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Bonewit chpt 20

Medical Microbiology-Candace Oty

Bacilli Bacteria that have a rod shape.
Cocci Bacteria that have a round shape.
Colony A mass of bacteria growing on a solid culture medium that have arisen from the multiplication od a single bacterium.
Contagious Capable of being transmitted directly or indirectly from one person to another.
Culture The propagation of a mass of microorganisms in a laboratory culture medium.
Culture medium A mixture of nutrients on which microorganisms are grown int he laboratory.
False-negative A test result denoting that a condition is absent when its actually present.
False -positive A test result denoting that a condition is present when its actually absent.
Fastidious Extremely delicate, difficult to culture, and involving specialized growth requirements.
Immunization The process of becoming protected from disease through vaccination.
Incubate In microbiology, the act od placing a culture in a chamber that provides optimal growth requirement from the multiplication of the organism, such as the proper temperature, humidity, and darkness.
Incubation period The interval of time between the invasion by a pathogenic microorganism and the appearance of first symptoms of the disease.
Infectious disease A disease caused by pathogens that produce harmful effects on the host. (communicable disease)
Inoculate To introduce microorganism into a culture medium for growth and multiplication.
Microbiology The scientific study of microorganisms and their activities.
Mucous membrane A membrane lining body passage or cavities that open to the outside.
Normal flora Harmless, non-pathogenic microorganism that normally reside in many parts of the body but do not cause disease.
Resistance The natural ability of an organism to remain unaffected by harmful substance in its environment.
Sequela A morbid (secondary) condition occurring as a result of a less serious primary infection
Smear Material spread in a slide for microscopic examination.
Specimen A small sample or part taken from the body to show the nature of the whole.
Spirilla Bacteria that have a spiral or curve shape.
Streaking In microbiology, the process of inoculating a culture to provide for the growth of colonies on the surface of a solid medium. Streaking is accomplished by skimming a wire inoculating loop that contains a the specimen across the surface of the medium
Streptolysin A exotoxin produced by beta-hemolytic streptococci, which completely hemolyzes red blood cells.
Susceptible Easily affected, lacking resistance.
Created by: candaceoty