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Bonewit #8

The Gynecologic Examination Prenatal Care- Shelby

Abortion The termination of the pregnancy before the fetus reaches the age of viability (20 weeks)
Adnexal Adjacent.
Amenorrhea The absence or cessation of the menstrual period. Amenorrhea occurs normally before puberty, during pregnancy, and after menopause.
Atypical Deviation for the normal
Braxton Hicks contraction Intermittent and irregular painless uterine contractions that occur throughout the pregnancy. They occur more frequently toward the end of pregnancy and are sometimes mistaken for true labor pains.
Cervix The lower marrow end of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
Colposcopy Examination of the cervix using a colposcope (a lighted instrument with a magnifying lens.)
Cytology The science that deals with the study of cells, including their origin, structure, function, and pathology
Dilation ( of the cervix) The stretching of the external os from an opening a few millimeters wide to an opening large enough to allow the passage of a infant(approximately 10cm.)
Dysmenorrhea Pain associated with the menstrual period.
Dyspareunia Pain in the vagina or pelvis experienced by a woman during sexual intercourse.
Dysplasia The growth of abnormal cells. Dysplasia is a precancerous condition that may or may not develop into cancer.
Ectocervix The part of the cervix that projects into the vagina and is lined with stratified squamous epithelium.
Effacement The thinning and shortening of the cervical canal from its normal length of 1-2cm to a structure with paper-thin edges in which there is no canal at all. Occurs late in preg. during birth or both. purpose to permit the passage of the infant into bc.
Embryo The child in utero from the time of conception to the beginning of the first trimester.
Endocervix The mucous membrane lining the cervical canal.
Engagement The entrance of the fetal head or the presenting part into the pelvic inlet.
Expected date of delivery Projected birth date of the infant.
External os The opening of the cervical canal of the iteris into the vagina.
Fetal heart rate The number of times per minute the fetal heart beats.
Fetal heart tones The sounds of the heart of the fetus heard through the mother's abdominal wall.
Fetus The child in utero from the third month after conception to birth; during the first two months of development, it is called the embryo.
Fundus The dome-shaped upper portion of the uterus between the fallopian tubes.
Gestation The period of intrauterine development from conception to birth; the period of pregnancy. The average pregnancy lasts about 280 days, or 40 weeks, from the date pf conception to childbirth.
Gestational age The age of the fetus between conception and birth.
Gravidity The total number of pregnancies a woman has had regardless of duration, including a current pregnancy.
Gynecology The branch of medicine that deals with the disease of reproductive organs of women.
Infant A child from childbirth to 12 months of age.
Internal os The internal opening of the cervical canal into the uterus.
Lochia A discharge from the uterus after delivery that consists of blood, tissue, WBC, and some bacteria.
Menopause The permanent cessation of menstruation, which usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55
Menorrhagia Excessive bleeding during a menstrual period, in the number of days of the amount of blood or both. Also called Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding (DUB)
Metrorrhagia Bleeding between menstrual periods.
Multigravida A woman who has been pregnant more that once.
Multipara A woman who has completed two or more pregnancies to the age of fetal viability regardless of whether they ended in live infants or stillbirths.
Nullipara A women who has not carried a pregnancy to the point of fetal viability (20 weeks or gestation)
Obstetrics The branch of medicine concerned with the care of the woman during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartal period.
Parity The condition of having borne offspring regardless of the outcome.
Perimenopause Before the onset of menopause, the phase during which the woman with regular periods changes to irregular cycles and increased periods of amenorrhea.
Perineum The external region between the vaginal orifice and the anus in a female and between the scrotum and the anus in a male.
Position The relation of the presenting part of the fetus to the maternal pelvis.
Postpartum Occurring after childbirth.
Preeclampsia A major complication of pregnancy characterized by increasing hypertension albuminuria, and edema. If it is neglected, it may develop into eclapsia. Which could cases maternal convulsions and coma. Occurs between 20 week of preg. - end of 1st week ofPP
Prenatal Before birth
Presentation Indication of the part of the fetus that is closes to the cervix and is delivered first. a cephalic presentaion is where the fetal head is presenting against the cervix A breech presentation is where the buttock/feet are presented instead of the head.
Preterm Birth Delivery occurring between 20-37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the child was born alive or stillborn.
Primipara A woman who has carried a pregnancy to fetal viability (20 weeks of gestation) for the first time regardless of whether the infant was stillborn or alive at birth.
Puerperium The period of time, usually 4-6 weeks after delivery, in which the uterus and the body systems are returning to normal.
Quickening The first movements of the fetus in utero as felt by the mother, which usually occur between 16-20 weeks of gestation and are felt consistently thereafter.
Risk Anything that increases an individual's chance of developing a disease. Some risk factors (e.g. smoking) can be avoided, but others cannot (e.g age and family history.)
Term birth Delivery occurring after 37 weeks of gestation regardless of whether the infant was born alive or stillborn.
Toxemia A condition that can occur in pregnant women that included preeclampsia and eclampsia. If preeclampsia goes undiagnosed or is not satisfactory controlled it could develop into eclampsia characterized by convulsions and coma.
Trimester Three months, or one third, of the gestational period of pregnancy.
Vulva The region of the external female genital organs.
Primipara A woman who is pregnant for the first time.
Created by: shelbycrank