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Bonewit #16

Urinalysis Carrie

anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine
bilirubinuria the presence of bilirubin in the urine
bladder catheterization the passing of a sterile catheter thtough the urethra and into the bladder to remove urine
diuresis secretion and passage of large amounts of urine
dysuria difficult or pain urination
frequency the condition of having to urine to often
glycosuria the presence of glucose in the urine
hematuria blood present in the urine
agglutination the aggregation or uniting of separate particles into clumps or masses
ketonuria the presence of ketone bodies in the urine
ketosis an accumulation of large amounts of ketone bodies in the tissues & body fluids
micturition the act of voiding urine
nephron the functional unit of the kidney
oliguria decrease or scanty output of urine
pH the unit that describes the acidity or alkalinity of a solution
polyuria increased output of urine
proteinuria the presence of protein in the urine
refractive index the ratio of the velocity of light in air to the velocity of light in a solution
refractometer an instrument used to measure the refractive index of urine, which is an indirect measurement of the specific gravity of urine
renal threshold the concentration at which a substance in the blood that is not normally excreted by the kidneys begins to appear in the urine
specific gravity in urinalysis, it refers to the measurement of the amount of dissolved substances present in the urine compared with the same amount of distilled water
supernatant the clear liquid that remains at the top after a precipitate settles
suprapubic aspiration the passing of a sterile needle through the abdominal wall into the bladder to remove urine
urinalysis the physicial, chemical & microscopic analysis of urine
void to empty the bladder
nocturia excessive urination at night
nocturnal enuresis in ability to control urination during sleep (bed wetting)
pyuria pus in urine
retention inability to empty the bladder
urgency sudden urge to void
urinary continence inability to hold urine
dribbling involuntary loss of drops of urine
hesitancy difficulty in starting the flow of urine
UTI urinary tract infection
cystitis inflammation of the bladder
renal calculi kidney stone
stricture narrowing of passageway interfering movement of substance through it
uremia products normally in urine and excreted out becomes toxic
urochrome yellow pigment given off from breakdown of hemoglobin
occult hidden
sediments substances setting at the bottom of a liquid
crenated notched or scalloped in appearance
Created by: carrienewman