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Bonewit Chapter 3

Sterilization & Disinfection- Brooklynn Crowe

Antiseptic A substance that kills disease-producing microorganisms but not their spores. An antiseptic is usually applied to living tissue.
Autoclave An apparatus for the sterilization of materials, using steam to living
Contaminate To soil,stain or pollute;to make impure.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove or destroy pathogens on an item so that it is no longer capable of transmitting disease;this makes the item safe to handle.
Detergent An agent that cleanses by emulsifying dirt and oil.
Disinfectant An agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores. Disinfectants are usually applied to inanimate objects
Hazardous chemical Any chemical presents a threat to the health and safety of individual coming into contact with it.
Incubate To provide proper conditions for growth and development.
Load The articles that are being sterilized.
MSDS A sheet that provides information regarding a chemical, its hazards, and measures to take to prevent injury and illness when handling the chemical.
thermolabile Easily affected or changed.
Sterilization the process of destroying all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores.
Noncritical item An item that comes into contact with intact skin,but not with mucous membranes
critical item An item that comes in contact with sterile tissue or the vascular system.
disinfectant An agent used to destroy pathogenic microorganisms but not their spores; usually applied to inanimate objects.
sanitization A process to remove organic matter from an article and to reduce the number of microorganisms to a safe level as determined by public health requirements.
spore A hard, thick-walled capsule formed by some bacteria that contains only the essential parts of the protoplasm of the bacterial cell.
Created by: brooklynncrowe