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Bonewit chpt 16

Urinalysis-Candace Oty

Anuria Failure of the kidney to produce urine.
Bilirubinuria The presence of bilirubin in the urine.
Bladder catheterization The passing of a sterile catherater
Diuresis Secretions and passage of large amount of urine.
Dysuria Difficult or painful urination.
Frequency The condition of having to urinate often.
Glycosuria The presence of glucose in the urine.
Hematuria Blood present in the urine.
Ketonuria The presence of ketone bodies in the urine
Ketosis An accumulation of large amounta of ketone bodies in the tissue and bodu fluids
Micturition The act of voiding urine.
Nephron The functional unit of the kidney.
Nocturia Excessive (voluntary) urination during the night.
Nocturnal enuresis Inability of an individual to control urination at night during sleep. (bedwetting)
Oliguria Decreased or scanty output of urine.
pH The unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution.
Polyuria Increased output of urine.
Proteinuria The presence of protein in the urine.
Pyuria The presence of pus in the urine.
Renal threshold The concentration at which a substance i the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidney begins to appear in the urine.
Retention The inability to empty the bladder, the urine is being produced normally but not being voided.
Specific gravity The weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal volume of a substance known as the standard. In urinalysis, the specific gravity refers to measurement of the amount of dissolved substance.
Supernatant The clear liquid that remains at the top after a preciptate settles.
Suprapubic aspiration The passing of a sterile needle through abdominal wall nto the bladder to remove urine.
Urgency The immediate need to urine.
Urinalysis The physical, chemical, and microscopic analysis of urine.
Urinary incontinence The ability to retain urine.
Void To empty the bladder
Dribbling involuntary loss of drops of urine.
Hesitancy difficulty in starting (initating) the flow of urine.
UTI urinary tract infection
Cystitis inflammation of the bladder.
Renal Calculi kidney stone
Stricture narrowing of passageway interfering movement of substance through it.
Uremia products normally in urine and excreted out. Becomes toxic
Urochrome yellow pigment given off from breakdown of hemoglobin.
Sediment substance setting at the bottom of a liquid.
Crenated notched or scalloped in appearance.
Occult invisible or hidden
Created by: candaceoty