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Bonewit Chapt 20

Medical Microbiology- Karly Hayes

Bacteria that have a rod shape Bacilli
Bacteria that have a round shape Cocci
A mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen front he multiplication of a single bacterium Colony
Capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another Contagious
The propagation of a mass of microorganisms in a laboratory culture medium Culture
A mixture of nutrients on which microorganisms are grown in the laboratory Culture medium
A test result denoting that a condition is absent when it is actually present False-negative
A test result denoting that a condition is present when it is actually absent False-positive
Extremely dlicate, difficult to culture, and involving specialized growth requirements. Fastidious
The process of becoming protected from a disease through vaccination Immunization
In microbiology, The act of placing a culture in a chamber (incubator) that provides optimal growth requirements fromt he multiplication of the organisms, such as the proper temperature, humidity, and darkness Incubate
The interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic microorganism and the apperance of firs symptoms of the disease Incubation period
A disease caused by a pathogen that produces harmful effects on its host (also known as a communicable disease) Infectious disease
To introduce microorganisms into a culture medium for growth and multiplication Inoculate
The scientific study of microorganisms and their activites Microbiology
A membrane lining body passages or cavities that open to the outside Mucous membrane
Harmless, nonpathogenic microorganisms that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease. Normal flora
The natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substances in its enviroment. Resistance
A morbid (secondary) condition occuring as a result of a less serious primary infection. Sequela
Material spread on a slide for microscopic examination. smear
A small sample or part taken from the body to show the nature of the whole. Speciemn
Bacteria that have a spiral or curved shape. Spirilla
In microbiology, the process of inoculating a culture to provide for the growth of colonies on the surface of a solid medium. Streaking is accomplished by skimming a wire inoculating loop that contains the specimen across the surface of the medium, using Streaking
a back-and-forth motion Streaking
An exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzes red blood cells Streptolysin
Easily affected, lacking resistance. Susceptible
Created by: karlyhayes