior Further back in position
proximal Situated nearer to the center of the body or the point of attachment
retroperitoneal is the anatomical space in the abdominal cavity behind (retro) the peritoneum
stem cells undifferentiated cell of a multicellular organism that is capable of giving rise to indefinitely more cells of the same type
thoracic cavity chest cavity
transverse plane is an imaginary plane that divides the body
umbilicus The navel
vector-borne transmission indirect transmission of an infectious agent that occurs when a vector bites or touches a person
ventral belly, adominal
Created by: kenny.lam13