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Signs & Symptoms

Medical Terminology Davi-Ellen Chabner 9th Edition Chapter 5

anorexia lack of appetite
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
borborygmus Rumbling or gurgling noise produced by the movement of gas, fluid, or both in the gastrointestinal tract
constipation Difficulty in passing stools
diarrhea frequent passage of loose, watery stools
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
eructation gas expelled from the stomach through the mouth
flatus gas expelled through the anus
hematochezia passage of fresh, bright red blood from the rectum
jaundice yellow-orange coloration of the skin and whites of the eyes casued by high levels of bilirubin in the blood (hyperbilirubinemia)
melena black, tarry stools; feces containing digested blood
nausea unpleasant sensation in the stomach associated with a tendency to vomit
steatorrhea fat in the feces; frothy, foul smelling fecal matter
aphthous stomatitis inflammation of the mouth with small painful ulcers
dental caries tooth decay
herpetic stomatitis inflammation of the mouth cause by infection with the herpesvirus
oral leukoplakia white plaques or patches on the mucosa of the mouth
periodontal disease inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth, and surrounding bone.
achalasia failure of the lower esophagus sphincter (LES) muscle to relax
esophageal cancer malignant tumor of the esophagus
esophageal varices swollen varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
gastic cancer malignant tumor of the stomach
gasteroesophageal refulx disease (GERD) solids and fluids returns to the mouth from the stomach
hernia Protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it
peptic ulcer open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum
anal fistula abnormal tube like passageway near the anus
colonic polyps polyps (benign growths) protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon
colorectal cancer adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum or both
Crohn disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract
diverticulosis abnormal outpouchings in the intestinal wall
dysentery painful, inflamed intestines commonly caused by bacterial infections
hemorrhoids swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region
ileus loss of peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines
intussusception telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) group of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension.
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon with presence of ulcers
volvulus twisting of the intestine on itself
cholelithiasis gallstone in the gallbladder
cirrhosis chronic degenerative disease of the liver
pancreatic cancer malignant tumor of the pancreas
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus
Created by: tvelis