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Bonewit # 15

Introduction to the Clinical Laboratory-emily

Automated Method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed with an automated analyzer.
Fasting Abstaining from food of fluids for a specified amount of time before the collection of a specimen
Homeostasis The state in which the body systems are functioning normally and the internal environment of the body is equilibrium, the body in in a healthy state.
In vivo Occurring in the living body or organism
Laboratory Test The clinical analysis and study of materials, fluids or tissues obtained from patients to assist in diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Manual Method A method of laboratory testing in which the series of steps in the test method is performed by hand.
Plasma the liquid part of the blood consisting of a clear, yellowish fluid that comprises approx 55% of the total blood volume.
Profile Numerous laboratory test providing related or complementary info used to determine the health status of a patient
Quality Control The application of methods to ensure taht tests results are reliable and valid and that errors are detected and eliminated
Routine test a lab test performed on routinely on apparently healthy patients to assist in the early detection of disease.
Serum the clear, straw colored part of the blood(plasma) that remains after the solid elements and the clotting factor fibrinogen have been separated out of it.
Specimen A small sample of something taken to show the nature of the whole
Analyte a substance that is being identified or measured in a lab report
Calibration a mechanism to check the precision and accuracy of a test system, such as an automated analyzer, to determine if the system is providing acurate results; typically performed using a device called a standard.
Clinical diagnosis A tentative diagnosis of a patients condition obtained through evaluation of the health history & the PE, without the benefit of laboratory report.
Control A solution that is used to monitor a test system to ensure the reliability and accuracy of test results.
Nonwaived test a complex lab test that does not meet the CLIA criteria for waiver & is subject to the CLIA regulations.
Product insert A printed document supplied by the manufacturer with a laboratory test product that contains info on the proper storage& use of product
Qualitative test Whether or not a substance is present and the amount of the substance.
Quantitative a test that indicates the exact chemical substance present in the body
Reagent A substance that produces a reaction with a patient specimen that allows detection of measurement of the substance by the test system.
Reference Range A certain established & acceptable parameter or reference range within which the lab test results of a healthy individual are expected to fall
Test system A setup that includes all of the test components required to perform a lab test such as testing devices, controls, & testing reagents
Waived test A lab test that meets CLIA criteria for being a simple procedure that is easy to preform & has a low risk of erroneous test results; these have been FDA approved for home use.
Created by: emilylawson