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Bonewit # 20

Medical Microbiology-emily

Bacilli Bacteria that have a rod shape.
Cocci Bacteria that have a round shape
Colony A mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the multiplication of a single bacterium.
Contagious Capable of being transmitted indirectly or directly from one person to another.
Culture The propagation of a mass of MO's in a laboratory culture medium.
Culture Medium A mixture of nutrients on which MO's are grown in the laboratory.
False-negative A test result denoting that a condition is absent when it is actually present.
False-positive A test result denoting that a condition is present when it is actually absent.
Fastidious Extremely delicate, difficult to culture, and involving specialized growth requirements.
Immunization The process of becoming protected from a disease through vaccination.
Incubate In microbiology, that act of placing a culture in a chamber that provides optimal growth requirements for the multiplication of the organisms, such as the proper temp, humidity and darkness.
Incubation period The interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic MO and the appearance of first symptoms of the disease.
Infectious disease A disease caused by a pathogenic that produces harmful effects on it's host.
Inoculate To introduce MO's into a culture medium fro growth and multiplication.
Microbiology The scientific study of Mo's and their activity.
Mucous membrane A membrane lining body passages or cavities that open to the outside.
Normal flora Harmless, nonpathogenic MO's that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease.
Resistance The natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substances in its environment.
Sequela A morbid condition occurring as a result of a less serious primary infection.
Smear Material spread on a side for microscopic examination.
Specimen A small Sample or part taken from the body to show the nature f the whole.
Spirilla Bacteria that have a spiral of curved shape.
Streaking In microbiology, the process of inoculating a culture to provide for the growth of colonies on the surfaces of a solid medium.
Streptolysin An exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzes red blood cells.
Susceptible Easily affected, lacking resistance.
Created by: emilylawson